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all most appositely to his pur- to perform.

Lord Wolseley pose. When he first joined gave him constant encouragethe force he picked out what ment. Indeed he too preached he deemed the weak point of the doctrine of simplicity with military training.

a constant ardour, and saw

with perfect clearness that “The lawyer, the citizen, the pro

“Frederick the Great's absurd fessor, the merchant, and the civil servant,” thus he writes, “submitted ideas of what a soldier should in obedience to the Book of that day look like on parade have been to stand with stiffened arms mathe. the curse of armies ever since.' matically straight from shoulder to As Sir John points out, everyfinger-tips, the elbows jammed against the sides, the hands with rigid fingers thing in the old uniform was and palms flattened out to the front, absurd. The knapsack was an thumb tight to forefinger, and the ornamental polished box; the little finger close to the seam of the belts crossed in front of the trousers, like Simple Simon in the soldier's chest were unsuitable children's nursery-book, the whole attitude such as no sensible man ever

for carrying a load, and conput himself or his slave into since the tracted the soldier's heart and creation of the world, but which at lungs; the enforced stock of that time was held to be essential to leather was an excellent incentthe obtaining of military efficiency."

ive to apoplexy; and everything It was against this system that the soldier did or endured that Sir John Macdonald was an impediment to marching. preached throughout his active And, while we used to equip career, and preaches in every our army for show, so, accordchapter of his book. And the ing to Lord Wolseley, “we proudest day of his life was taught the soldier complicated that on which he heard a movements, which

are very good-natured friend exclaim: pretty in Hyde Park, and “There goes the man who has amusing to nurse-maids there, ruined the drill of the British but which are of very little use Army.”

in war.” Guibert long before That he spoke to deaf ears had put the same thought in was but natural. In the first slightly different words. place, the Army has a natural manoeuvrait pour les dames," dislike of innovation, and an he wrote, “on se séparait sans equally natural distrust of avoir rien appris.” In short, civilians who preach reform parade and “smartness" were with the ardour of indiscipline. the idols and ideals of the oldBut from the first Sir John had fashioned soldier, and it is those many distinguished witnesses, idols which the criticism and both living and dead, to speak experience of the last half for him, witnesses who did not century have shattered, those believe that the end and aim of ideals which they have preall armies was to make “im- vented from ever again becomaginary perfect human auto- ing realities. mata, " and that dress and Sir John Macdonald's first equipment should bear no attack was delivered against practical relation to the duties the terms “Front,” “Right in which their victims were asked front,” and “Left in front,”

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whose ambiguity may be meas- the South African War a new ured by the fact that “Front” edition of the Drill - Book was had three definitions given to published. The revision was it in the Drill - Book as late the work of that wisest among &S 1891. Then he urged, modern officers, Colonel Henwith what to-day seems no derson, and surely no higher more than common - sense, (1) compliment was ever paid to a that everything which could civilian than was paid to Sir be dispensed with as obsolete, John Macdonald, when he was or redundant, or hampering asked to revise the proof-sheets promptitude of movement, of the BOOK, and to meet should be cut out of the BOOK; Colonel Henderson in consulta(2) that the mancuvres should tion. He records his delight be such as to require the mini- at seeing his opinions officially mum of time and exertion; accepted with a frank enthuand (3) that the formations of siasm. At last he saw the the troops should at all times word “Front” disappear from be those most likely to prevent the definitions. At last the the men being jostled against soldier was allowed thirty one another, and being obliged inches, in which to stand, at all unnecessarily to march where times. The innovation seems no man who was saving him- small enough, yet Lord Wolseself would walk, and to pre- ley's testimony as to the value serve them from being op- of free air, cited by Sir John, pressed by want of cool air or shows that it was of vital imby breathing foul air. In other portance. Speaking of quarterwords, he advocated the aboli- column, said Lord Wolseley: tion of“ the touch," and again of “At six paces between the comthese reforms he found in Lord panies they suffer much. They Wolseley a warm supporter. can scarcely breathe. I went “I hope to see the day," wrote into action in hot weather in that eminent soldier, “when a line of quarter-columns, and troops will march past in open before we fired a shot twentyorder, each man being able to two men had dropped down use his arms and legs without dead, all from the centres of hitting or rubbing against the columns, where they man on his right and left.” suffocated. I learned a lesson The “ touch ” is now a thing of that day I have never forthe past, and Sir John Mac- gotten.” And thus, with a justidonald as justly plumes himself fied pride Sir John Macdonald, on its abolition as he claims to like his predecessor the Justicebe the first man in the world Clerk of a hundred years ago, to have had the courage to “retires into private life,' propound the monstrous heresy having left his impress on the that “instead of forbidding the Army, though he is but a swinging of the arm, it should civilian and a Volunteer, and be made the rule.”

having modified the Book in But Sir John Macdonald's the name of common - sense, greatest triumph is still to be after fifty years of loyal serchronicled. Not long before vice and keen controversy.






AMBROSE ROYLE was a young to speculate; but he changed gentleman of seven-and-forty. his investments from time to There was no mistake about time, and studied the markets the date of his birth, because it with judgment, finding both was on record in The County profit and interest in so doing. Families of Great Britain' and To take care of his money was Burke's 'Landed Gentry'; but the most serious business of his those who had omitted to con- life, second only to the still sult these valuable works of more absorbing pursuit of takreference would

have ing care of himself. credited him with his years.

