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PROPER NOUNS.

Places' and persons' names are proper,
Put capitals or a large letter
Before each proper name :
Thus Scotland, England, Clyde, or Thames,
And Dr. Jamieson or James,
Or Andrew's quite the same.

Then when a name's a title too
I'll show

you
what

you ought to do;
Write ihus, when you are able,
The Prince of Wales, The Duke of York,
The Queen of Britain, Code of Cork,
Or aught remarkable.

EXERCISES.

Fill
up
the

spaces with Proper Nouns. is the largest city in England. The warehouses in street are handsome. Port wine is imported to from Potatoes were first imported here from

Moses received the ten commandments from on Mount

Alexander the Great was the son of Philip, king of Jesus loved

and raised him from the dead. Our Saviour was born in His mother's name was

The epistle to the Romans was written by the Apostle The river is most beautiful. The lakes of

are visited by all who go to see Ireland. Loch is studded with small islands. The finest lakes in England are in --shire.

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COMMON NOUNS.
Such things as are in constant use,
Like bonnets, shawls, hats, boots and shoes,
And feathers, fleeces, downs,
And books, bags, baskets, pokers, tongs,
With knives, forks, dishes, spoons, and prongs,
Are all called common nouns.
Then kinds and classes too it seems,
Like rivers, brooks, and all the streams
That flow, howe'er so far,
And lakes or fountains, cities, towns,
All classed together-common nouns,
None in particular.

EXERCISES.
Fill up spaces with Common Nouns.
I place my

when I write. I see the covered with dew in the morning. Theis the largest animal that I have ever seen. I think the is the most gentle.

is the flesh of calves. Bread is made of

The throws out heat. The emits light.

The tolls on Sabbath to call us all to Oranges and many other are brought from Italy and Spain to this country. Mutton is the flesh of

Wine is made from Dried are delicious. I don't think so, far finer. The poor people in Arabia live on Rhubarb and are grown in Turkey. Boys and

are fond of amusement. Besides the common nouns you have inserted, point out some others which have been placed in the above sentences.

on the

s

are

COMPOUND NOUNS.
The compound nouns I'll show to you,
ONE WORD COMPOUNDED OUT OF TWO;
Thus boat which sails by steam
Is called a steam-boat-Why? Because
It means the two; and often has
This hyphen put between.

a

EXAMPLES.

Chair for rocking.
Basket for bread.
Desk for Writing.
Breadth of a hair.
A maid to carry

milk.

Rocking-chair.
Bread-basket.
Writing-desk.
Hair's-breadth.
Milk-maid.

a

EXERCISES.

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Fill up the spaces with Compound Nouns.
Cut the leaves of this book with a
Wash yourself at the

which has a marbleslab. On the Queen's birth-day my brother was burned with

Lift the loaf-sugar with the and put the soft-sugar into the

Do place the pen on the

and lock up my I like to see a nice table and

in the hall. Arrange these volumes in my

The first time I travel to Edinburgh I may go by the

Would you give me the loan of your to fasten my boots. Your coat requires the

it is all covered with dust. Put past these needles and reels in your

and ask John to lock

up

his brush and comb in his own

COLLECTIVE NOUNS.

A mob is a collective noun,
It means a multitude in town
Collected like an army ;
Thus congregation or a band,
A crowd or clergy in the land,
And fleet too in the navy.

EXERCISES.

My papa

Fill up spaces with Collective Nouns. Look at that of sheep. The matter was settled by the town

has
many

soldiers in his The ball was fixed for Friday, and the whole met at nine o'clock. Dr. Brown has a very large

in his church. The Lord Provost ordered the to be dismissed. Will you go to the to-night?

THE VERBAL NOUNS.

This noun is made from verbs, you know;
To dance, to sing, to draw, to sew ;
And always ends with ing.
Thus sewing, singing, drawing too,
Are names, no doubt, for what you do ;
You're drawing, capering. *

* The last line shows that verbal nouns are often used as verbs.

EXERCISE.

Fill up spaces with Verbal Nouns. Jane has made great proficiency in - Harry is much fonder of - than Painting is not so fatiguing as Singing is good for the lungs; but unless

you

sit erect, inclines you to stoop.has become very fashionable. Dancing is good exercise, but

is very objectionable amusement.

ABSTRACT NOUNS.

An abstract noun has quality
From adjectives, and property ;
But then it has no substance.
'Tis something one may think about,
And fancy that one sees no doubt,
Like light and love, for instance.

Light is abstracted from the sun,
And love from something ; yet no one
Can grasp a hold of them.
From cheerful we have cheerfulness ;
From proud folks self-conceitedness,
Or pride, which we condemn.

These abstract nouns oft end with ness,
And tion, ment, ent, ant, ance, and ence,
And even ism and ity.
Ambition, goodness, gentleness,
Attendance, prudence, waywardness,
Wisdom, absurdity.

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