Deep-water Coral Reefs: Unique Biodiversity Hot-Spots

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Springer Science & Business Media, Aug 24, 2008 - Science - 278 pages
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Deep-water coral reefs are found along large sections of the outer continental shelves and slopes of Europe, from North Cape to the Gulf of Cadiz, and because they also occur along the Atlantic seaboard of USA, the Gulf of Mexico, off Brazil, in the Mediterranean, and off New Zealand, they are currently being targeted by international groups of marine scientists. They have become popular and opportune deep-water research targets because they offer exciting frontier exploration, combined with a whole plethora of modern scientific methods, such as deep-sea drilling, sampling, remote control surveying and documentation. Furthermore they represent timely opportunities for further developments within the application of geochemistry, stable isotope research, bacterial sciences, including DNA-sequestering, and medical research (search for bioactive compounds).

The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) has arranged a deep-sea scientific drilling campaign on giant carbonate banks off Ireland. Because the reefs currently defy traditional marine-ecological theories, they represent future research opportunities and will enjoy scientific scrutiny for many years to come.

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Contents

Coral reefs
7
A modern rediscovery
13
4
39
North Atlantic coral reefs and giant carbonate mounds
103
Other deepwater coral reefs worldwide 141
140
Ancient and modern analogues
163
Competing theories 179
178
An unintended extinction?
207
Conclusions
215
B Epilogue 233
232
Index
255
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