## Statistical Physics, Volume 5Elementary college physics course for students majoring in science and engineering. |

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Page 39

(not the “absolute temperature”) measured with a particular

one of its macroscopic parameters changes when the system M absorbs or gives

off ...

(not the “absolute temperature”) measured with a particular

**thermometer**. By a**thermometer**we mean any small macroscopic system M arranged so that onlyone of its macroscopic parameters changes when the system M absorbs or gives

off ...

Page 150

"I Measure level difference brought to this height Constant-volume gas

Constant-pressure gas

pressure gas ...

"I Measure level difference brought to this height Constant-volume gas

**thermometer**difference is kept constant Measure-- height of mercury levelConstant-pressure gas

**thermometer**Fig. 4.4 Constant-volume and constant-pressure gas ...

Page 151

A

contact with the systems under test, call them A and B, and is allowed to come to

equilibrium with each. (i) Suppose that the thermometric parameter 6 of M (e.g., ...

A

**thermometer**M is used in the following way. It is successively placed in thermalcontact with the systems under test, call them A and B, and is allowed to come to

equilibrium with each. (i) Suppose that the thermometric parameter 6 of M (e.g., ...

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### Contents

Characteristic Features of Macroscopic Systems | 1 |

A I | 2 |

I | 6 |

Copyright | |

26 other sections not shown

### Common terms and phrases

absolute temperature absorbed accessible approximation assume atoms average Avogadro's calculate classical collision Consider constant container corresponding cules denote discussion distribution ensemble entropy equal equilibrium situation equipartition theorem example exchange energy expression external parameters fluctuations function given heat capacity heat Q heat reservoir Hence ideal gas initial internal energy interval isolated system kinetic energy large number left half liquid ln Q macroscopic parameters macroscopic system macrostate magnetic field magnetic moment magnitude mass mean energy mean number mean pressure mean value measured mechanics mole molecular momentum number of molecules occur oscillator particle particular partition phase space piston position possible values Prob quantity quantum numbers quasi-static random relation result simply solid specific heat spin system statistical statistical ensemble statistically independent Suppose thermal contact thermal interaction thermally insulated thermometer tion total energy total magnetic total number unit volume velocity