Politics of Ideocracy
Expanding upon the concept of totalitarianism, this study introduces the concept of ideocracy to encompass all those political systems that legitimize their actions by reference to an all-inclusive utopian ideology. It distinguishes pluralist systems, marked by competing schools of thought, from monistic systems in which a utopian ideology is dominant. Focusing on twentieth-century regimes, the authors develop Weberian ideal-type models to clarify different forms of ideocracy and pluralism; explore the ideal-type model of ideocracy; and analyze the dynamics of political life using models that allow readers to examine the contradictions and evolutionary paths of specific political systems. In addition, they examine diverse psychological, social, and environmental factors in analyzing the emergence of ideocracies and their subsequent evolution and emphasize that although these systems may persist for extended periods, they may also evolve into other forms of government through processes ranging from radical transformation to gradual erosion.
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action Adolf Hitler analysis authoritarian become behavior belief Brzezinski central China Communist conﬂict cratic cultural Czechoslovakia deﬁned democracy democratic Dictatorship doctrine East Germany Eastern Europe economic elites emergence example ﬁrst ﬂexibility forces Friedrich Goldstone groups historical Hitler human ical ideal identiﬁed ideo ideoc ideocracy ideocratic movement ideocratic system individuals inﬂuence involve Iran Iraq Islamic Islamic fundamentalism Italian Fascism Jaroslaw Piekalkiewicz leadership legitimacy lieutenants mass ment mobilization modern monistic ideology Nazi Germany norms Origins of Totalitarianism participants party patterns penetration pluralism pluralistic Poland political systems Praeger Publishers psychological racy reﬂects regeneration regimes Reich religious Republic Revolution revolutionary Robert rule scientiﬁc sense severe social disruption social control social organizations social system society Soviet Union speciﬁc spheres takeover Ted Robert Gurr terror theory Third Reich tion top leader totalitarian model traditional University Press World York Zbigniew Brzezinski