With this latter occupation Indeed, he often forgot them nothing was permitted to inhimself, having lived consist- terfere; he avoided disturbing ently up to the maxim that a pleasures as well as disturbing man is as old as he feels; and emotions. Neither ambition Ambrose as a rule felt ex- nor excitement was allowed to tremely comfortable, which divert him from the straight was indeed the natural and path of a cultivated and selfproper result of his efforts to restrained hedonism. In his attain that end, maintained college days he had been visited with undeviating singleness of by thoughts of cutting some purpose from early manhood figure in the world, perhaps of onwards. To this pursuit he entering Parliament athad been able to devote himself tempting literature. But he under exceptional advantages, early perceived that success having been left with a good could not be attained withincome soon after he came of out exhausting efforts and age, and with few ties or obli- some sacrifice of health, ease, gations of any kind. His and comfort. The same might mother had soon followed his be said of marriage and the father to the grave; his one domestio affections; a wife, he sister was prosperously mar- concluded, would be as troubleried ; his only other relatives some as a career or a profeswere an uncle or two and some sion, and

expensive. cousins, all well-to-do persons, “No!” he would say ; “I am whom it was pleasant to visit not marrying man! I occasionally The

manage- agree with that fellow who ment of an estate offering no objected to pay for the board attraction to him, he had sold and lodging of another man's his ancestral acres and mansion, daughter.'

And so for many and deposited the proceeds in years past he had reconciled sound dividend-paying securi- himself to a well-regulated ties. He was far too cautious bachelordom. He no longer





hunted, for though his nerve did other unwholesome things. was as good as ever, there was With these reserves he rather always the chapter of accidents. affected the society of authors, Why should a man risk & artists, and theatrical people, broken leg or collar-bone or partly because they amused worse merely in pursuit of him, partly because from them amusement ? But he took a he collected a good budget of few days' shooting from time to the gossip which he produced time, went to Homburg in the at pleasant little dinners and autumn, and to the Riviera or afternoon parties, where many Egypt for the winter. When of his friends found him an in London he played golf once acceptable guest. or twice a-week, and he held saw him at one of these enterfast to the obsolescent custom tainments, with his fresh comof riding regularly in the Park. plexion, alert manner,

and He did not smoke, and was dapper figure, you might very sparing, as well as extremely well have thought him a dozen particular, in his food and or fifteen years younger than drink, preferring quality al- his actual years.

There was ways to quantity. And though hardly a grey hair on his head he belonged to a couple of liter- or a line on his brow. Such ary and rather Bohemian olubs, are the compensations of a he avoided late suppers as he well-spent middle age.

When you


Yet this spring morning as a liver, and a slight aching he sits at breakfast in his was even then perceptible in luxurious rooms

rooms overlooking the middle of his back. Most the Park, with his pretty col- men would have gone about lection of old blue china about their affairs and hardly noticed him, he is not altogether it; but it worried Ambrose happy. He has been up in as indicative to some extent good time as usual, and has of failure in the one great had his bath and his Sandow purpose of his mental activity. exercises, and can enjoy his What is the use of living to moderate morning meal with be healthy if your health after an appetite that comes not all may be going to break to those who revel longo down? Ambrose had spent a nights and go to bed with number of quite happy years the taste of tobacco on their thinking exclusively about himpalates.

All the game he self; but now that he had to was feeling a little hipped think sometimes of bodily illand out of sorts.

For one

ness or incapacity he found thing, his health, with all the occupation less agreeable. his care, had been giving Then again he was haunted him some trouble of late. He by & dim suspicion that he had digcovered that he had was scarcely so successful in

his role of agreeable rattle as and dressed deplorably. With he used to be. The


his limited income and his fellows, with whom he liked half - dozen growing sons and to class himself, seemed a little daughters he had no leisure impatient of his slightly obso- to be smart. Yet he obviously lete badinage; the middle-aged enjoyed his life, his work, even ladies, with whom he had been his worries. The busy schoolmildly philandering for years, master was full of talk about were growing increasingly irre- his boys, his children, his little sponsive; they even preferred academic world, his inexpenthe men of his own standing, sive Swiss holidays, and the who had mostly acquired seri- wider educational questions in ous interests of some kind by which he found time to interthis time.

est himself. People seemed to He had met his old college enjoy the conversation of this friend Driver the night before, gaunt preceptor with the loud and the meeting had left him voice and the earnest brown vaguely discontented. Driver, eyes better than Mr Royle's an assistant-master at a great own thin tinkle of gossip and public school, did not carry scandal And some faint glimhis years particularly well: his merings of an elemental truth hair was thin, his forehead was began to furrowed, he stooped a little, hedonist.

dawn upon



His servant interrupted his good ones for you; for me they reflections by bringing in a have been at least varied and

a letter. The address was writ- adventurous. I went to India ten in a woman's hand which with Jack, you may recollect; to Ambrose seemed unfamiliar. and after that we

were in Nor on opening the envelope America and Queensland and and glancing hastily at the East Africa and all sorts of signature did he at first recog- places. Poor Jack was never nise the name- “Maud Eger very successful; and now he is ton.” He was soon enlightened dead and I am back in London, as he read :

with a small income and a big

boy whom I am trying to start “DEAR MR ROYLE-It used in the world. I have been here to be Ambrose once; but it is some months and have got a so long since you have heard little work to do and hope to from me that I daresay you get some more.

Roderick would no longer detect in (that's my boy - you must • Mrs John Egerton' the Maud know him) is at Radley, in the Waynflete whom you used to house of Mr Driver, an old know rather well in those old friend of Jack's, who has been days now so far behind us. I most kind to us. I have rather hope these years have been a nice little flat here, and now

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