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Examples in Familiar Style,

296

Examples in “ Middle” Style,

298

Examples in Elevated Style,

299

Didactic Passages,

303

Examples in Oral and Parabolic Style,

304

Examples from the Epistles,

306

Passages from the Prophetic Writings,

Lyric Passages,

311

THE READING OF Hymns,

312

Examples of Solemnity and Awe,

319

Grandeur, Majesty, and Power,

320

Repose, Tranquillity, and Serenity,

324

Joy, Praise, and Triumph,

325

Pathos, Entreaty, and Supplication,

333

Varied “ Expression,”

337

Didactic Sentiment,

342

THE PRINCIPLES OF GESTURE,

346

The Attitude of the Body, required for Public Speaking, . 354

The Character of Oratorical Action,

359

MISCELLANEOUS EXERCISES IN READING AND SPEAKING, 369

English Oratory. — Addison,

369

Pulpit Eloquence of England. - Sydney Smith,

371

Eloquence of the Pulpit. - John Quincy Adams,

374

The Fatal Falsehood. – Mrs. Opie,

375

Musings on the Grave. - Washington Irving, .

378

The Grave. James Montgomery,

380

The Gallican Church, at the Period of the Revolution. - Croly, 382

Night. - James Montgomery,

384

The Land of Beulah. – G. B. Cheever,

385

Life's Companions. - Charles Mackay,

388

Henry Martyn. - Macaulay,

390

“Ora atque Labora!” - Albert Pike,

394

The Field of Battle. - Robert Hall,

395

"Not on the Battle Field.”—John Pierpont,

397

Religious Principle the Vital Element of Poetry.-Carlyle, . 399

Emblems. - James Montgomery, ·

403

The Sun's Eclipse (July 8, 1842). - Horace Smith,

404

On a Survey of the Heavens, before Daybreak. - H. K. White, 407

The Crowded Street. -

W. C. Bryant,

409

Robert Hall. - Anon.,

410

The Millennium Era.-s. T. Coleridge,

412

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PRELIMINARY HINTS

ON MODES OF PERSONAL TRAINING,

IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE USE OF THIS VOLUME.

INDIVIDUALS who have not convenient access to instruction, and are desirous of prosecuting the study and practice of elocution, as a matter of self-cultivation, may be aided by the following suggestions.

1. The preliminary condition to success in the cultivation of any branch of practical oratory, is a healthy condition of the bodily frame. Elocution, as the exterior part of eloquence, is altogether dependent on the vigor and flexibility of the muscular system. Flaccid, rigid, and clumsy muscles render expression by voice and action impracticable. Muscular energy and pliancy demand habits of free exposure to the open air, and the vigorous use of the arms and limbs, in daily exertions of adequate force.

No man can be effectively eloquent without energy; and the attain. ing of energy is, to the student and the sedentary man, a thing compare atively arduous. Several hours not one, merely — of every day, are due to the renovation of the body; and the student who tries to evade this condition, although he may do well, apparently, for a few years, usually sinks into debility, or contracts a decided perhaps a fatal bronchial affection. The sedentary man who is, at the same time, & public speaker, needs a double allowance of air end exercise, to counteract the injurious tendency of the union of two modes of life naturally incompatible. The nervous excitation, and the cerebral exhileration, arising from continued intellectual action, - by the deceptive inspiration which they impart, -often lead the student to slight physical exercise, as a thing unnecessary. A few years, — sometimes even a few months, are sufficient to undeceive the individual, and disclose all the accumulation of unsuspected injury to which he had been subjecting himself. The student is ever prone to forget that the body is a machine designed for action, and one which he is bound to keep in use, and so to keep in repair,

— under a penalty not less severe than is attached to a desecration. The statistics of elocution, however, if faithfully recorded, would not show a result, usually, of one sound voice in ten, among young men who are adieted to sedentary and studious habits.

An individual who wishes to acquire or retain the power of speaking or reading with true effect, must, in the first instance, be willing to as. sign a considerable portion of every day to invigorating exercise and exposure.

2. It is, farther, an indispensable prerequisite to effective elocution that the student accustom himself to activity, as a habit both of body and mind. Expression, in elocutionary forms, is action: it is a thing utterly

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