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discomfort did not carry with the wondrous ways of God, it the one advantage that I that thou and I should meet had always associated with upon these strange seas,” said dampness, that of being an he with tremendous fervour. effective substitute for Keat- He had wandered about in ing's Powder. Our Arab mat- Bombay, finding nobody who tresses were of an age to have could understand him, until chaperoned any English four- the repetition of my name post bed, and their aristocracy excited the interest of of parasites far the most re- "Effendi,” who put him on markable which we had met. this boat: where the boat was Mahmoud, my muleteer, and a bound he had not asked, but connoisseur in fleas, declaimed, the “Arabs were a filthy race." before falling into a troubled It was not strange after such sleep, almost in the manner of vicissitudes that we revelled Shibli Bagarag at the Shaving in the beauty and the deliciousof Shagpat, against our per- Dess of our last day's journey. secutors.

In the evening we rode through From this day on our worries flocks of sheep with tinkling ceased, and march to bells and past children bathing Damascus was undiluted plea- on the outskirts of the villages, sure. It was a delightful end to cups of foaming milk and to what had been an eventful clean mattresses, and rooms journey to both of us.

where we slept alone, without Its commencement had not the crowd of garlic - eating been the least eventful part Arabs which had 80 often of it. I had caught typhoid made the nights in the noktas in the Yemen, which developed detestable.

The motley gang on the journey to Bombay, and of followers who had attached I had convalesced on an island themselves to us for protection in the Persian Gulf, where our sang with pleasure as we passed boat had most conveniently through friendly olives, and struck upon a rook in the mists through gardens red and white of dawn within easy distance of with almond and peach blosland. From this place I strove som, and gay with running to penetrate Arabia.

water. Semanghellina, a song week I held the ambiguous which began “Deniz dalghasiz position, half guest half prisoner, olmaz, minni minni mashalof the Turkish officers, and lah !” (“The sea cannot be completed my oure on an Arab without waves”), and other dhow. Riza had come from tunes, were, with scented winds, Constantinople in answer to a our companions on the way. telegram of mine from Bombay, It was not till some days but as he neglected to tell me later that I discovered that that he was coming, I had not Riza had been in considerable waited in Bombay, and we met pain from toothache during by accident on my return to this time. One night in Damthe island after the unsuccess- ascus his words were indistinful Arabian expedition. “Oh, guishable, as he had just had

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five teeth extracted. His passed vindictiveness of spirit cheerfulness was unimpaired. with a delight in teasing and The day was a good day, the amusing children, which is teeth had undoubtedly been almost an art. They adapt bad teeth, and the operator themselves with an easy versa(who I believe was not a tility to a civilisation which dentist) was a man of educa- they repudiate at home; and tion. “Praise be. Allah ra- while they are in other lands hatluk versin. May God give an essentially progressive race, you rest. (Good night.)” it is their policy to keep their

Perhaps I should have spoken own country in a condition of more of the Albanians and less barbarism. Very generous, yet of Riza, but if I have any with the knowledge of what understanding of this people, bitter poverty means, they it is to him that I owe it.

grasp at money, which they The paradox of religion, of instantly throw away on alms, blood, and of circumstances hospitality, or clothes. Sensimake the Ghegs a difficult race tive as children, whom a light to know. They are extremely word offends, a small kindness intelligent Europeans, yet fol- will make them devoted to the lowers of the desert Prophet. death. They are, as I have While they have the highest tried to show, good friends, reputation for honesty, they and if they have their faults, are the most notorious brigands well there is the Turkish provin Turkey. They combine a erb, “He who wants a faultless keen sense of humour with an friend, friendless will remain." Oriental gravity, and an unsur





WHEN civil war threatened the Court. The way, then, lay England, and the opposing open before him. Wisdom and forces of York and Lancaster desire pointed to the same end. first met in the field, John He determined, with a moderaTiptoft, Earl of Worcester, tion which presently deserted prudently betook himself to him, to prefer peace before the Holy Land. So closely war, to hold himself aloof from was his sympathy engaged on the war of faction, to avoid either side, that he knew not the contamination of turbulence for whom he should draw the and conspiracy. Thus it was sword. If the Duke of York that—to cite the language of held the higher place in his interested adulation – he imregard, he could not persuade itated the lofty-souled heroes himself as yet to show dis- whom the good ship Argo bore courtesy to Henry VI. That eastwards, enavigated all the amiable prince had advanced seas of the earth, and conhim beyond the measure of ferred upon all nations the his years and birth. He was benefit of his presence, maninot far past his youth when festing everywhere the divinity (in 1449) he was made Earl of of his soul, and leaving behind Worcester. At twenty-five he him the immortal memory of

Treasurer of the Ex- his name. In plainer prose, chequer, and two years later he travelled with becoming he was appointed Captain to state to Jerusalem, he visited guard the Sea. The contest the holy places, as in pious between gratitude and inclina- duty bound, and when the tion, which raged in his mind, Orient had lost its hold might have had another issue, upon him he came with had not Somerset, the King's what speed he might to Counsellor, dismissed him from Venice.

