Manufacturing Confucianism: Chinese Traditions & Universal Civilization
Lionel M. Jensen, Associate Professor of East Asian Languages & Literatures and Concurrent Associate Professor of History Lionel M Jensen
Duke University Press, 1997 - Religion - 444 pages
Could it be that the familiar and beloved figure of Confucius was invented by Jesuit priests? In Manufacturing Confucianism, Lionel M. Jensen reveals this very fact, demonstrating how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Western missionaries used translations of the ancient ru tradition to invent the presumably historical figure who has since been globally celebrated as philosopher, prophet, statesman, wise man, and saint.
Tracing the history of the Jesuits’ invention of Confucius and of themselves as native defenders of Confucius’s teaching, Jensen reconstructs the cultural consequences of the encounter between the West and China. For the West, a principal outcome of this encounter was the reconciliation of empirical investigation and theology on the eve of the scientific revolution. Jensen also explains how Chinese intellectuals in the early twentieth century fashioned a new cosmopolitan Chinese culture through reliance on the Jesuits’ Confucius and Confucianism. Challenging both previous scholarship and widespread belief, Jensen uses European letters and memoirs, Christian histories and catechisms written in Chinese, translations and commentaries on the Sishu, and a Latin summary of Chinese culture known as the Confucius Sinarum Philosophus to argue that the national self-consciousness of Europe and China was bred from a cultural ecumenism wherein both were equal contributors.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
according ancient antiquity appears authority become believed Buddhist called Cambridge century Change chapter character China Chinese Christian civilization claim classical common completed conception Confucianism Confucius consequence considered construction contemporary course critical cultural described distinct early edition effect essay European evidence fact fathers figure foreign Four ground Hu Shi identified identity imagination imperial inspired intellectual interpretation invention Jesuits Kong Kongzi language late later Latin learning less letter living Lunyu manufacture Master meaning mission missionaries native natural offered official original passage past philosophical political popular practice present question reading reason reference religion religious representation represented Ricci rites ritual sage says scholars sense Shang significance Society suggests symbol teaching term texts tion tradition trans translation understanding University Press Wang West Western writing York Yuan ru Zhang Zhang Binglin Zhou