The Physics of Medical Imaging

Front Cover
CRC Press, Jan 1, 1988 - Science - 633 pages
The Physics of Medical Imaging reviews the scientific basis and physical principles underpinning imaging in medicine. It covers the major imaging methods of x-radiology, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and nuclear magnetic resonance, and considers promising new techniques. Following these reviews are several thematic chapters that cover the mathematics of medical imaging, image perception, computational requirements, and techniques. Throughout the book, the author encourages readers to consider key questions concerning imaging. This profusely illustrated and extensively indexed text is accessible to graduate physical scientists, advanced undergraduates, and research students. It logically complements books on applications of imaging techniques in medicine, making it useful for clinicians as well.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

IN THE BEGINNING
5
REFERENCES
14
DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY WITH XRAYS
18
22 THE IMAGING SYSTEM AND IMAGE FORMATION
19
23 PHOTON INTERACTIONS
21
24 IMPORTANT PHYSICAL PARAMETERS
24
25 XRAY TUBES
30
26 IMAGE RECEPTORS
38
85 RELAXATION PROCESSES AND THEIR MEASUREMENT
404
86 NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGE ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION
410
87 SPATIALLY LOCALISED SPECTROSCOPY
443
88 INSTRUMENTATION
463
89 NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SAFETY
472
REFERENCES
477
PHYSICAL ASPECTS OF INFRARED IMAGING
486
93 TRANSILLUMINATION
487

27 DIGITAL RADIOLOGY
64
REFERENCES
69
QUALITY ASSURANCE AND IMAGE IMPROVEMENT IN DIAGNOSTIC RADIOLOGY WITH XRAYS
72
33 SPECIFIC QUALITYASSURANCE TESTS
83
34 DATA COLLECTION AND PRESENTATION OF THE RESULTS
86
36 IMPROVEMENT IN RADIOGRAPHIC QUALITY
88
37 SCATTER REMOVAL
90
38 CONTRAST ENHANCEMENT
92
39 SUMMARY OF METHODS OF IMAGE ENHANCEMENT
94
REFERENCES
95
XRAY TRANSMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
96
42 THE PRINCIPLES OF SECTIONAL IMAGING
98
THE METHOD OF CONVOLUTION AND BACKPROJECTION
109
44 ITERATIVE METHODS OF RECONSTRUCTION
117
45 OTHER CONSIDERATIONS
119
46 APPENDIX
123
CLINICAL APPLICATIONS OF XRAY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN RADIOTHERAPY PLANNING
126
52 NONSTANDARD COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY SCANNERS
133
REFERENCES
138
THE PHYSICS OF RADIOISOTOPE IMAGING
140
62 RADIATION DETECTORS
141
63 RADIOISOTOPE IMAGING EQUIPMENT
145
64 RADIONUCLIDES FOR IMAGING
179
65 THE ROLE OF COMPUTERS IN RADIOISOTOPE IMAGING
191
66 STATIC AND DYNAMIC PLANAR SCINTIGRAPHY
202
67 EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
219
68 QUALITY CONTROL AND PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT OF RADIOISOTOPE IMAGING EQUIPMENT
243
69 CLINICAL APPLICATIONS OF RADIOISOTOPE IMAGING
254
REFERENCES
307
DIAGNOSTIC ULTRASOUND
317
72 BASIC PHYSICS
318
73 ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES OF ULTRASONIC IMAGING
335
74 CLINICAL APPLICATIONS AND BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF DIAGNOSTIC ULTRASOUND
363
75 RESEARCH TOPICS
375
REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING
384
SPATIALLY LOCALISED NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
387
82 THE DEVELOPMENT OF NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
388
83 PRINCIPLES OF NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
389
84 NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE PULSE SEQUENCES
400
95 LIQUIDCRYSTAL THERMOGRAPHY
503
96 MICROWAVE THERMOGRAPHY
504
IMAGING OF TISSUE ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE
507
102 TISSUE IMPEDANCE IMAGING
509
103 SUGGESTED CLINICAL APPLICATIONS OF APPLIED POTENTIAL TOMOGRAPHY
515
REFERENCES
520
IMAGING BY DIAPHANOGRAPHY
522
112 PHYSICAL BASIS OF TRANSILLUMINATION
523
113 EXPERIMENTAL ARRANGEMENTS
526
REFERENCES
530
THE MATHEMATICS OF IMAGE FORMATION AND IMAGE PROCESSING
532
122 THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OBJECT AND IMAGE
534
123 THE GENERAL IMAGE PROCESSING PROBLEM
537
124 DISCRETE FOURIER REPRESENTATION AND THE MODELS FOR IMAGING SYSTEMS
540
125 THE GENERAL THEORY OF IMAGE RESTORATION
543
126 IMAGE SAMPLING
547
127 TWO EXAMPLES OF IMAGE PROCESSING FROM MODERN CLINICAL PRACTICE
551
128 ITERATIVE IMAGE PROCESSING
557
129 APPENDIX
560
REFERENCES
563
PERCEPTION AND INTERPRETATION OF IMAGES
565
132 THE EYE AND BRAIN AS A STAGE IN AN IMAGING SYSTEM
567
133 SPATIAL AND CONTRAST RESOLUTION
569
134 PERCEPTION OF MOVING IMAGES
574
135 QUANTITATIVE MEASURES OF INVESTIGATIVE PERFORMANCE
576
REFERENCES
580
COMPUTER REQUIREMENTS OF IMAGING SYSTEMS
582
142 GENERATION AND TRANSFER OF IMAGES
583
143 PROCESSING SPEED
586
144 DISPLAY OF MEDICAL IMAGES
588
METHODOLOGY
591
CLINICAL APPLICATIONS
595
REFERENCES
600
EPILOGUE
602
152 THE IMPACT OF RADIATION HAZARD ON MEDICAL IMAGING PRACTICE
604
153 ATTRIBUTES AND RELATIVE ROLES OF IMAGING MODALITIES
608
REFERENCES
612
Index
615
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page vi - Organizations; regular meetings of Council are held every three years at the International Conference on Medical Physics (ICMP). The Officers of the Council are the President, the Vice-President and the Secretary-General. IOMP committees include: developing countries; education and training; nominating; and publications. Objectives • To organize international cooperation in medical physics in all its aspects, especially in developing countries. • To encourage and advise on the formation of national...
Page vi - Africa and South American regions. The administrative council of the IFMBE meets once a year and is the steering body for the IFMBE. The council is subject to the rulings of the General Assembly, which meets every three years. Information on the activities of the IFMBE are found on its web site at http://www.ifmbe.org.
Page 487 - Tanner, JE, Spin diffusion measurements: spin echoes in the presence of a timedependent field gradient, J.
Page v - The Medical Science Series is the official book series of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE) and the International Organization for Medical Physics (IOMP). IFMBE The IFMBE was established in 1959 to provide medical and biological engineering with an international presence. The Federation has a long history of encouraging and promoting international cooperation and collaboration in the use of technology for improving the health and life quality of man. The...
Page vi - Every three years the IFMBE holds a World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, organized in cooperation with the IOMP and the IUPESM. In addition, annual, milestone and regional conferences are organized in different regions of the world, such as Asia Pacific, Europe, the Nordic-Baltic and Mediterranean regions, Africa and Latin America.
Page 485 - New PFJ, Rosen BR, Brady TJ, et al. Potential hazards and artifacts of ferromagnetic and nonferromagnetic surgical and dental materials and devices in nuclear magnetic resonance imaging.
Page 487 - Fluorine-19 NMR spectroscopic studies of the metabolism of 5-fluorouracil in the liver of patients undergoing chemotherapy.