Page images

Proposed Reforms and Extension from Wilhin—1877. In 1873, a Committee of the Hebdomadal Council was appointed to consider the questions connected with the extension and better endow. ment of the Professoriate; and in May, 1877, the Council prepared for the consideration of Convocation a statement of the requirements of the University, based upon the inquiries of this and other committees, both as to buildings and teachers.

As regards public teaching, the Council are of opinion-1. That it is desirable that a class of Readers should be established in addition to Professors. 2. That such Readerships should be tenable with College tutorships and lectureships. 3. That the emoluments of a Reader should not be less than £400 a year. 4. That a Reader should reside during three terms of not less than eight weeks each, and should give not less than sixteen lectures in each term, except for special reasons to be approved by the Vice-Chancellor. 5. That a Reader should give private instruction five hours a week during his residence, and hold exam. inations in the subjects of his lectures. 6. That a Reader should hold his office for seven years, and should be re-eligible.

In the departments connected with the School of Literæ Humaniores, the Council recommend the establishment of–1. Two Readerships in Philosophy. 2. An additional Professorship and an additional Readership in Ancient History. 3. An additional Professorship of the Classical Languages. 4. Four Readerships in Classical Subjects. 5. A Professorship of Classical Archæology.

In the department of Modern History, the Council recommend the establishment of–1. A Professorship of Indian History. 2. A Professorship of English Literature. 3. Two Readerships in Model History, and a Readership in Political Economy. 4. The appointment of an occasional Reader in Northern An. tiquities. The Council recommend that, considering the probability of a further development of the study of Modern History in the University, particular attention should be paid in this department to the expediency of making additional provision for strengthening the staff of Professors and Readers, and for the appointinent of Professors extraordinary.

In the department of Jurisprudence, having in view the needs of the Faculty of Law, as well as those of the Honor School of Jurisprudence, the Council recommend the establishment of-1. A Professorship of Oriental, and specially Indian, Law. 2. Two or more Readerships, one of which should be in Roman Law, and one in English Law. They also recommend, in the case of the Law Professors, that residence should be required so soon as their chairs shall have been adequately endowed; but they think that measures should be taken to secure the services of lecturers, not necessarily resident, in addition to the resident Professors and Readers.

In the department of Mathematics, the Council recommend the establishment of-1. An additional Professorship of Pure Mathematics, and two Readerships. 2. An additional Professorship of Applied Mathematics, and two Readerships.

In regard to the department of Natural Science, the Council consider that the following Professorships are required for the subject of Biology :-(a) Botany, (5) human and comparative vertebrate anatomy, (c) invertebrate anatomy, (d) physiology and hygiene, (e) the Regius and Clinical Professorships of Medicine to remain, but restrictions upon the choice of persons as Professors to be removed. To satisfy this requirement, the establishment of one new Chair and some rearrangement of the existing Professorships would be necessary. That from time to time a person should be appointed as an Extraordinary Professor to deliver lectures upon the Anthropological collection.

They recommend the ultimate appointment of a second Professor of Physics, with the requisite laboratories and apparatus, and meanwhile additional demon. strators. They also advise a Professorship of Mechanics and Engineering, a second Professorship of Chemistry, with suitable laboratories, apparatus, and assistants, and one assistant or demonstrator in permanent charge of the Geo. logical collections under the direction of the Professor of Geology.

As to Oriental languages, the Council recommend-1. That a new Professor

ship or Readership in some branch of Semitic learning should be established. 2. That the subjects of Arabic, Syriac, and Persian should be assigned to the two Arabic Chairs. 3. That there should be an occasional Readership in Ethiopic. 4. That Professors should be appointed from time to time, as opportunity may offer, for the study and teaching of the languages and antiquities of Assyria and Egypt, such appointments to be for life, but the Professorships to be terminable on each vacancy.

For teaching Indian subjects the Council recommend-1. That there should be a teacher of Telugu, not necessarily resident, but who might come to read with his pupils once or twice a week. 2. That there should be a reader of In. dian Law, unless the Professorship of Oriental, and specially Indian, Law, recommended under the head of Jurisprudence, be established. 3. That there should be a Professor of Persian, unless one of the Professors of Arabic under take that subject.

