« PreviousContinue »
few leading sentiments are all that can be admitted here
One of the best supports, which the recommendation of this study can receive, in small compass, may be derived from the following sentiments of an emment and candid writer* on language and composition, “ All, that regards the study of com
position, merits the higher attention upon this account, that is it is intimately connected with the improvement of our inteldo lectual powers. For I must be allowed to say, that when we " are employed, after a proper manner, in the study of compo
sition, we are cultivating the understanding itself. The study " of arranging and expressing our thoughts with propriety,
teaches to think, as well as to speak, accurately."
BEFORE the close of this Introduction, it may not be superAuous to observe, that the author of the following work has no interest in it, but that which arises from the hope, that it will prove of some advantage to young persons, and relieve the labours of those who are employed in their education. He wishes
mere and ers, ngs
to promote, in some degree, the cause of virtue, as well as of learning; and, with this view, he has been studious, through the whole of the work, not only to avoid every example and illus-tration, which might have an improper effect on the minds of pouth ; but also to introduce, on many occasions, such as have a moral and religious tendency. His attention to objects of so much importance will, he trusts, meet the approbation of every well-disposed reader. If they were faithfully regarded in all books of education, they would doubtless contribute very materially to the order and happiness of society, by guarding the it. docence, and cherishing the virtue of the rising generation.
Holdgate, near York, 1795..
lam he ese,
his ing med
The eighth edition of this grammar received considerable alterations and additions : but works of this nature admit of repeated improvements; and are, perhaps, never complete. The author, solicitous to render his book more worthy of the encouraging approbation bestowed op it by the public, has again revised the work with care and attention. The new edition, he hopes will be found much improved. The additions, which are very considerable, are, chiefly, such as are calculated to expand the learner's views of the subject; to obviate objections ; and to render the study of grammar both easy and interesting. This edition contafns also a new and enlarged system of parsing ; copious lists of nouns arranged according to their gender and number; and many notes and observations, which serve to extend, or to explain, particular rules and positions.*
* The author conceives that the occasional strictures, dispersed through the book, and intended to illustrate and support a number of important grammatical points, will not, to young persons of ingenuity, appear to be dry and useless discussions. He is persuaded that, by such persons, they will be read with attention. And he presumes that these strictures will gratify their curiosity, stimulate application, and give solidity and permanence to their grammatical knowledge:- In the Octavo edin tion of the grammar, the reader will find many additional discussions of this nature.
Haldgate, near York, 1804.
The writer is sensible that, after all his endeavours to elucidate the principles of the work, there are few of the divisions, arrangements, definitions, or rules, against which critical ingenuity cannot devise plausible objections. The subject is attended with so much intricacy, and admits of views so various, that it was not possible to render every part of it unexceptionable ; :or to accommodate the work, in all respects, to the opinions and prepossessions of every grammarian and teacher. If the author has adopted that system which, on the whole, is best suited to the nature of the subject, and conformable to the sentiments of the most judicious grammarians ; if his reasonings and illustrations, respecting particular points, are founded on just principles, and the peculiarities of the English language; he has, perhaps, done all that could reasonably be expected in a work of this nature ; and he may warrantably indulge a hope, that the book will be still more extensively approved and circulated.
13 2. General observations on the sounds of the letters.
21 3. The nature of articulation explained. 32 CHAP. 2.
Of syllables, and the rules for arrang-
35 CHAP.3. Of words in general, and the rules for spelling them.
PART II. ETYMOLOGY. CHAP. 1. A general view of the parts of speech. 41 CHAP.
2. Of the articles. CHAP. 3.
53 CHAP. 4.
56 2. Remarks on the subject of comparison. 59 CHAP. 5.
60 2. Of relative pronouns.
62 3. Of the adjective pronouns.
CHAP. 1 CHAP. 2. CHAP 3. CHAP. 4. CHẠP. 5.
of the comma. •
exclamation, capitals, &c.
258 264 265 206
BULES AND OBSERVATIONS FOR PROMOTING PERSPICUITY
AND ACCURACY IN WRITING.
PART I. Of perspicuity and accuracy of expression, with respect to
single words and phrases. CHAP. 1.
274 RAP. 2. Of propriety
275 GIÁP. 3, of precision.
282 PART II. of perspicuity and accuracy of expression, with respect to
the construction of sentences. CRAP. 1.. Of the clearness of a sentence.
287 CHAP. 2. Of the unity of a sentence.
293 CHAP. 3. Of the strength of a sentence. .
297 CHAP. 4. Of figures of speech. .
ADDRESS TO YOUNG STUDENTS.