« PreviousContinue »
a public admission of its practical value, if we may be permitted to criticise our own performances, we have but little hesitation in saying that our “LADY'S EVERY-DAY BOOK" will be found equally useful, and a worthy companion to our former volume, and we confidently hope for it the same unbounded patronage.
LADY'S EVERY-DAY BOOK
ELEGANT ARTS AND DOMESTIC ECONOMY.
Hints for Hot Weather. The nu- plentifully diluted, and ærated waters, merous fatalities and sickness that at- are the only safe and suitable beverages tend hot weather, renders it important for summer temperature ; sulphuric to guard ourselves against it as much acid, lemonade, lime-juice, and similar as possible. The sun that ripens the preparations, are at once refreshing, and corn for our daily bread, and allures us excellent antidotes for diarrhoea, loss abroad by its brilliant beams, is, never- of appetite, and other disturbances of theless, fraught with our destruction the system caused by hot weather. if we expose ourselves too much to his Never open windows while the sun powerful rays.
shines on them, and the blinds should From 6 to 11 a.m. are the established be wetted, or, better still, a wet blanket hours of work in India, and those who be hung behind them. In this way can would find it conduce to their com- any room may be kept comparatively fort and health to adopt the same hours cool, especially those exposed to the for their labours during the prevalence rays of the sun. of almost Indian weather that July and A Alat vessel filled with water, on August are so constantly attended by. which are floated branches of trees Above all, the children should be care- covered with green leaves, is a very effifully looked after in hot weather ; they cacious and pleasant means of imparting should, as a rule, be allowed to sleep coolness to an apartment, and is much throughout the day, and take their ex- employed in Germany. ercise only in the morning and evening. The suspension of Indian matting, This caution may be more particularly previously damped, at the open window, recommended while on the accustomed tends much to diminish the heat. This sea-side visit. True, there may some- matting may be imitated by any kind times spring from over the sea a cool of plaited grass. refreshing breeze to those sporting on But the most important thing to ob. the sands, yet we admonish all that serve and watch is the temperature of they would be safer within doors while the body—we mean that we should be the sun's power is scorching up every very careful not to increase the heat of thing that comes in its fiery way. the blood by animal food, either fresh
Heat, too, stimulates thirst, and it is or seasoned, or by stimulating drinks. important to remember that all alcoho- Nothing could be more dangerous, and lic drinks and high feeding are great many deaths arise from the too prevaaids in hot weather in producing sick- lent practice of indulging in animal less and even sunstroke. Light wines, food and alcoholic drinks, during the
“ You see,”
hot seasons. It is opposed to the great 5. Let your speech be neither too physiological rule, which is to keep the loud nor too low, but adjusted to the body cool.
ear of your companion. Endeavour to Moderately acid drinks are both very prevent the necessity of the person you grateful and wholesome, and are, more- are speaking to crying “what do you over, cheap.
We learnt from Franklin a century 6. Avoid a loquacious propensity ; ago that the solar heat is absorbed you should never occupy more than with greater or less facility according your share of conversation, or more to the colour of the object exposed to than is agreeable to others. its rays. Every one remembers how 7. Beware of such vulgar interpolahe put pieces of cloth, similar in tex- tions as
“ You know,” ture and size, but different in colour, “ I'll tell you what.” upon fresh-fallen snow in the sunlight, 8. Learn when to use and when to and how he found the snow melted omit the aspirate h. This is an indisunder the pieces of cloth quickest when pensable mark of a lady's education. the cloth was black, less quickly under 9. Pay a strict regard to the rules the blue, green, purple, red, yellow, of grammar even in private conversain the order enumerated, and very tion. If you do not understand those slowly indeed under the white. rules learn them, whatever be your age
Each day's experience shows us that or station. we do not need to be made of snow 10. Though you should always conin order to melt rapidly under a black verse pleasantly, do not mix loud bursts dress. What we require for comfort of laughter with it. for summer wear is of course a light 12. Above all, let your conversation or white material, in order that the be intellectual, graceful, chaste, discreet, heat rays may be reflected as much and edifying and profitable. absorbed as little as possible.
