Gender and War: Australians at War in the Twentieth Century
Joy Damousi, Marilyn Lake
CUP Archive, 1995 - History - 351 pages
War has been a key part of the Australian experience and central to many national mythologies. Yet more than most activities, war polarises femininity and masculinity. While there has been no shortage of military history, little has been written about Australia's military involvements from the perspective of gender. This exciting collection of essays explores for the first time the interrelationship of gender and war in Australia. Traditional images of Australians during wartime show the digger making history in battle while women play a supportive role as nurses or wives and mothers on the home front. Yet, as this book shows, war offers opportunities that erode gender boundaries. Women can be empowered economically, politically and sexually while the trauma of war can leave men emasculated. Gender and War focuses on women's and men's experiences in World War I, World War II and the Vietnam War. A team of leading writers addresses a range of subjects, including: female desire and sexuality in both world wars; women and the anti-conscription campaigns in World War I; gay men and lesbians in the military services; the crisis of masculinity during and after World War I and World War II and race and gender in World War I and Vietnam.
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active Adela Pankhurst Allen & Unwin American anti-conscription anti-war movement anxiety Anzac Day Anzac legend argued Army August Australian Army Australian soldiers Australian women Australian Women's Weekly became behaviour C.E.W. Bean campaign chapter conscription cultural Daily Standard demonstrations diary digger discourses experience female femininity feminist film forces Gallipoli gender girls groups heterosexual History home front homosexual Ibid identity ideology interview involved July Katie Holmes labour Laura Grubb lesbian letters male homosexuality manhood March Margaret Margaret Eliot Marilyn Lake masculine mateship Melbourne memory military mother narrative nurses officers organisations patients patriarchal police political protest psychiatry Queensland rape recruitment relations relationships repatriation returned soldiers riots role romance September 1917 servicemen sexual significant social socialist women stereotype story Street Sydney Thorp tion traditional tralian troops University of Queensland Vietnam violence WAAAF wartime Woman Voter women's services workers World World War II young