## Statistical Physics, Volume 5Elementary college physics course for students majoring in science and engineering. |

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Page 224

Chapter 6 Canonical Distribution in the

distribution (4.49) represents a simple result of fundamental importance and

exceedingly great practical utility. As we showed in Chap. 4, it can be applied

directly ...

Chapter 6 Canonical Distribution in the

**Classical**Approximation The canonicaldistribution (4.49) represents a simple result of fundamental importance and

exceedingly great practical utility. As we showed in Chap. 4, it can be applied

directly ...

Page 225

are discrete rather than continuous then becomes relatively unimportant and a

from these comments is that a

are discrete rather than continuous then becomes relatively unimportant and a

**classical**description might become possible. The definite conclusion emergingfrom these comments is that a

**classical**description cannot be valid if kT 3 AE.Page 226

6.1

-dimensional phase space of the preceding figure is here shown subdivided into

equal cells of “volume” 6q ąp = ho. ble if the minimum significant

6.1

**Classical**phase space for a single particle in one dimension. Fig. 6.2 The two-dimensional phase space of the preceding figure is here shown subdivided into

equal cells of “volume” 6q ąp = ho. ble if the minimum significant

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### Contents

Characteristic Features of Macroscopic Systems | 1 |

A I | 2 |

I | 6 |

Copyright | |

26 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

absolute temperature absorbed accessible approximation assume atoms average Avogadro's calculate classical collision Consider constant container corresponding cules denote discussion distribution ensemble entropy equal equilibrium situation equipartition theorem example exchange energy expression external parameters fluctuations function given heat capacity heat Q heat reservoir Hence ideal gas initial internal energy interval isolated system kinetic energy large number left half liquid ln Q macroscopic parameters macroscopic system macrostate magnetic field magnetic moment magnitude mass mean energy mean number mean pressure mean value measured mechanics mole molecular momentum number of molecules occur oscillator particle particular partition phase space piston position possible values Prob quantity quantum numbers quasi-static random relation result simply solid specific heat spin system statistical statistical ensemble statistically independent Suppose thermal contact thermal interaction thermally insulated thermometer tion total energy total magnetic total number unit volume velocity