A Theory of Justice
John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition—justice as fairness—and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. “Each person,” writes Rawls, “possesses an inviolability founded on justice that even the welfare of society as a whole cannot override.” Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls’s theory is as powerful today as it was when first published. Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls’s view, much of the extensive literature on his theory refers to the original. This first edition is available for scholars and serious students of Rawls’s work.
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They pointed out the obscurities of the principle of utility and noted the apparent incongruities between many of its implications and our moral sentiments . But they failed , I believe , to construct a workable and systematic moral ...
It may be observed , however , that once the principles of justice are thought of as arising from an original agreement in a situation of equality , it is an open question whether the principle of utility would be acknowledged .
The terms “ utility ” and “ utilitarianism ” are surely no exception . They too have unfortunate suggestions which hostile critics have been willing to exploit ; yet they are clear enough for those prepared to study utilitarian doctrine ...
Finally , we should note here the essays of J. C. Harsanyi , in particular , " Cardinal Utility in Welfare Economics and in the Theory of Risk - Taking , ” Journal of Political Economy , 1953 , and " Cardinal Welfare , Individualistic ...
And so by these reflections one reaches the principle of utility in a natural way : a society is properly arranged when its institutions maximize the net balance of satisfaction . The principle of choice for an association of men is ...
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Review: A Theory of JusticeUser Review - Alex L - Goodreads
BLEH. Never taking a political theory class again. But this book was rather odd...i liked the ideas he proposed, but it wasn't as enjoyable of a read as i thought it would be. Not really my subject matter. Read full review