« PreviousContinue »
HINTS ON THE MODES OF PRACTICE IN THE USE OF THIS VOLUME,
INTRODUCTORY OBSERVATIONS ON THE STUDY OF Elocution, 13
The Elocution of the Pulpit. By thc Rev. Dr. Edwards A. Park, 14
The Study of Elocution an important part of the Preparation re-
quired by the Public Duties of the Ministry. By the Rev.
Edward N. Kirk,
Elocution, as a department of Preparatory Study in Theology, 29
EFFECTS OF MANNER IN THE ELOCUTION OF THE PULPIT,
Animation and Dulness,
Earnestness and Apathy,
Gentleness, Spirit, Tameness,
The Cultivation of Force,
Modes of Cultivating Force,
Modes of Subduing Excessive Vehemence, ,
Freedom; Constraint, Reserve,
Variety, Monotony, :
Mannerism, Adaptation, Appropriateness,
Individuality of Manner,
Formality, Primness, Rigidity,
Propriety of Manner,
Warmth of Manner,
Serenity of Manner,
True and Natural Manner,
Refinement and Gracefulness,
False Taste, Artificial Style,
Adaptation of Manner to the Different Parts of a Discourse, 124
Manner in Devotion,
PRINCIPLES OF ELOCUTION,
T'he Caltivation of the Voice: its Capability, ·
Neglect of Vocal Culture
Remedies for Defective culture,
Effects of Due Cultivation,
on the “ Quality” of the Voice,
Force and “Stress."
Rhythm” and Pausing,
ELEMENTARY EXERCISES FOR THE VOICE,
The Fundamental Sounds of the English Language,
Exercises in “ Quality,”
“ Orotund Quality,"
Pathos and Sublimity,
Repose, Solemnity, and Sublimity, .
Solemnity. Sublimity, and Pathos,
Energy and Sublimity,
Joy and Sublimity,
Awe and Sublimity,
EXERCISES IN FORCE,
EXERCISES IN “STRESS,”
Empassioned “Radical Stress,"
Unempassioned “Radical Stress,”.
" Median Stress,"
EXERCISES IN Pitch,
Low Pitch, .
Lowest Pitch, .
EXERCISES IN INFLECTION,
Vivid or Earnest Inflection,
EXERCISES IN “MOVEMENT,"
EXERCISES IN RHYTHM,"
Verse, or Metrical Accent,
EXERCISES IN EMPHASIS,
EXERCISES IN “EXPRESSION,"
Awe and Fear,
Awe, Solemnity, and Tranquillity,
Solemnity and Reverence,
Deep and uncontrolled Grief,
Deep and subdued Grief,
Patience and Contrition,
Regret, Repentance, and Shame,
Remorse, Self-reproach, Horror, and Despair,
Composure Serenity, and Complacency,
EXERCISES IN “ VARIATION,"
“ Invocation of Light.” — Milton,
Soliloquy of Satan.” — Milton,
"The Dying Christian.” — Pope,
" The Enterprise of the Pilgrim Fathers of N. E." - E. Everett, 285
READING OF THE SCRIPTURES,
Examples in Familiar Style,
Examples in “ Middle” Style,
Examples in Elevated Style,
Examples in Oral and Parabolic Style,
Examples from the Epistles,
Passages from the Prophetic Writings,
THE READING OF Hymns,
Examples of Solemnity and Awe,
Grandeur, Majesty, and Power,
Repose, Tranquillity, and Serenity,
Joy, Praise, and Triumph,
Pathos, Entreaty, and Supplication,
Varied “ Expression,”
THE PRINCIPLES OF GESTURE,
The Attitude of the Body, required for Public Speaking, . 354
The Character of Oratorical Action,
MISCELLANEOUS EXERCISES IN READING AND SPEAKING, 369
English Oratory. — Addison,
Pulpit Eloquence of England. - Sydney Smith,
Eloquence of the Pulpit. - John Quincy Adams,
The Fatal Falsehood. – Mrs. Opie,
Musings on the Grave. - Washington Irving, .
The Grave. — James Montgomery,
The Gallican Church, at the Period of the Revolution. - Croly, 382
Night. - James Montgomery,
The Land of Beulah. – G. B. Cheever,
Life's Companions. - Charles Mackay,
Henry Martyn. - Macaulay,
“Ora atque Labora!” - Albert Pike,
The Field of Battle. - Robert Hall,
"Not on the Battle Field.”—John Pierpont,
Religious Principle the Vital Element of Poetry.-Carlyle, . 399
Emblems. - James Montgomery, ·
The Sun's Eclipse (July 8, 1842). - Horace Smith,
On a Survey of the Heavens, before Daybreak. - H. K. White, 407
The Crowded Street. -
W. C. Bryant,
Robert Hall. - Anon.,
The Millennium Era.-s. T. Coleridge,
ON MODES OF PERSONAL TRAINING,
IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE USE OF THIS VOLUME.
INDIVIDUALS who have not convenient access to instruction, and are desirous of prosecuting the study and practice of elocution, as a matter of self-cultivation, may be aided by the following suggestions.
1. The preliminary condition to success in the cultivation of any branch of practical oratory, is a healthy condition of the bodily frame. Elocution, as the exterior part of eloquence, is altogether dependent on the vigor and flexibility of the muscular system. Flaccid, rigid, and clumsy muscles render expression by voice and action impracticable. Muscular energy and pliancy demand habits of free exposure to the open air, and the vigorous use of the arms and limbs, in daily exertions of adequate force.
No man can be effectively eloquent without energy; and the attain. ing of energy is, to the student and the sedentary man, a thing compare atively arduous. Several hours not one, merely — of every day, are due to the renovation of the body; and the student who tries to evade this condition, although he may do well, apparently, for a few years, usually sinks into debility, or contracts a decided perhaps a fatal bronchial affection. The sedentary man who is, at the same time, & public speaker, needs a double allowance of air end exercise, to counteract the injurious tendency of the union of two modes of life naturally incompatible. The nervous excitation, and the cerebral exhileration, arising from continued intellectual action, - by the deceptive inspiration which they impart, -often lead the student to slight physical exercise, as a thing unnecessary. A few years, — sometimes even a few months, are sufficient to undeceive the individual, and disclose all the accumulation of unsuspected injury to which he had been subjecting himself. The student is ever prone to forget that the body is a machine designed for action, and one which he is bound to keep in use, and so to keep in repair,
— under a penalty not less severe than is attached to a desecration. The statistics of elocution, however, if faithfully recorded, would not show a result, usually, of one sound voice in ten, among young men who are adieted to sedentary and studious habits.
An individual who wishes to acquire or retain the power of speaking or reading with true effect, must, in the first instance, be willing to as. sign a considerable portion of every day to invigorating exercise and exposure.
2. It is, farther, an indispensable prerequisite to effective elocution that the student accustom himself to activity, as a habit both of body and mind. Expression, in elocutionary forms, is action: it is a thing utterly