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“I shall do it to-night, and the men in the pursuit. As the men must be ready to catch hunted

he cried him. Thus only can certain “Cuckoo !” and his pursuers people escape disgrace.' joined in the cry.

He was It was late in the day before within sight of his hut before the trap was laid. Sergeant the townspeople were aware Mamadu crouched on the top of his approach. When they of the bank, and behind the saw the long figure leaping rook below Small Henry hid. silhouetted against the sky, There was no sign of life on they thought the Evil Spirit the island, but the mass of himself was approaching, and boughs and leaves, that the the weak ones dispersed and Officer had arranged high up, hid. The bolder rushed and was plainly visible.

headed off the fugitive, turnAs the sun came over the ing him back along the path. trees the Officer called “Cuo- Then the King and his suite, koo!” And Henry, swelling the Sergeant and his men, five with pride, went “Hoo! hoo!” hundred of the townspeople,

The Officer ran out along his Long Quashie with his swingbough, but seeing no one, went ing knee, and Small Henry last back and called again. Small of all, all joined in the pursuit. Henry cunningly waited a full The Officer's feet were bruised minute before he answered, and and bleeding, his body scratched his next call succeeded. The and insect-bitten, but he paid Officer slipped down the great no heed. Only aware of the tree and hopped into the open. army of purguers, he made for

“One more, O Small Henry,' the line of bushes which seemed whispered Mamadu, and Henry to his distraught mind to offer called very distinctly and slowly. him a dim hope of shelter and The Officer splashed across and safety. flapped and hopped on to the very rock which concealed The relief party were marchHenry. Mamadu and his men ing in single file leisurely along with a mighty shout hurled the track when the noise, growthemselves upon him and bore ing louder each moment, made him to the ground, while Henry them pause. jumped the bank and " What the deuce is it?" said cheered. Though four strong the officer in command. men were against him, the round the corner quick !” white man rolled over, pulling The bushes ended at the his assailants with him, and turn and the plain lay open they all fell into the river before them. The sun, now The Hausas, checked by the near its setting, shone direct water, let go, and the Officer on the whitened town, and the fled up the bank, over the un- hot red flat intensifying the guarded bridge, and sped away glare, the walls of Salagha at full speed over the plain. seemed to tremble and dance

The King and his Court in the shaking heat, approachjoined the Sergeant and his ing them only to again recede,

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and in the middle distance & stayed its flight and stood hesisolitary pink figure ran, and as tating midway between its purit ran it called “Cuckoo !” suers and the line of men in

Behind it came a crowd of the red fezzes and dark-blue men, women,

and children, uniforms, and even as it stopped strung out in a long line as so the pursuers also stood still. far back as the gates of the “Sound again,” said the newtown, who likewise in varying comer. degrees of breathlessness cried The hunted

walked “Hoo! hoo! Hoo! hoo !” as quietly up, and crouching down they ran. The new arrival hid his face in his hands. His halted his men and formed comrade put his arm gently them into line.

round his neck, and taking off He was ignorant of the his tunic threw it over the events of the past few months, blistered shoulders. but while he stared in wonder The friendly crowds, imhe began vaguely to suspect pressed and sympathetic, melted something of what must have silently away into the shadows happened.

of Salagha town, but as they "Sound the welcome," he streamed through its gates one said.

solitary shrill “Hoo! hoo!”

“ The hoarse triumphant notes was shouted after them. It rang out, and the pink figure proceeded from Small Henry.

ARMY ADMINISTRATION, PAST AND PRESENT.

BY COLONEL G. K. SCOTT MONCRIEFF, C.B., C.I.E.

VARIOUS books which have Lord Panmure in that he was been published of recent years, at the time in very poor health, dealing with the earlier part of and was bearing the burden of the Victorian era, have thrown great personal sorrow.

Yet a flood of light on the adminis- when we regard his public tration of the Army during the actions only, as evinced by his Crimean War.

letters to the seat of war, we The sufferings and priva- see much to criticise. Не tions of the troops during the seemed imperfectly to have winter of 1854-55 have already grasped the true relations bebeen familiar to the public tween the War Minister and the from the combatants' point of Commander in the field, freview, through the writings quently giving instructions of Kinglake and others, but about matters which pertained now we have them presented to the profession of arms, and to us from the standpoint of not to the administration either the responsible Ministers and of general policy or of the the Sovereign whom

whom they machinery of the Army. It is served. The Queen's warm pitiful to read letters of recrimsympathy with her soldiers is ination between one member of as conspicuous as her intense the Cabinet and another, and eagerness for victory and for between the Minister and the the honour and dignity of her responsible Commanders at the country; and in reading her seat of war. It is still more Letters we realise how close was pitiful to read of the straits to the attachment between the which England one of the troops who endured and the great European powers-was gracious lady whom they served reduced for troops. Mercenaries with so much personal devotion, from Germany, Switzerland, so thoroughly understood on Poland had to be enrolled, and her part, so warmly appreci- Sardinian troops paid, to fight ated.

