Marine biology: an ecological approach
Emphasizes the ecological principles that govern marine life throughout all environments within the world's oceans. Its unique ecological approach adds real-world relevance by exploring how organisms interact within their individual ecosystems. The book is organized by habitat and each habitat receives detailed, in-depth coverage, giving readers the flexibility to focus on their particular areas of interest. The Fifth Edition is fully updated with the latest research data and topics, including expanded coverage of the human impact on oceans, oceanic dead zones, and coral reefs. For marine biologists and marine ecologists.
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Chapter One INTRODUCTION TO THE MARINE
Some Ecological Principles
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abundant adaptations algae algal amount amphipods anemones animals areas associations Atlantic bacteria barnacles benthic biology body bottom burrow carnivores cells changes clams Cnidaria commensal communities consumed copepods coral reefs crabs crustaceans deep sea density deposit feeders depth detritus diatoms dinoflagellates dominant ecology ecosystems environment epipelagic estuary fauna feeding Figure fishery fishes fresh water grazing groups herbivores increased interstitial intertidal invertebrates kelp lagoon large numbers larvae layers light living low tide major mangrove marine mammals marine organisms marsh mesopelagic migrate mollusks nekton number of species nutrients occur ocean oxygen particles pattern pelagic percent Photo courtesy photophores photosynthesis phytoplankton plankton plants Plate polychaete population predators primary productivity reduced result rocky shores salinity salt sand beaches sea grass sea water sediment shallow water squids substrate symbiotic temperate temperature terrestrial trophic level tropical tuna urchins various vertical water column water mass wave action whales zonation zone zooplankton zooxanthellae