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Proposed Reforms and Extension from Within—1877. In 1873, a Committee of the Hebdomadal Council was appointed to consider the questions connected with the extension and better endow. ment of the Professoriate; and in May, 1877, the Council prepared for the consideration of Convocation a statement of the requirements of the University, based upon the inquiries of this and other committees, both as to buildings and teachers.
As regards public teaching, the Council are of opinion-1. That it is desirable that a class of Readers should be established in addition to Professors. 2. That such Readerships should be tenable with College tutorships and lectureships. 3. That the emoluments of a Reader should not be less than £400 a year. 4. That a Reader should reside during three terms of not less than eight weeks each, and should give not less than sixteen lectures in each term, except for special reasons to be approved by the Vice-Chancellor. 5. That a Reader should give private instruction tive hours a week during his residence, and hold exam. inations in the subjects of bis lectures. 6. That a Reader should hold his office for seven years, and should be re-eligible.
In the departments connected with the School of Literæ Humaniores, the Council recommend the establishment of–1. Two Readerships in Philosophy. 2. An additional Professorship and an additional Readership in Ancient History. 3. An additional Professorship of the Classical Languages. 4. Four Readerships in Classical Subjects. 5. A Professorship of Classical Archæology.
In the department of Modern History, the Council recommend the establishment of–1. A Professorship of Indian History. 2. A Professorship of English Literature. 3. Two Readerships in Modeh History, and a Readership in Political Economy. 4. The appointment of an occasional Reader in Northern An. tiquities. The Council recommend that, considering the probability of a further development of the study of Modern History in the University, particular attention should be paid in this department to the expediency of making additional provision for strengthening the staff of Professors and Readers, and for the appointinent of Professors extraordinary.
In the department of Jurisprudence, laving in view the needs of the Faculty of Law, as well as those of the Honor School of Jurisprudence, the Council recommend the establishment of–1. A Professorship of Oriental, and specially Indian, Law, 2. Two or more Readerships, one of which should be in Roman Law, and one in English Law. They also recommend, in the case of the Law Professors, that residence should be required so soon as their chairs shall have been adequately endowed; but they think that measures should be taken to secure the services of lecturers, not necessarily resident, in addition to the resident Professors and Readers.
In the department of Mathematics, the Council recommend the establishment of-1. An additional Professorship of Pure Mathematics, and two Readerships. 2. An additional Professorship of Applied Mathematics, and two Readerships.
In regard to the department of Natural Science, the Council consider that the following Professorships are required for the subject of Biology :-(a) Botany, (b) human and comparative vertebrate anatomy, (c) invertebrate anatomy, (d) physiology and hygiene, (e) the Regius and Clinical Professorships of Medicine to remain, but restrictions upon the choice of persons as Professors to be removed. To satisfy this requirement, the establishment of one new Chair and some rearrangement of the existing Professorships would be necessary. That from time to time a person should be appointed as an Extraordinary Professor to deliver lectures upon the Anthropological collection.
They recommend the ultimate appointment of a second Professor of Physics, with the requisite laboratories and apparatus, and meanwhile additional demonstrators. They also advise a Professorship of Mechanics and Engineering, a second Professorship of Chemistry, with suitable laboratories, apparatus, and assistants, and one assistant or demonstrator in permanent charge of the Geo logical collections under the direction of the Professor of Geology.
As to Oriental languages, the Council recommend—1. That a new Professor
ship or Readership in some branch of Semitic learning should be established. 2. That the subjects of Arabic, Syriac, and Persian should be assigned to the two Arabic Chairs. 3. That there should be an occasional Readership in Ethiopic. 4. That Professors should be appointed from time to time, as opportunity may offer, for the study and teaching of the languages and antiquities of Assyria and Egypt, such appointments to be for life, but the Professorships to be terminable on each vacancy.
For teaching Indian subjects the Council recommend-1. That there should be a teacher of Telugu, not necessarily resident, but who might come to read with his pupils once or twice a week. 2. That there should be a reader of In. dian Law, unless the Professorship of Oriental, and specially Indian, Law, recommended under the head of Jurisprudence, be established. 3. That there should be a Professor of Persian, unless one of the Professors of Arabic undertake that subject.