New Mode of Appointing Professors and Readers. The Council recommend that Boards should be constituted for the appointment of the Professors and Readers. Each of these electing Boards might comprise (1) the Vice-chancellor; (2 and 3) Two Members of Convocation chosen for a term of years, one by Congregation and one by the Hebdomadal Council, and serving on all Boards connected with some one department of study ; (4) a Professor deputed on the occasion of each election by the Professors and Readers in the department; (5) a person occupying an eminent official position in connection with literature or science outside the University -e.g., a Professor in pari materià in the University of Cambridge, or, in the case of Natural Science, the President of one of the learned societies. In the case of any Professorship, of which the endowment is wholly or mainly supplied by any College, it will probably be convenient that the College should be represented on the electing Board.

Special Professorships for Life or Term of Years. The Council further recommend that, in the interests of learning and science, a fund should be formed and placed under the control of a small Board; that this Board should have power to assign Professorships for life or for a term of years to persons who have obtained eminence, or wlio are obtaining eminence, in particular branches of study, whether such branches of study are or are not recognized in the University; and that the Professorships thus specially created should, as a general rule, terminate with the tenure of the persons for whom they were created. Out of this fund also persons of high literary or scientific eminence might be remunerated for occasional lectures or courses of lectures. Lastly, out of this fund special grants might be made for longer or shorter periods, to promote original research in any branch of literature or science. The Council suggest that the Board for these purposes should consist of five persons-viz., the Vice-Chancellor, two members of Convocation to be elected by Congregation, and two members of Convocation to be elected by the Council -the seats of the elected members to be vacated periodically.

In connection with these special Professorships, the Council recommend that retiring pensions should be provided for Professors who may become incapacitated by age, or continued illness, or deserve the same by eminent service; that vacancies in Life Professorships need not be filled if an appointment in some other subject should be deemed more desirable; that a Professor, in the interest of research or literary work, may appoint an (assistant) deputy to be paid by himself, to lecture in his stead for a period not to exceed two years; that Professors and Readers may be allowed to take fees, in augmentation or in place of salary, and that in Lent Term of each year, Professors and Readers should arrange a general plan for courses of lectures to be given by them in the Academical Year.

Wordsworth in 1820 (May 30), in his Ode to Oxford refers to Cambridge in no unfilial strain :

Ye sacred nurseries of blooming youth!
In whose collegiate shelter England's flowers
Expand, enjoying through their vernal hours
The air of liberty, the light of truth;
Much have ye suffered from Time's gnawing tooth,
Yet, O ye spires of Oxford ! domes and towers !
Gardens and groves! your presence overpowers
The soberness of reason; till, in sooth,
Transformed, and rushing on a bold exchange,
I slight my own belovéd Cam, to range
Where silver Isis leads my stripling feet;
Pace the long avenue, or glide adown
The stream like windings of that glorious street, -
An eager novice robed in fluttering gown!

Tax not the royal saint with vain expense,
With ill-matched aims the architect who planned-
Albeit laboring for a scanty band
of white robed scholars only—this immense
And glorious work of fine intelligence !
Give all thou canst: high Heaven rejects the lore
of nicely calculated less or more ;
So deemed the man who fashioned for the sense
These lofty pillars, spread that branching roof
Self-poised, and scooped into ten thousand cells,
Where light and shade repose, where music dwells
Lingering and wandering on as loth to die;
Like thoughts whose very sweetness yieldeth proof
That they were born for immortality.

They dreamt not of a perishable home
Who thus could build. Be mine, in hours of fear
Or groveling thought, to seek a refuge here;
Or through the aisles of Westminster to roam;
Where bubble's burst, and folly's dancing foam
Melts, if it cross the threshbold; where the wreath
Of awe-struck wisdom droops: or let my path
Lead to that younger pile, whose sky-like dome
Hath typified by reach of daring art
Infinity's embrace; whose guardian crest,
The silent cross, among the stars shall spread
As now, when she hath also seen her breast
Filled with mementos, satiate with its part
of grateful England's overflowing dead.

