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violent and unrestrained hatred. beginning to realise that the It is cruel to allow such poison cause of Indian progress is not to be circulated with impunity. advanced by that which tends I should not, indeed, ask for to hatred and violence. While more severe laws against this Mr Surendranath Banerjee kind of offence; but the pro- seems to be returning to India secutions conducted in Calcutta to continue to carry on the have shown that the law is in- bitterest and most mischievous effective for repression in that forms of agitation, the Hon. Mr it does not fix responsibility Gokhale, in a recent speech at on authors, editors, and pub- Poona, has called on the people lishers: a miserable printing of India to act in concert with cooly has too often been their the Government. The people, scapegoat. This defect can as well as the Government, must be remedied; and no time realise that such criminals are should be lost in providing the worst enemies of India, and the remedy. The determina- that their crimes must be pretion, asserted by the Under- vented as well as punished. Secretary of State on the part Every man should realise his of the Government, to bring responsibility to oppose and home to the agitators the prevent such crimes and all deliberate intention to main- that leads to them. tain order in India must be Parents and guardians must manifested in action as well as act. Those who conduct and declared in speech.
control the education of the The matter does not, how- country must act. The student ever, depend on the Govern- community must vindicate its ment alone. It is the natural own good name.
The people tendency in India to leave generally must organise a unieverything to the Government. versal and active campaign of I remember pointing out, on co-operation with Government. one occasion, to one of the The present Lieutenant-Govermost influential men in Bengal, nor of Bengal recently pressed how the selfish aloofness of his this advice on his Council, and class tended to the failure of added the significant warning one branch of administration that, if those who are thus His answer was characteristio. responsible "abdicate their au“No, sir,” he said, “it is not thority in favour of a handreally our concern; and I know ful of young men of immature that you cannot afford to allow age, of imperfect or non-exfailure : you will feel yourselves istent education, and of undisbound to keep things right.” ciplined emotions, they may This failure to realise personal rest assured the solution will responsibility has
been too come none the less, but it will characteristio of the loyal be neither painless nor peaceful.” classes in recent events. But If the people will cease to be they are now beginning to feel indifferent or half-hearted, if that they must do their part. they will cease to be content Even some who had seemed to with talk and will act bravely be among the agitators are and determinedly in concert
with a firm and resolute Gov- muoh; for there are
are many ernment, this evil will be Indian parents willing to pay stamped out, and India will for it, and they feel the need be saved from disaster and for it keenly. left to push forward hopefully I think also that the time and steadily on its career of has come for providing in India national progress.
the training in Law, Medicine, The terrible tragedy at the Engineering, and the like, which Imperial Institute has also will fit Indians to take their called attention to the position place alongside of men from of the Indian student in Britain. England. It is no doubt necesThe Master of Elibank, in his sary for experts and specialists excellent speech on the Indian to visit foreign Universities and Budget, indicated the steps Training Institutions, as Engwhich the Secretary of State lishmen themselves do, to com. is taking to deal with this im- plete their education. But it portant part of the problem. ought not to be necessary for It is most deplorable that Indians to leave India so as to the effect of education in this acquire the status of Barriscountry, purchased at enormous ters before the Indian Courts. cost of money and sacrifice by And in view of the progress Indian parents, should often that has been made in Medi. be only disastrous to Indian cal research and Engineering students; and no efforts should science in India, it ought to be be spared to remedy this state possible to provide locally for of things. There is, however, adequate education in these another aspect of this part of departments of study; and the question. It is not con- men who have become fully sistent with the interests of qualified in local institutions India that it should be neoeg- ought not to be handicapped sary for Indian parents to send in their exercise of their protheir sons to this country for fessions in their own land. education to the extent to This is perhaps too large a which they have to do so at subject for full treatment in present. It would be worth this article; but it is one to while to make great effort, which attention may well be even to spend mueh money, if directed. Parents and guardnecessary-to provide efficient ians in India realise its imeducation in India. An effort portance; and there can be was recently made, and success no doubt that, if Government seemed secured through the would earnestly take the matco-operation of liberal leaders ter up, it would receive warm of the Indian community, to support and co-operation from found a college which would the best of our Indian fellowgive a thoroughly sound edu- subjects. The need for sound cation, in the best climate in general and technical education Bengal. I earnestly trust that healthy education physically this scheme will not be aban- and morally-in India itself is doned, It need not cost too now more than ever realised.
THE ENGLAND OF MR MASTERMAN'S FANCY THE CONQUERORS
THE Radical party has itself the last trace of nature always been confident in its and tradition. With profound own infallibility. It is, accord- sorrow they have discovered ing to its fond belief, the sole that the earth is peopled with repository of wisdom and men. If they had their way justice. For many years it none but apes or angels would has promised itself and others inhabit it. But they do not that, with the aid of a comfort- have their way. They have able majority, it would create wished ardently that the grass a new heaven and a new earth. should change its colour, and Its majority is more than oom- it remains obstinately green. fortable; its machinery for They have spent years in calquelling the freedom of speech, culation, and they cannot disfor which we are told it has tort twice two into five. How, bled on many a stricken field, then, should they vote in peace is almost perfect, — and its
and its or take a proper comfort in s members are not all content. solid majority? The country, with which they Here, for instance, is Mr C. are asked to deal, is not worthy F. G. Masterman, M.P., who their energy and their intelli- has sobbed industriously over gence. They look about them three hundred pages. Every with a superior frown of dis- line of his writing breathes pleasure, and wherever they sorrow and despair. There is look they find that which no hope for him or us, until shooks their sensitive soul. the human race has utterly The more
ardent spirits of changed its qualities and the party, who do not fix desires. His
His book, which he their gaze always on the bal. irrelevantly calls The Condilot-box, are indeed wrapt in tion of England,'1 has not the the gloom of an imponderable loosest link with its title. To depression. It is not merely describe England, two (among England, it is human kind, other) things are necessary : a which refuses to conform to gift of observation, and a gift their sentimentality. They of comparison. Mr Masterman have set up a foolish standard possesses neither. There is no of “perfeotion,” and are angry suggestion in this volume that that the whole world does not Mr Masterman has ever looked reach it, by putting away from upon England, or collected any