Furs and Moths.-Ladies are very The material should be
porous- properly anxious about keeping their should imprison, that is, large quanti- furs free from moths during the sumties of air in its texture, and serve, mer months. A writer who may be therefore, as a very bad conductor of relied on, says darkness is all that is heat, while at the same time facilitat- needed. This little grey moth, or ing evaporation of the moisture from “ miller," which deposits the eggs, the surface of the body.
moves only in the light. Enclose the These qualities are possessed in the article loosely in a paper box, put this highest degree by white flannel, and in a pillow-case, or wrap it round with there is no reason that we can find, re- a cloth, and hang up in a dark closet. marks the Lancet, why this material Camphor, spices, or perfumes, are of no should not be generally adopted.
Continual darkness is sufficient. Propriety of Speech.-1. You must And do not take out the furs in June be quite as anxious to talk with pro- or July to give them an airing," for priety as you are to think, work, sing, even then cometh the enemy, and it paint, or write according to the most may be that in ten minutes after excorrect rules.
posure to the light and sun has de2. Always select words calculated to posited a hundred eggs in the article. convey an exact impression of your | If you consider an airing indispensable, meaning.
give the furs a good switching and put 3. Let your articulation be easy, them quickly back. clear, correct in accent, and suited in (We do not see why the old pretone and emphasis to your
discourse. ventives for keeping furs from moths, 4. Avoid a muttering, stuttering, such as camphor, &c., could not be guttural, or lisping pronunciation, persisted in combined with the dark
ness recommended by the writer we remain unaltered.—4. The water when have quoted from, and thus make twice boiled must not become turbid. 5. sure of preserving our furs from the About half a tablespoonful of the fluid ravages of the moths.]
being evaporated to dryness on the Best Treatment of Cough.-For spirit lamp, there must be a slight rea simple cough, we consider the fol- sidue left at the bottom of the spoon lowing treatment by Dr. Searle as the not turning black from organic matvery best :
ters.-5. The residue obtained by eva"A simple cough, attended with little porating to dryness a sample of the or no fever, is often relieved by the water in a porcelain cup upon the teaapplication of a mustard-plaster to the urn, must not become black on the chest. The mustard should be fresh addition of a solution of sulphuretted mixed with hot water as for the table, hydrogen. but a little more fluid, and spread upon Dry-Nursing.–Wherever it can be, a napkin about the size of a cheese- this evil practice should be avoided, plate, and then applied to the chest and as being dangerous to the health of windpipe, and kept on for ten or fifteen both mother and offspring. For no ininutes, or as long as it can be con- other reason than that of inability on veniently borne. If necessary it may the part of the mother to suckle her be repeated every evening ; immersing infant should the natural law be dethe feet and legs at the same time in parted from. But should a bad state hot water, and taking also a teaspoonful of health require it, and dry-nursing be of a mixture consisting of syrup of pop- decided on, it is essential to attend both pies, antimonial wine, and paregoric to the mode of administering the food, elixir, in the proportions of half an as well as its kind or quality. Alounce of the first, with a quarter of an though the fluid food of the infant does ounce of each of the others, every three not so much require the mixture of or four hours, according to the severity saliva to assist digestion, yet a degree of the cough ; abstaining at the same of mastication, which increases the How time from a stimulating or a too nour of this fluid, will usually be beneficial. ishing diet.
