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“ No Popery” Riots in London.
in Ireland.

The Irish Night.” — The War



Reign of William III. Violation of the Treaty of Limerick. - Pro

scription of the Bishops and Clergy. – Further Confiscations of Catholic Property.



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Queen Anne's Reign. — “Act to discourage the Growth of Popery."

- Sir Toby Butler heard at the Bar of the Houses of Parliament. — His Character. Immense Emigration. — Priest Hunting. — Primate McMahon.


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Irish Catholics abroad. — Irish Colleges at Louvain, Paris, Rome, Lis

bon, &c. — Irish Soldiers in Foreign Service. — The Irish Brigade in France. - How their Reputation reacted on England.



The Jacobites and the Irish Catholics. – The Stuarts consulted at

Rome on the Appointment of Irish Bishops. — The Rapparees.
The Wandering Ministrels and “ Newsmen."


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Irish Parties in the Reign of George II. — “The Patriots." — “The

Castle Party.” — Increase of the Catholics. — Establishment of
Charter Schools. - Swift's Portraits of the Protestant Prelates.
Battle of Culloden. - Change of Catholics' Tactics.


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State of Ireland at the Accession of George III. — Publications on the

Catholic Question. - The Great Famine. - Catholic Committees for petitioning iament.- Proposed Relief Bill of 1762.- Rumored French Invasion.— Agrarianism. — Martyrdom of Father, Nicholas Sheehy and his Friends. — Spread of Secret Societies. — The Methodists in Ireland.



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Second Catholic Committee formed. Concessions in 1774 and 1778.

Secession of “Lord Kenmare and the Sixty-Eight.” – John Keogh, Leader of the Catholics. — Management of the Committee. — Coöperation of Edmund Burke. General Discussion of Cath Principles in Ireland and England. - Arthur O'Leary. - Burke and Tone. - London Riots of 1780. — Irish Catholic Convention elected. - Their Delegates presented to George III., and demand Total Emancipation.- Relief Bill of 1793. - Political Reaction.




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Maynooth College founded. — Union of Defenders and United Irish

Insurrection of 1798. Falsehoods concerning Catholics engaged in it. — Proposed Legislative Union. — Pitt and the Bishops. - The Act of Union; its Results on the Catholic Cause. . . . 278


Catholic Question in the Imperial Parliament. — Pitt. — Fox. — Gren

ville. — Catholic Committee of 1805. — Its Dissolution. - Catholic Board formed. — Veto Controversy. — Dissolution of the Board. – Lethargy of the Catholics. — State of Ireland, A. D. 1820.



Visit of George IV. to Ireland. — The Catholic Question in Parlia

ment. — Formation of the Catholic Association. — Its Progress and Power. - The Catholics before Parliament in Person. — Foreign Sympathy ; Aid from the Irish in America. — The “Second Refor

mation.” General Catholic Controversy. — Advocates of Emancipation of the Press. — Election of O'Connell to Parliament. - Relief Bill of 1829. — Relations of the Church and “the Establishment," A. D. 1830. - Conclusion.



I The Civil and Military Articles of Limerick,

343 II. The Irish Lords' Protest against the Act “to confirm the Articles of Limerick,” A. D. 1702,

353 III. Petition and List of Delegates of the Catholics of Ireland, ; 354 IV. The Pope's Letter on the Subject of the Veto,

363 V. Carey's Analysis of the Alleged Massacre of 1641,


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Every sect of reformers known in the British empire has attempted to propagate itself in Ireland, and has failed. The Anglican church is as far from the hearts of that people as ever; the Presbyterian denomination has hardly retained the natural increase of its Scottish founders. In Ulster it still flourishes; but we must remember that it was transplanted in its maturity to that confiscated soil. It did not grow there; it has not spread beyond that privileged and exclusive province.

The Independents, planted by Cromwell; the Quakers, introduced by Penn; the Lutherans, endowed by William; the Huguenots, patronized by Anne and the Georges; the Methodists, organized by the Wesleys and Whitfield — all have been tried in Irish soil, and all have failed.

In Ireland, the crown has been for Protestantism; the legislature, the only university, the army and navy, all civil offices until, as it were, yesterday, have been reserved for the support of the Protestant interest." Not only all the privileges and all the forces have been on that side, but even sacred rights, such as freedom of worship, of education, and of proprietorship,- until the

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