A History of Natural Philosophy: From the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century
Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally independently of natural philosophy. Although this began slowly to change in the late Middle Ages, a much more thoroughgoing union of natural philosophy and mathematics occurred in the seventeenth century and thereby made the Scientific Revolution possible. The title of Isaac Newton's great work, The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, perfectly reflects the new relationship. Natural philosophy became the 'Great Mother of the Sciences', which by the nineteenth century had nourished the manifold chemical, physical, and biological sciences to maturity, thus enabling them to leave the 'Great Mother' and emerge as the multiplicity of independent sciences we know today.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
Adelard Adelard of Bath Albert of Saxony Arabic argued arguments Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s natural philosophy Aristotle’s Physics Aristotle’s text Aristotle’s treatises arts assumed astronomy Averroes Bacon Book in Medieval caelo cause celestial bodies chapter Christian cited Clagett commentaries on Aristotle’s declares Dictionary of Scientific discussion earth existence experience explains faith G. E. R. Lloyd God’s Greek Science heaven History of Science ibid Ibn Rushd Ibn S¯ın¯a included Isaac Newton Islamic John Buridan Kilwardby knowledge late Middle Ages Latin logic losophy mathematics medicine medieval natural philosophers Medieval Science medieval universities metaphysics Meteorology mobile motion moved natural phi natural science Neoplatonic Newton Nicole Oresme Philoponus philoso physical world Plato pre-Socratic problems questions ratios reason regarded religion role scholars scholastic natural philosophers Scientific Biography seventeenth century Simplicius Source Book Themon theologians theology things tion titled translation twelfth century vacuum William William of Conches wrote