For this good reason, then, the boat “ These means will soon remove the should be discarded from the nursery cough : though it is often advisable to —the mode of feeding with which is follow them up for a few nights with most objectionable. The boat is rea pill of calomel and aloes, a grain plenished and laid on the tongue of the of each, in relief of the secondary de- infant; the food is poured on those rangements of the liver and associated parts of the throat, the irritability of organs, which constantly succeed to which immediately prompts them, in cold ; and from the neglect of which, self-defence, to the act of swallowing. though persons often get well of the The most judicious mode, because prominent affections of the chest, they the nearest approximation to the nipyet remain for a length of time after ple, is the sucking-bottle. In its use, wards valetudinary.
however, great cleanliness must be obTests of Pure Water.-The fol- served. The mouth of the bottle should lowing practical rules for testing the be covered with wash-leather, or the wholesomeness of water (says Dr. Mar- nipple of a young heifer, in which a cet) may be relied on :-1. The water small piece of sponge is placed, in imimust be perfectly colourless and trans- tation of the pores of the nipple, to parent, leaving no deposit when al- prevent too rapid a flow. The first is lowed to stand undisturbed.-2. It more easily kept clean ; but the semust be quite devoid of smell.—3. cond is the most acceptable to the child, When litmus paper is immersed in the and, indeed, more eligible, as it brings water, the colour of the paper must the necessity of constant cleansing ; it should be removed, and its sponge with-ation of the bowels termed the Weandrawn, after each supply to the in- ing Brash, which appears to be most fant, and kept in rose or distilled water, frequent in summer and autumn ; and with a few drops of spirits of wine, and in the male oftener than in the female re-applied when it is agaip used. infant.
Of the species of artifieial food, we This disorder does not always appear give preference to the Aylesbury Con- immediately on the commencement of densed Milk, a new preparation, but weaning. We have witnessed it five one that is fast supplanting all others weeks subsequently. It is marked by in the estimation of nurses and doctors. frequent evacuation from the bowels, When this is not attainable, let the and, occasionally, during the nausea, following preparation be used, which from the stomach.of mucous or green nearly resembles the milk of the mo- fluid, attended with pain. On this enther :—Fresh cow's milk, two-thirds, sue loss of appetite, wasting, fever, fretspring water, one-third ; well sweet- fulness; and, towards the termination, ened with loaf sugar, which is the least tumefaction of the limbs, stupor, and liable to acidify and cloy. One tea- convulsions. We would advise, if age spoonful of sugar is the right quantity and all other circumstances are favourto sweeten one pint of water, or milk. able, that weaning should be adopted It is the large proportion of sugar, the in the more temperate months-as bland and nutrient property of which March, April, May, and October. renders the milk of the mare and the Measles.—The earliest symptoms, ass so nearly resembling that of the commencing from ten to fourteen days mother, for which they are eligible sub- after exposure, are redness and tumestitutes.
faction, and water running from the After the first three months, milk eyes ; languor, sneezing, head-ache, inwith less water, or milk alone, should tolerance of light, dry cough, fever ; be given. The milk should not be on the fourth or fifth day the skin is sweetened until a few minutes before covered with small, slightly raised, red it is given to the baby, or it will turn spots, coalescing and forming red patches
Neither should it be warmed of a circular form, with often a few over a fire ; for when milk and water purple spots ; sometimes bleeding at are used, the warm water will make the the nose ; on the seventh or eighth day milk warm enough ; when milk is used the redness fades, the fever subsides, alone, it can be easily warmed by put- and the efflorescence terminates in scaly ting it into the feeding-bottle, and then exfoliation of the skin. putting the feeding-bottle into warm In the milder forms a gentle emetic, water. The milk should never be given if there be an accumulation of mucus more than lukewarm.
in the throat, a mild laxative occaWeaning.--After the ninth month, sionally, acidulated barley-water and if the child has cut three or four of its other simple fluids, cooling mixture, front teeth, and appears in good health, and a well-regulated temperature of the the process of weaning should not be room of about sixty degrees, are the delayed, the first period of childhood only essential rules to be observed. being then past. It is a process, it must Inflammatory symptoms, or severe rebe owned, of much importance, as its laxation of the bowels, require more results are often unfavourable to the scientific consideration. child ;-it is a renouncement of its The danger in measles will be in proearliest habits, and is frequently marked portion as the fever is severe, or the by disordered functions and derange- more important organs, as the lungs, ment of general health, the result of &c., may become affected during or submere change of food. The most fre. sequent to the disease. quent malady is that protracted relax- On sudden recession of the eruption,