New Mode of Appointing Professors and Readers. The Council recommend that Boards should be constituted for the appointment of the Professors and Readers. Each of these electing Boards might comprise (1) the Vice-chancellor; (2 and 3) Two Members of Convocation chosen for a term of years, one by Congregation and one by the Hebdomadal Council, and serving on all Boards connected with some one department of study; (4) a Professor deputed on the occasion of each election by the Professors and Readers in the department; (5) a person occupying an eminent official position in connection with literature or science outside the University -e.g., a Professor in pari materiâ in the University of Cambridge, or, in the case of Natural Science, the President of one of the learned societies. In the case of any Professorship, of which the endowment is wholly or mainly supplied by any College, it will probably be convenient that the College should be represented on the electing Board.
Special Professorships for Life or Term of Years. The Council further recommend that, in the interests of learning and science, a fund should be formed and placed under the control of a small Board ; that this Board should have power to assign Professorships for life or for a term of years to persons who have obtained eminence, or who are obtaining eminence, in particular branches of study, whether such branches of study are or are not recognized in the University; and that the Professorships thus specially created should, as a general rule, terminate with the tenure of the persons for whom they were created. Out of this fund also persons of high literary or scientific eminence might be remunerated for occasional lectures or courses of lectures. Lastly, out of this fund special grants might be made for longer or shorter periods, to promote original research in any branch of literature or science. The Council suggest that the Board for these purposes should consist of five persons—viz., the Vice-Chancellor, two members of Convocation to be elected by Congregation, and two members of Convocation to be elected by the Council -the seats of the elected members to be vacated periodically.
In connection with these special Professorships, the Council recommend that retiring pensions should be provided for Professors who may become incapacitated by age, or continued illness, or deserve the same by eminent service; that vacancies in Life Professorships need not be filled if an appointment in some other subject should be deemed more desirable; that a Professor, in the interest of research or literary work, may appoint an (assistant) deputy to be paid by himself, to lecture in his stead for a period not to exceed two years; that Professors and Readers may be allowed to take fees, in augmentation or in place of salary, and that in Lent Term of each year, Professors and Readers should arrange a general plan for courses of lectures to be given by them in the Aca. demical Year.
Wordsworth in 1820 (May 30), in his Ode to Oxford refers to Cambridge in no unfilial strain :
Ye sacred nurseries of blooming youth!
SONNET-KING'S COLLEGE CHAPEL, CAMBRIDGE.
KING'S COLLEGE CHAPEL.
They dreamt not of a perishable home
LINES ON REVISITING TRINITY COLLEGE.
I past beside the reverend walls,
In which of old I wore the gown;
I roved at randon through the town And saw the tumult of the lialls;
And heard once more in college fanes
The storm their high built organs make,
And thunder-music, rolling shake The prophets, blazoned on the panes;
And caught once more the distant shout,
The measured pulse of racing oars
Among the willows; paced the shores And many a bridge, and all about
The same gray flats again, and felt
The same, but not the same; and last
Up that long walk of limes I past, To see the rooms in which he dwelte
Another name was on the door:
I lingered; all within was noise
Of songs, and clapping hands, and boys That crashed the glass and beat the floor;
Where once we held debate, a band
Of youthful friends, on mind and art
And labor, and the changing mart, And all the frame-work of the land;
When one would aim an arrow fair,
But send it slackly from the string;
And one would pierce an outer ring, And one an inner, here and there;
And last the master bowman, he
Would cleave the mark. A willing ear
We lent him. Who, but hung to hear The rapt oration flowing free
From point to point with power and grace,
And music in the bounds of law,
To those conclusions when we saw The God within him light his face,
And seem to lift the form, and glow
Iu azure orbits heavenly-wise ;
And over those ethereal eyes The bar of Michael Angelo.
TENNYSON. In Memoriam.
Ye fretted pinnacles, ye fanes sublime,
Even now, confessed to my adoring eyes,
ON REVISITING TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.
Richard Monkton Milne-Lord Houghton.
ON REVISITING OXFORD.
William Lisle Bowles.