Deep-water Coral Reefs: Unique Biodiversity Hot-Spots
Deep-water coral reefs are found along large sections of the outer continental shelves and slopes of Europe, from North Cape to the Gulf of Cadiz, and because they also occur along the Atlantic seaboard of USA, the Gulf of Mexico, off Brazil, in the Mediterranean, and off New Zealand, they are currently being targeted by international groups of marine scientists. They have become popular and opportune deep-water research targets because they offer exciting frontier exploration, combined with a whole plethora of modern scientific methods, such as deep-sea drilling, sampling, remote control surveying and documentation. Furthermore they represent timely opportunities for further developments within the application of geochemistry, stable isotope research, bacterial sciences, including DNA-sequestering, and medical research (search for bioactive compounds).
The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) has arranged a deep-sea scientific drilling campaign on giant carbonate banks off Ireland. Because the reefs currently defy traditional marine-ecological theories, they represent future research opportunities and will enjoy scientific scrutiny for many years to come.
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... from Florida's Hatteras Slope onto the Blake Plateau . . . . . . . . . . 154 6.12 A shaded relief map showing Newfoundland, the fishing ground xx Figures.
Unique Biodiversity Hot-Spots Martin Hovland. 6.12 A shaded relief map showing Newfoundland, the fishing ground Flemish Cap, and Orphan Knoll.
Shoals of fish are, however, often seen when we work on the seafloor with remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). In Norwegian waters, the lights from the ROV ...
They represent unique habitats, with a very high faunal diversity of corals and other invertebrates, fish, and algae. The term ''coral reef'' is ...
... of the skeleton byenhancing the coral's calcification around its dwelling tubes (photo courtesy of P. B. Mortensen, IMR, Norway). types of fish.
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