Page images


The race is to the swift, nor the battle to the strong.

Whether will you accept of a parasol or a new bonnet? I don't require of them, thank you ; therefore, I will accept of the one nor the other.



Take you please, dear. I shall take with me for little Harry. A very will be sufficient. I beg you will not fill my baskets; you have given them

to me. The sum of the matter comes to this. I spent

my money. Did you not leave yourself with at all? That is not worth thing. Yes, it is worth a pence.

That is a demonstrative adjective-pronoun when it points out; but when it stands instead of which, it is called a relative.

Tell what it is in the following sentences :


SO soon.

Tom found the hen that wandered yesterday. That book is not mine. I gave Jane that ribbon that faded

That knife is not his, it is mine. The knife that I bought cost eighteenpence. Charles broke that lovely jar. That boy is constantly doing mischief. That rainbow is the loveliest ever I saw. The diamond ring that mamma dropped yesterday was found to-day.


Personal pronouns are somewhat like the possessive adjective-pronouns; but do not admit of a noun after them. They have gender, number, and case, too, as a peculiarity which you will soon understand in connection with the verb; but, in the meantime, you may learn the following two verses relating to them:

Adjective-pronouns now are done,
And relatives; but there are some
Which I must hear you say.
Now these have number, gender, case,
The personal nom’natives are these
I, thou, he, we, you, they.

Then those in the possessive case
Are mine, thine, his, ours, yours, and theirs.
Be sure to learn them well.
Objectives now are, me, thee, him,
And then their plurals—us, you, them,
Next let me hear you tell.

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

Personal pronouns in the nominative case always admit of a verb after them, thus

I read. Thou hearest prayer. He walks smartly. We go to church. You write charming letters. They admire paintings. He is used in the masculine. She is used for the feminine. It expresses the, neuter gender.

Personal pronouns in the objective case follow a verb or a preposition thus :

That book instructs her: I read it. John amuses me; and Jane follows him. That book instructed her. Harry annoyed them. Mamma blamed us. I excused you. God hears thee.

Come to me.

Go from her. Look at him. He won't come for them. through it. Sit between us.

He will go

The possessive personal pronoun answers to— Whose is this ? Mine, thine, his, hers, ours, yours, theirs ?





We never use thou, thy, thine, thee,
Unless when writing poetry,
(Some people use them though)
- Thou must love all that's good, my child;"
66 I wish thee to be meek and mild."
66 Thine heart” is so and so.


[ocr errors]

The sect of “ Friends," it would appear,
Use these-yet you will find, my dear
They do our love deserve.
The Psalmist, David, speaks that way,
“ I have made known to thee this day


the Lord should serve.”
You must have noticed, too, in prayer,
We say, “Oh, Father, wilt Thou hear
Thy little children pray?"
Or, “ Jesus, Thou didst die for me,
How grateful should I be to Thee;"
I'll thy commands obey.

Now, when a pronoun's used for God,
You'll notice at that little word
A capital in front.
You won't forget, then, who that's for,
Nor will you skip it lightly o'er;
Indeed, I'm sure you won't.


A verb tells what beings and things do, as Robert skates. Fanny loves. Rain falls.

Now, let me hear you tell, my dear,'
What is a verb; perhaps you fear
'Tis hardest of them all
O no! 'tis what you do and think,
You sleep, wake, dream, rise, eat, and drink ;
A verb's not hard at all.

Now words which show what beings do,
Are all called verbs, I know them too,
Jane sings and Jessie sews.
Then what do things do? Candles burn,
And guns explode, and castors turn,
And frost, too, bites your toes.


go, to come, to sit, to walk,
To jump, thump, mumble, tumble, talk,
To sing, read, write, and sew.
Verbs must have nouns and pronouns, too,
In front of them, to tell us who
Did this and that, you know.

Thus, he walked (John, I meant to say)
Or, I walked to the pond one day,
For he and John's the same;
Before the verb either will do,
Jane walks, or she walks here with you,

other name.

« PreviousContinue »