Deep-water Coral Reefs: Unique Biodiversity Hot-Spots
Deep-water coral reefs are found along large sections of the outer continental shelves and slopes of Europe, from North Cape to the Gulf of Cadiz, and because they also occur along the Atlantic seaboard of USA, the Gulf of Mexico, off Brazil, in the Mediterranean, and off New Zealand, they are currently being targeted by international groups of marine scientists. They have become popular and opportune deep-water research targets because they offer exciting frontier exploration, combined with a whole plethora of modern scientific methods, such as deep-sea drilling, sampling, remote control surveying and documentation. Furthermore they represent timely opportunities for further developments within the application of geochemistry, stable isotope research, bacterial sciences, including DNA-sequestering, and medical research (search for bioactive compounds).
The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) has arranged a deep-sea scientific drilling campaign on giant carbonate banks off Ireland. Because the reefs currently defy traditional marine-ecological theories, they represent future research opportunities and will enjoy scientific scrutiny for many years to come.
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92 4.8 Lophelia colonies on man-made structures . .............. 93 4.8.1 The Brent Spar Buoy ....................... 93 4.8.2 Statfjord .
... located above the prominent Lophelia reefs on the Agdenes morainic ridge . ... bivalves hanging down from dead and live Lophelia pertusa colonies.
82 4.37 A beautiful Lophelia colony in the Breisunddjupet area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 4.38 Lophelia colonies and a ...
... of dead Lophelia colonies are favoured locations for manytypes of sponges . ... 225 A.10 At the base of Lophelia reefs, large sea urchins of the species ...
... the occurrence and habitats of Lophelia reefs in the North Atlantic and elsewhere. ... and sometimes coarse-grained sediments, and live coral colonies.
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