the battles of the country that It is otherwise, however, with a few years before had exercised our feelings towards the states- the paramount influence in men. Our sympathies certainly Europe. It was exactly the go out to the Minister who at a same a century earlier. Hanotime of trouble and national verian and Hessian troops had distress took over the control formed the bulk of England's of an Army that was manifestly land forces until the masterful badly administered. Such ab- hand of Pitt grasped the reins, negation of personal feeling is swept away all the foreign indeed worthy of the best tra- mercenaries, and with British ditions of English public life, troops achieved those victories and it is the more admirable in on four continents which have

cor

made the Empire what it is the general conduct of a camto-day.

paign, for the selection of the It is clear, however, that at officers to hold the more imall events one man in England portant commands, and for all did realise where improvements operations bearing on the hosin Army administration should tilities. Yet so little did war. begin. That man

was the like matters affect his duties Prince Consort.

in peace that he had no military Misunderstood and misjudged officers on his staff, his whole by his adopted_countrymen, attention being directed to who, as Lord Herbert's bio- colonial affairs and his staff grapher tells us, expected to see being selected accordingly. him committed to the Tower The Secretary at War was the as being in traitorous Minister who had control of the respondence with Russia, the Army votes generally; he was Prince alone among English responsible for the rates of pay statesmen seems to have seen and food of the soldiers, their where our weak point lay, and quartering, clothing, et hoc although his position obliged genus omne.

But he had no him to give his opinions with control over discipline or milideference, it is most noticeable tary appointments, promotion that not only are his sug- or efficiency, which were in the gestions fraught with value for hands of the Commander-inthe actual needs of the moment, Chief. Nor was he in any way but in most cases they have responsible for the pay, &c., of furnished the germ or nucleus the artillery and engineers. from which our administrative These corps were under the reforms have expanded to the Master-General of the Ordipresent day. All such ques- nance, who also supplied the tions as

the formation of warlike stores. Finally, the general staff, peace maneuvres Commissariat was not under and camps, transport for ma- the War Office at all, but was terial and supplies, proper a civil department under the bearer companies and transport Treasury. for the sick and wounded, com- Surely such an organisation munication service for intelli- was bound to produce a maxigence, à capable system of mum of friction with a minicommissariat and supply, im- mum of effect. It is at least provements in artillery and to Lord Panmure's credit that engineers, formed not only the he succeeded in amalgamating subject of the Prince's sugges- under one head many of these tions, but are still matters on divergent and often antagonwhich improvement must be istic branches. continually sought after.

The soldier who had in his With the organisation that individual person to participate then prevailed it was no wonder in the combined action of the that war threw everything into various discordant elements hopeless confusion. The Secre- above enumerated was too fretary of State for War and the quently forgotten. Colonies was responsible for drilled, and he was, after &

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1909.] The Soldier's Suspicion of the Administration. 379 fashion, fed and housed. But treated generally like dissolute the food was meagro and badly brutes and not like human cooked; the barracks were exe- beings, in peace, and expected crable. It is an appalling fact, to endure hardship and disease disclosed by the Sanitary Com- and wounds in war, they had mission after the Crimean War, at least the right to get what that the death rate among the was promised to them in pay, soldiers in barracks in England clothes, viotuals, and housing. was more than double that of It was to the suspicion and the civil population, and that distrust caused by this administoo in spite of the fact that trative negligence that the the average age of the soldier deficiency in recruits must be was that most favourable for attributed and our country was health. The reason was that, obliged to resort in her time crowded together in barrack- of need to hiring foreign merrooms without regard to sani- cenaries to fight her battles. tation, the unfortunate men It is difficult perhaps nowacontracted diseases which, en- days, when sanitary science is pecially in London and among so much in evidence, to blame H.M. Guards, produced a mor- Ministers of the early Victorian tality which was as shocking age for not insisting, in baras it was wholly discreditable racks,

upon improvements to the administration.

which at that age were little On active service the British known in private houses. But soldier displayed in the Crimea surely the health statistics of the same qualities of patient the Army ought to have been courage that have always been known by the responsible Minhis characteristic. But King- ister. Mr Sidney Herbert (to lake tells us how Lord Raglan, give that noble statesman his in his very frequent visits to most usually known title) hospitals, found that the men's busied himself, while Secrecomplaints were never with tary at War under Sir Robert reference to danger, exposure, Peel, in the improved education or physical suffering of any of the soldier. All honour to kind, but always with regard him for being first in this useto some stoppage of money or ful reform. But it is impossible rations,—as though the soldier to acquit him, or any of his was quite ready, in his con- predecessors in office, of culptract with the Government, to able ignorance in the matter of do his part of personal service, vital statistics. They did not but was

ever suspicious that know that the conditions of the the State was unwilling to do soldier's life in peace were fearits share in fair remuneration. fully unhealthy, but it seems This suspicion is easy to arouse, never to have ocourred to them it is hard to allay. It must be to inquire into the matter. Mr admitted that the men had Herbert, however, amply atoned strong grounds for it. They for any earlier neglect by his thought, rightly or wrongly, subsequent energy in pushing that if they were to be drilled sanitary reform. ad nauseam, and flogged, and As regards the Commissariat,

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