« PreviousContinue »
Now Etymology, I see,
Means, place these words where they should be,
Or classify them right.
The names of all you'll learn at first,
Then place in sentences, I trust,
have learned to write.
How many sorts of words are there in the English language? There are nine different sorts of words in English :- 1st, The Article ; 2d, the Noun ; 3d, the Adjective; 4th, the Pronoun; 5th, the Verb; 6th, the Adverb ; 7th, the Preposition ; 8th, the Conjunction; 9th, the Interjection.
(Mean Little Joints.)
The articles are a or an,
And the, a still more definite one ;
The man is still a man
Then the and a are articles,
What easy little particles;
The pen, an egg, a fan.
A noun 's the name of any thing-
It matters not how puzzling ;
And names of beings too ;
Thus strawberries, with plums and pies,
Rats, cats, and dogs, or ears and eyes,
And Jessie, James, and Hugh.
Now when we show the kind of thing,
Like dear mamma's new, brilliant ring,
We use an adjective.
Thus blue-eyed, curly-headed doll,
Or lovely Mary's pretty poll;
Or good, bad, sensitive.
A pronoun stands in the noun's stead,
Thus I came here, and you were led ;
He raged, it thundered too.
She looked at you, and then at us.
Jane, John, Jemima, Robert, thus
These pronouns stand for you.
Now words which show what beings do,
Are all called verbs, you 'll know them too:
Jane sings and Fanny seus.
Then what can things do ? Candles burn,
The ships explode, the tables turn,
The river overflows.
When added to a verb-look now,
It shows when, where, 'twas done, and how.
John wrote that letter well.
How did he write it? Well! And when ?
And where? Just here, but then He asked me not to tell.
The preposition's easy rather,
It shows how nouns stand to each other :
John walked from France to Spain.
Up, down, and over, in, between,
And through the passes which are seen
On that high mountain chain.
Now what is a conjunction, dear ?
It joins and disjoins, 'twould appear,
And couples words besides :
Thus Fanny has a cloak or shawl,
But Jane and Ann have none at all ;
Yet Ann or Fanny rides.
THE INTERJECTION. When utt'ring some strong exclamation, Perhaps a word of admiration, We interjections use : Most charming! O! how nice! Well done ! How beautiful! Beloved one ! Sorrow! How it subdues !
These definitions are so short
Perhaps you'll understand them not,
But we must try again.
We'll take the greatest in renown-
The most important one--the noun;
Noun simply means a name.
Papa, Mamma, Dick, Tom, and Jane,
With Scotland, England, France, and Spain,
Then these are nouns.
And London Bridge or Glasgow Green,
And shows and sights which there are seen,
And tears, sighs, smiles, and frowns.
Then all the flowers and birds you see,
And all the fishes in the sea,
Or insects in the sky,
And heaven, or earth, with sun or moon
The name of each is called a noun
Of some variety.
Then height, breadth, depth, and thickness through,
And virtue, vice, and goodness too,
With loveliness and beauty,
Next Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday; then
Our letters, papers, wax, and pen,
With compliments and duty.
I'm very sure you know the nouns :
Queens, lords and ladies, kings and clowns,
And darkness too and light ;
Our flesh and blood, with heat and cold,
many names we have not told,
Now all these nouns are right.
different kinds of nouns have we in our language ? Six. Proper and common, compound and collective, verbal and abstract.