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CONTENTS.

Preface,

11

BOOK I.

CHAPTER I.

The early Irish Church and State. The Milesians. — Druidism. –

St. Patrick. — The Apostolic Age. — The Danish Invasions. — Brian at Clontarf. — St. Malachi. — The Normans in Ireland. — The War of Races. — Irish Church in the Middle Ages.

19

CHAPTER II.

Henry VIII. of England elected King of Ireland. - Antecedents of this

Election. The Clergy not consulted. - The Chiefs canvassed individually. — After the Election. — Apostate Bishops. - Confiscation, Sacrilege, and Reformation.

30

CHAPTER III.

King Edward and Queen Mary. — Cranmer's Attempts to establish the

Reformation in Ireland. The first Catholic Insurrection. - Accession of Queen Mary. - Catholic Reaction. - Restoration of the Irish Bishops. - Death of Queen Mary. - State of Parties. . . . 46

CHAPTER IV.

The Irish Catholic Strength at the Accession of Elizabeth. - Test

Oaths enacted. — First Catholic Confederacy. — The Insurrection of

the Desmonds. - Confiscation of Munster. — The First Martyrs. The Ulster Princes. - Second Catholic Confederation. - Alliance with Spain. - Battle of Kinsale.

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Stuarts succeed to the Throne. – Endowment of Trinity College.
Usher and O’Daniel. - Confiscation of Ulster. - .“ Recusant” Party.

- Charles I. — A new Persecution. — Strafford's Viceroyalty. Confiscation of Connaught. The School of Wards. The Solemn League and Covenant. .

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85

CHAPTER VI.

The Presbyterians and Puritans in Ireland. - Extermination their

Policy. — Ulster. Rising of 1641. — New Catholic Confederacy
founded by Rory O'Moore. — Oath of Confederation. — General
Insurrection. - Catholic Legislation. — Peters and Jerome. Owen
Roe O'Neil. — Ormond. - Cromwell in Ireland. - The Puritan Penal
Laws. — Death of Cromwell.

99

BOOK II.

CHAPTER 1.

Restoration of Charles II. - Act of Settlement. - Ormond's Attempt

to Gallicanize the Irish Church. Synod of 1666. — Lord Berkeley's Viceroyalty. - The New Test Act. — “The Popish Plot.” — Martyrdom of Primate Plunkett. Assassination of Count Redmond O'Hanlon.

· 139

CHAPTER II.

Accession of James II. — Talbot, Lord Deputy. — Irish Soldiers in

England. - Invasion of William III. — Irish Parliament of 1686.

“No Popery” Riots in London. in Ireland.

“ The Irish Night.” — The War

153

CHAPTER III.

Reign of William III. — Violation of the Treaty of Limerick. — Pro

scription of the Bishops and Clergy. — Further Confiscations of Catholic Property.

165

CHAPTER IV.

Queen Anne's Reign. — “Act to discourage the Growth of Popery."

Sir Toby Butler heard at the Bar of the Houses of Parliament. – His Character. Immense Emigration. — Priest Hunting. - Primate McMahon.

. 171

CHAPTER V.

Irish Catholics abroad. — Irish Colleges at Louvain, Paris, Rome, Lis

bon, &c. — Irish Soldiers in Foreign Service. — The Irish Brigade in France. - How their Reputation reacted on England.

191

CHAPTER VI.

The Jacobites and the Irish Catholics. — The Stuarts consulted at

Rome on the Appointment of Irish Bishops. — The Rapparees.
The Wandering Ministrels and “ Newsmen.”

206

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BOOK III.

CHAPTER I.

Irish-Parties in the Reign of George II.- .-" The Patriots." -" The

Castle Party.” — Increase of the Catholics. — Establishment of Charter Schools. — Swift's Portraits of the Protestant Prelates. — Battle of Culloden. Change of Catholics' Tactics.

215

CHAPTER II.

State of Ireland at the Accession of George III. — Publications on the

Catholic Question. - The Great Famine. - Catholic Committees for petitioning iament.- Proposed Relief Bill of 1762.- Rumored French Invasion.— Agrarianism. — Martyrdom of Father, Nicholas Sheehy and his Friends. — Spread of Secret Societies. — The Methodists in Ireland.

232

CHAPTER III.

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Second Catholic Committee formed. Concessions in 1774 and 1778.

Secession of “Lord Kenmare and the Sixty-Eight.” – John Keogh, Leader of the Catholics. — Management of the Committee. — Coöperation of Edmund Burke. General Discussion of Cath Principles in Ireland and England. - Arthur O'Leary. - Burke and Tone. - London Riots of 1780. — Irish Catholic Convention elected. - Their Delegates presented to George III., and demand Total Emancipation.- Relief Bill of 1793. - Political Reaction.

244

CHAPTER IV.

men.

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Maynooth College founded. — Union of Defenders and United Irish

Insurrection of 1798. Falsehoods concerning Catholics engaged in it. — Proposed Legislative Union. — Pitt and the Bishops. - The Act of Union; its Results on the Catholic Cause. . . . 278

CHAPTER V.

Catholic Question in the Imperial Parliament. — Pitt. — Fox. — Gren

ville. — Catholic Committee of 1805. — Its Dissolution. - Catholic Board formed. — Veto Controversy. — Dissolution of the Board. – Lethargy of the Catholics. — State of Ireland, A. D. 1820.

290

CHAPTER VI.

Visit of George IV. to Ireland. — The Catholic Question in Parlia

ment. — Formation of the Catholic Association. — Its Progress and Power. - The Catholics before Parliament in Person. — Foreign Sympathy ; Aid from the Irish in America. — The “Second Refor

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