1 Methuen & Co.
evidence as to its condition, confronted with English genius, which may not be found in the he declares it “un-English," and hasty sketches of contemporary thus puts what he esteems a salnovelists. Nor does he ever at. utary check upon the national tempt to show in what respect pride. “No body of men have England falls short of other ever been so "un-English' as countries. That it falls short the great Englishmen-Nelson, is sufficient for his purpose. Shelley, Gladstone, supreme in Now and again he repeats the war, in literature, in praotical gossip which has reached him affairs; yet with no single from America, but merely to evidence in the characteristics intensify the disgust where- of their energy that they pos. with his own country fills him. sess any of the qualities of the Perhaps, like a country post. English blood.” This pompous master of our acquaintance statement has meaning who searched the postal guide whatever. If you would arrive for the United States and hoped at what is English, you cannot to find them among the British leave out of sight the genius Colonies, he thinks that America that has illumined England. is still a part—at least morally The qualities of English blood -of Great Britain. For the do not exist apart from the rest, he makes scarcely a single men in whose veins it flows. statement which does not apply
Genius transcends the norm, with equal force to France or wherever it be found, but it Germany, and he would more might safely be argued that aptly have described his book neither Nelson nor Shelley could if he had left England out of have been born elsewhere than the question, and entitled it in England.
He who fought “ · The Condition of C. F. G. and died at Trafalgar was a Masterman's Mind.”
fit compatriot of Drake and That mind he describes with Hawkins and Raleigh and the utmost clarity. We should Blake and Frobisher. And know it from his book, even if what could Shelley have been the despondent Radical were not if not an Englishman? Could already familiar to us. Above the descendant of Shakespeare all, he displays the common dig- and Spenser and Milton have like of England, which he be- lisped in the language of littles with the disingenuousness Racine or echoed the sentiment of his class. A reference to the of Schiller ? As for Gladstone, Boer commandoes inspires him will gladly make Mr to declare that they “had de- Masterman a present of him. fended a country half the size The greatest sea captains, the of Europe against all the armies greatest poets of modern times, of the British Empire," and to have been ours. We are thankleave on the brain of the unin- ful to own that we m not structed reader the impression boast a monopoly of rhetoric. that the difficulty of defence With an innate prejudice increases with the size of the against what is English, and country defended. When he is a sense of history which per
mits him to make the astound- tolerable than the deep potaing statement that “the 'intel. tions of a century ago. Let lectual proletariat' has been Mr Masterman consult any one the historic leader of all politi- old enough to remember the cal and social revolutions,” Mr customs of 1860, and he will Masterman sets out to casti- hear a tale of long wearisome gate England. All classes and dinners and of bottles drunk all pursuits come under his after the cloth was removed lash. He begins at the top that would surprise him. But and descends to the bottom, we doubt whether facts would and in the assize none escapes
Mr Mastpunishment. He opens his at- erman. He is content to repeat tack
upon the “comfortable and the commonplaces of Juvenal opulent” class, which he calls as though they were all true “The Conquerors," and which to-day. He fills many pages
” he assails with a peculiar acri- with a poor paraphrase of mony. That he has a senti- Pope's epigram—"and die of mental hatred of wealth is nothing but the rage to live" evident, and his hatred blinds -and assumes
that he has him to the simplest facts. In added a chapter to the history the life of the Conquerors of manners. He is as reckhe sees chiefly idleness and less in statement as in vituperwaste. He declares that there ation. The Conquerors, says is a "general speeding - up.” he, give little leadership to the He detects more houses, larger classes below them. It would dinners, costlier flowers and be nearer the truth to say that clothes. In other words, he they are the only members of finds precisely what he wishes the community who give any to find. Had he made inquir- leadership whatever. In poli
. ies, or conducted a little reas- tios they are still supreme, in onable research, he might have spite of the presence of Mr corrected many & hasty im- Lloyd - George and Mr John pression. Even if there is to- Burns in the Cabinet. Again, day a wider distribution of he is appalled at the growth of wealth, if there are more rich hotels, and at the extravagance people in England than there of dramatic entertainments;
were before, & laudable and then complains that “the simplicity of life invades 80- finest of our cathedrals are ciety. Less is eaten and drunk tumbling to pieces for lack to-day- to take a single in- of response to the demand for stance—than at any time in aid.” This is wholly untrue. our history. The gargantuan Our cathedrals are not falling feasts of Elizabeth's time 1 to pieces, and far more harm would to-day be no more easily has been done to them in the
| The curious may find reprinted in the Report of the Historical Manuscripts Commission a series of household account books, from Sir George Wombwell's Collection, in which are entered the daily feasts given by Sir W. Fairfax (1571-82). A study of these documents will suggest that we have been “ speeding-down" ever since.