William Wordsworth.


I past beside the reverend walls,

In which of old I wore the gown;

I roved at randon through the town And saw the tumult of the halls;

And heard once more in college fanes

The storm their high built organs make,

And thunder-music, rolling shake The prophets, blazoned on the panes;

And caught once more the distant shout,

The measured pulse of racing oars

Among the willows; paced the shores And many a bridge, and all about

The same gray flats again, and felt

The same, but not the same; and last

Up that long walk of limes I past, To see the rooms in which he dwelte

Another name was on the door:

I lingered ; all within was noise

Of songs, and clapping hands, and boys That crashed the glass and beat the floor;

Where once we held debate, a band

Of youthful friends, on mind and art

And labor, and the changing mart, And all the frame-work of the land;

When one would aim an arrow fair,

But send it slackly from the string;

And one would pierce an outer ring, And one an inner, here and there;

And last the master-bowman, he

Would cleave the mark. A willing ear

We lent him. Who, but hung to hear The rapt oration flowing free

From point to point with power and grace,

And music in the bounds of law,

To those conclusions when we saw The God within him light his face,

And seem to lift the form, and glow

In azure orbits heavenly-wise ;

And over those ethereal eyes The bar of Michael Angelo.

TENNYSON. In Memoriam.

Ye fretted pinnacles, ye fanes sublime,
Ye towers that wear the mosssy vest of time;
Ye massy piles of old munificence,
At once the pride of learning and defense;
Ye cloisters pale, that, lengthening to the sight,
To contemplation, step by step, invite;
Ye high-arched walks, where oft the whispers clear
Of harps unseen have swept the poet's ear;
Ye temples dim, where pious duty pays
Her holy hymns of ever-echoing praise,
Lol your loved Isis, from the bordering vale,
With all a mother's fondness, bids you hail,
Hail, Oxford, haill of all that's good and great
Of all that's fair, the guardian and the seat;
Nurse of each brave pursnit, each generous aim,
By truth exalted to the throne of fame!
Like Greece in science and in liberty,
As Athens learned, as Lacedemon free!

Even now, confessed to my adoring eyes,
In awful ranks thy gifted sons arise.
Tuning to knightly tale his Britislı reeds,
Thy genuine bards immortal Chaucer leads:
His hoary head o'erlooks the gazing choir,
And beams on all around celestial fire.
With graceful step see Addison advance,
The sweetest child of Attic elegance :
See Chillingworth the depths of doubt explore,
And Selden ope the rolls of ancient lore:
To all but his beloved embrace denied,
See Locke lead Reason, his majestic bride :
See Hammond pierce Religion's golden mine,
And spread the treasured stores of truth divine.-T. Wharton.

I have a debt of my heart's own to thee,
School of my soull old lime and cloister shade!
Which I, strange suitor, should lament to see
Fully acquitted and exactly paid.
The first ripe taste of manhood's best delights,
Knowledge imbibed, while mind and heart agree,
In sweet belated talk on winter nights,
With friends whom growing time keeps dear to me;-
Such things I owe thee, and not only these :
I owe thee the far-beaconing memories
of the young dead, who, having crossed the tide
Of Life where it was narrow, deep, and clear,
Now cast their brightness from the farther side
On the dark-flowing hours I breast in fear.

Richard Monkton Milne-Lord Houghton.

ON REVISITING OXFORD. I never hear the sound of thy glad bells, Oxford ! and chime harmonious, but I say (Sighing to think how time has worn away), "Some spirit speaks in the sweet tone that swells, Heard after years of absence, from the vale Where Cherwell winds.' Most true it speaks the tale of days departed, and its voice recalls Hours of delight and hope in the gay tide Of life, and many friends now scattered wide By many fates. Peace be within thy walls !

William Lisle Bowles.


« PreviousContinue »