Deep-water Coral Reefs: Unique Biodiversity Hot-Spots
Deep-water coral reefs are found along large sections of the outer continental shelves and slopes of Europe, from North Cape to the Gulf of Cadiz, and because they also occur along the Atlantic seaboard of USA, the Gulf of Mexico, off Brazil, in the Mediterranean, and off New Zealand, they are currently being targeted by international groups of marine scientists. They have become popular and opportune deep-water research targets because they offer exciting frontier exploration, combined with a whole plethora of modern scientific methods, such as deep-sea drilling, sampling, remote control surveying and documentation. Furthermore they represent timely opportunities for further developments within the application of geochemistry, stable isotope research, bacterial sciences, including DNA-sequestering, and medical research (search for bioactive compounds).
The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) has arranged a deep-sea scientific drilling campaign on giant carbonate banks off Ireland. Because the reefs currently defy traditional marine-ecological theories, they represent future research opportunities and will enjoy scientific scrutiny for many years to come.
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20 3.7 Methane gas bubbles emitting from the seafloor at Tommeliten, at 70m water depth in the North Sea .
... based on swath bathymetry data 85 4.41 An underwater photograph of bacterial mats and suspected methane-derived authigenic carbonate crusts .
... Ecosystems Study Anoxic Oxidation of Methane Alfred Wegener Institute Marine Benthic Fauna of the Faroe Islands (programme) Bottom Simulating Reflector ...
... Seep Last Glacial Maximum Mid Atlantic Ridge Multi Beam Echosounder Magma Chamber Methane Derived Authigenic Carbonate Mekenes Mud Volcano Mediterranean ...
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