Deep-water Coral Reefs: Unique Biodiversity Hot-Spots
Deep-water coral reefs are found along large sections of the outer continental shelves and slopes of Europe, from North Cape to the Gulf of Cadiz, and because they also occur along the Atlantic seaboard of USA, the Gulf of Mexico, off Brazil, in the Mediterranean, and off New Zealand, they are currently being targeted by international groups of marine scientists. They have become popular and opportune deep-water research targets because they offer exciting frontier exploration, combined with a whole plethora of modern scientific methods, such as deep-sea drilling, sampling, remote control surveying and documentation. Furthermore they represent timely opportunities for further developments within the application of geochemistry, stable isotope research, bacterial sciences, including DNA-sequestering, and medical research (search for bioactive compounds).
The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) has arranged a deep-sea scientific drilling campaign on giant carbonate banks off Ireland. Because the reefs currently defy traditional marine-ecological theories, they represent future research opportunities and will enjoy scientific scrutiny for many years to come.
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... Stjernsund and other Norwegian fjord reefs ........ 43 4.3 Reefs on the continental shelf ....................... 44 4.3.1 The Haltenpipe reefs .
It is a good example of a lush Norwegian Lophelia reef. 0.1 The ''crown'' of a Lophelia reef off mid-Norway, at a water depth of 300m . x 1.1 The author ...
40 4.1 This collage of images has been assembled from many different Norwegian coral reefs.
217 A.2 Some of the strange animals encountered on the Sula Ridge . . . . . . . . . . . . 218 A.3 A large group of Norwegian redfish (Sebastes viviparus).
... Eastern North Atlantic Water East Pacific Rise European Union Forsvarets Forsknings Institutt (Norwegian Defence Research Institute) GEOlogical controls ...
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