Shaping History: The Role of Newspapers in Hawai'i

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University of Hawaii Press, 1996 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 386 pages
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Just a decade after the first printing press arrived in Honolulu in 1820, American Protestant missionaries produced the first newspaper in the islands. More than a thousand daily, weekly, or monthly papers in nine different languages have appeared since then. Today they are often considered a secondary source of information, but in their heyday Hawai i s newspapers formed one of the most diversified, vigorous, and influential presses in the world. In this original and timely work, Helen Geracimos Chapin charts the role Hawai i s newspapers played in shaping major historic events in the islands and how the rise of the newspaper abetted the rise of American influence in Hawai i.

Shaping History is based on a wide selection of written and oral sources, including extensive interviews with journalists and others working in the newspaper industry. Students of journalism and Hawaiian history will find this comprehensive history of Hawai i s newspapers especially valuable.

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Contents

Introduction i
5
An Establishment Press Arrives18341850
13
The Light Is Brought to Hawaii
15
The Solemn Responsibility of Dissent
19
In the Service of America and the Kingdom
23
The English Flag and the English Language
29
The Mahele of 1848
32
Fiery Polemic Contests for the Publics Support18501887
39
The Massie Case
152
The TribuneHerald and the Voice of Labor
159
Passed for Publication19411945
169
A Wartime Press and the Paradox of Censorship for Freedom
171
American Patriots
184
Lorrin Thurston Writes to JoeStalin or Farrington?
193
The Honolulu Record and the Art of Muckraking
198
Journalists in Jeopardy
204

The Honolulu Times Welcomes the City of Honolulu
41
The Chinese Arrive
46
Fornander Topples Judd
48
The Advertiser Enters History
53
A Hawaiian Nationalist Press Is Born
59
Sugar Is King
63
The Politics of Health
68
An Uneven Battle18871899
73
A PanPacific Dream
75
Robert Wilcox the Napoleon of Printers Lane
84
Revolution and the Suppression of Freedom of Speech
93
The Republic Burns Down Chinatown
105
A U S Territory19001941
111
Annexation and the Pacific Cable
113
The 1909 Strike and the Japanese Language Press
118
World War I
126
Suppressing the News and Contributing to a Massacre
131
The Three RsReading Riting and Racism
140
Reclaiming Waikiki for the Aloha Spirit
148
Ka Leo Reports on the Golden Rule
212
Tourism and Suburban Oahu
220
Statehood and the StarBulletin
230
The Turbulent 1960s
239
The Business of Newspapers
241
The Popular Columnist
251
The Social Fabric
256
The Battle for Diamond Head
262
The Battle for Hawaiis Soul
269
From Society to Social Causes
282
PartVIII From Satellite City Halls
295
Corporate Economics and Chain Papers
310
Frank Fasi
317
The Public Opinion Poll
326
The Political Cartoon
332
Hawaiian Sovereignty and a Satellite Universe 1976
338
Bibliography
347
Index
373
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