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Verbs have Voices, Moods, Tenses, Numbers, and Persons. There are two Voices, the Active and Passive. The Active expresses action done to another, as, John shot a hare. Passive expresses action suffered, as, The hare was killed. Active verbs are either TRANSITIVE or INTRANSITIVE.
THE TRANSITIVE VERB.
The active, transitive by name,
this book from me to you;
It goes from subject to the object :
John stroked the dog which killed the hare,
gave him food and placed him there,
A subject and object being given in the following sentences, the pupil must insert an active-transitive verb in the
I John. You mamma. Thunder me. Tarts
James us. He
a prize. Andrew a reward. Jessie him a purse.
papa ? Kindness love. Mr. Caird the gospel. Mr. Landsborough
Dr. Buchanan the infirmary.
The subject and transitive verb given, insert an object in the following spaces :
Mrs. Lovechild made
for the children. Harry cut my but he was very sorry.
Henrietta wrote a
Father Gavazzi delivered a Drunkards destroy their — Good children love their India produces
The Verb and Object being given, a Subject or Nominative must be inserted in the spaces.
weave Brussels carpets. make silver boxes. polishes metal tea-pots. The tans
leather. sell sweetmeats.
enlightens the ignorant mind. nourishes the body.
left his snuff-box this morning.
heals a wound.
'Tis somewhat like a transitive-
These verbs have subjects, you will find,
Sometimes it has a preposition-
you sit with me? No!
Insert Intransitive Verbs in spaces.
sweetly. The wind frightfully. The horse
magnificently. He beautifully. She prettily. The soul high. Mary
rapidly. The squatter freely. Annie
fondly on me. Fruit in summer. Steamboats by steam. The stream - over the garden. Tom through the opening in the hedge. Annabella
in the omnibus. Jessie with her. I - hard.
TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE.
The same Verb
be used either Transitively or Intransitively.
Some verbs are either one or other,
The second burn, burns in the torch,
Transitive. Bell recovered slowly.
Bill recovered the money. Fruit ripens by heat. Heat ripens the fruit. The steel rusted from damp. Damp rusts metal. His wrath cooled quickly. His kindness cooled my Water boils by heat.
wrath. John ran to me.
The cook boiled the He dismounted from the potatoes. horse.
He ran a race too. The ship floated nicely. He dismounted my brother. It floats over the waves. They floated the ship.
THE MOOD OR MODE.
The INDICATIVE Mood simply declares a thing.
*Verb's Voices you have understood,
THE POTENTIAL MOOD.
The Potential Mood implies power, possibility, liberty, compulsion, will, or obligation.
* The Passive Voice will be explained after the verb To BE, being so closely connected with that verb.