Automated Taxon Identification in Systematics: Theory, Approaches and Applications
CRC Press, Jul 23, 2007 - Science - 368 pages
The automated identification of biological objects or groups has been a dream among taxonomists and systematists for centuries. However, progress in designing and implementing practical systems for fully automated taxon identification has been frustratingly slow. Regardless, the dream has never died. Recent developments in computer architectures and innovations in software design have placed the tools needed to realize this vision in the hands of the systematics community, not several years hence, but now. And not just for DNA barcodes or other molecular data, but for digital images of organisms, digital sounds, digitized chemical data - essentially any type of digital data.
Based on evidence accumulated over the last decade and written by applied researchers, Automated Taxon Identification in Systematics explores contemporary applications of quantitative approaches to the problem of taxon recognition. The book begins by reviewing the current state of systematics and placing automated taxon identification in the context of contemporary trends, needs, and opportunities. The chapters present and evaluate different aspects of current automated system designs. They then provide descriptions of case studies in which different theoretical and practical aspects of the overall group-identification problem are identified, analyzed, and discussed.
A recurring theme through the chapters is the relationship between taxonomic identification, automated group identification, and morphometrics. This collection provides a bridge between these communities and between them and the wider world of applied taxonomy. The only book-length treatment that explores automated group identification in systematic context, this text also includes introductions to basic aspects of the fields of contemporary artificial intelligence and mathematical group recognition for the entire biological community.
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Chapter 2 Digital Innovation and Taxonomys Finest Hour
Man versus Machine
Chapter 4 Neural Networks in Brief
An Old Theme Revisited
Concepts and Applications
A Practical ComputerBased Tool for SemiAutomated Species Identification
Chapter 8 Automated Extraction and Analysis of Morphological Features for Species Identification
A MachineLearning Method for Characterizing Morphological Patterns Resulting from Ecological Adaptation
The Yeasts and the BioloMICS Software as a Case Study
Chapter 17 Automatic Measurement of Honeybee Wings
Chapter 18 Good Performers Know Their Audience Identification and Characterization of Pitch Contours in Infant and ForeignerDirected Speech
Wavelets Neural Networks and Internet Accessibility in an ImageBased Automated Identification System
Face Recognition in Wasps
An Initial Report
Chapter 12 Plant Identification from Characters and Measurements Using Artificial Neural Networks
Can Reliable Taxonomic Identifications Be Made Using Isolated Foot Bones?
Chapter 14 A New SemiAutomatic Morphometric Protocol for Conodonts and a Preliminary Taxonomic Application
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accuracy acoustic algorithms applications approach artificial neural networks automated identification automatic biodiversity biological Bookstein cells cent characterization characters Chesmore Cladistics classification clustering complex conodont cynipid DAISY data-base data-set denticle Desognaphosa detection dinosaur discriminant analysis DNA barcoding ecological Edited eigenshape error example excavata experts figitid Figure focus function genus high-level browsers identification system image analysis input insects Journal landmark layer MacLeod measurements methods models morphological morphometric morphospace multilayer perceptron multivariate neurons nodes O'Neill object output pattern recognition performance phylogenetic pitch contours principal component problem Procrustes Procrustes distance PSOM Pygoscelis represent sample Science self-organizing map sensors shape similar species identification specimens Spheniscus SPIDA-web statistical stonefly structure systematics systematists tarsometatarsus taxa taxon taxonomic taxonomic identification taxonomists techniques training set trees ungulates variables variation vector weights wing image xiphodonticus
Page vii - Association also publishes volumes that are not specifically linked to meetings and encourages new publications in a broad range of Systematics topics. Anyone wishing to learn more about the Systematics Association and its publications should refer to our website at http://www.systass.org Other Systematics Association publications are listed after the index for this volume.
Page vii - Systematics (1940) was a classic work edited by its then-president Sir Julian Huxley, that set out the problems facing general biologists in deciding which kinds of data would most effectively progress systematics. Since then, more than 70 volumes have been published, often in rapidly expanding areas of science where a modern synthesis is required. The modus operand/ of the Association is to encourage leading researchers to organize symposia that result in a multi-authored volume. In...