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No man of his time was Italy. Englishman though he better fitted to appreciate the was, he was the true child of newly - discovered treasures of the Renaissance. He had

1 He was of noble birth, being the son of John, Baron de Tiptoft, and Joyce, his “incomparable wife, but not of so high a family as to justify his rapid rise to fortune.

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learned at Balliol all that such success that he was reOxford could teach him, and warded with the deanery of not even his sojourn at the Wells. These three he had Court had checked his ardent known at Balliol - a college love of the Humanities. Few which did scholars or churchmen of his other to restore in England age surpassed him in know- the wisdom of the ancients, ledge of the classics or in and which may still take a felicity of expression; and so just pride in its nurslings, little did the natural arrogance who lived, learned, and taught of his temper show itself in his in the cities of Italy. Of this studies, that with all

all the company John Tiptoft was the modesty of a pupil he fre- natural sovereign. He disquented the famous schools of pensed his princely favours Italy, and sat at the feet of with a large and generous the masters. He visited Fer- hand. Whatever was asked rara, that he might hear the of him he gave, to this lectures of the renowned his friendship, to that Guarino, whose method of dis- the support of a well - filled cipline attracted students from purse, to all sympathy and every corner of Europe, even encouragement. By general from Britain itself, a country consent he was acclaimed the “situate beyond the confines of Mæcenas of


and the earth.” There in Guarino's learning has rarely found a house he met many a wander- nobler patron. So for three ing scholar, such as John Free, years he wandered up and who, with the characteristic down Italy-from Ferrara to courage of his kind, had set Padua, from Padua to Florout from Oxford to conquer ence, from Florence to Rome,the learning of Italy with no gathering treasures in manumore than ten pounds in his script and storing his head pocket;1 William Grey, erudite with the knowledge and policy and disinterested as Tiptoft of the time. Of his life at himself, presently appointed in Florence Vespasiano has left Rome to the bishoprio of Ely; us an amiable sketch. . Now and John Gunthorpe, who Vespasiano, courtliest of bookstudied the Humanities with sellers, humanest of scholars,

bis age,

1 The career of John Free-or Phreas, as he was called-was typical of his time and class. He was a fellow of Balliol, and became, says his biographer, "an admirable Philosopher, Lawyer, and Physician.” He was public reader of physic at Ferrara, and afterwards at Florence and Padua. He seems to have been half scholar, half pedant. His letters and odes were alike elegant. He composed a set of fluent verses, in which Bacchus expostulates with a goat for gnawing a vine, he translated Synesius' treatise concerning baldness, and dedicated both works to his patron Tiptoft. Another work, which he laid at the feet of Pope Pius II., procured him the bishopric of Bath and Wells ; “a month after he went to Rome, where he died before he could be consecrated, but not without suspicion of poison from some competitor, 1465.” The story is wholly suitable to the Italy of the Renaissance, where the folio and the poisoned cup were always near neighbours.


a mediæval scribe who wit- proof of his Latin eloquence. nessed the triumph of the In vain would he have visited black art which came from Italy if he had not across the mountains, had the Rome, which, says Leland, had fairest opportunity of observ- not for many centuries reing the character of Tiptoft, ceived so noble and so welcome to whom he gave a place a guest, and which thought among his “Illustrious Men," that a god

god had descended and we accept his account in from heaven, so much did it the best of good faith. “He marvel at his humanity, his had a great abundance of splendour, and the Ciceronian books,” says Vespasiano, “and abundance of his discourse. in Florence be bought what The effect of his oratory upon more he could find, and also Pius II.—that learned Pontiff had a goodly number made who, fifteen

years before, for him. While certain books had wondered that the Latin were being made which his tongue had penetrated as far lordship desired, he abode as Britain — was the highest some days in Florence, and tribute that could have been wished to see the whole place. paid to Tiptoft's attainments. Without attendants, alone and John Free, who may have been empty-handed, he went about; a witness of the scene, describes and if he was told to go to how the Pope burst into tears the right hand, he went to of joy as he listened to Tipthe left,”-an excellent method toft's eloquence. If only Time of sight - seeing truly, which had spared the oration, we may be commended to the might form a clearer judgment. idly obedient traveller of to- But the centuries have dealt day. “And having heard of hardly with the orator, and the fame of Messer Giovanni we must accept a verdict at Argiropolo," thus Vespasiano second-hand. continues, "he desired to hear Harshly, too, have the cenone of his lectures at the turies treated the collections of school; and he came thither books, the divers choice and rare unknown, in the said manner, manuscripts which Tiptoft sent and he

well satisfied to Duke Humphrey's library with the teaching of Messer at Oxford. The skill whereGiovanni."

with he hunted for the masterA man of letters and of pieces of ancient literature, the exceeding wisdom - thus it is munificence wherewith he purthat Vespasiano sums him up chased them, were legendary after his simple fashion, send in his day. Ludovico Carbo, ing him on to Rome, where his friend of Ferrara, whom he "visited the Pontiff and he would have carried with the Cardinals and the other him to England, adds his prelates who were there.” It testimony to the sure know

at Rome, indeed, that ledge of Vespasiano. “He Tiptoft won his highest tri. despoiled the libraries of Italy, ” umph and gave the best

best says Carbo, “that he might



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