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industries in foreign lands”; “Sport,” the author of 'Eng. and he asserts distinctly that land and the English' says “England for the first time in “It is not the business of her history is falling behind.” this chapter to discuss the

Our author does not advo- question as to whether a cate fiscal reform as a remedy hard-drinking, hard-riding, for these evils. He only once game-playing, outdoor-loving mentions it, as though its ob- people will continue to hold ject was “to enable those be- their own against such rivals tween fifteen and sixty to make as America, Germany, and enough in forty-five years to Japan. Personally, I believe be able to take care of the we stand at the parting of unfortunate young and the the ways, and that the studshiftless old as well as them- ent of England and the Engselves." But another Amer- lish is looking on to-day at ican, who claims a Scottish the first indications of the ancestry, writing in the Ob- decay of, in many respects, server' of 17th October, while the greatest empire the world this article was in the press, has ever seen.

The sun that deals with these same figures never sets is setting. Noof exports and imports and thing but a tremendous, alemigration, and with pauper- most miraculous, wrench can ism. He says: “The first sign turn our stout, red-cheeked, of failure on the part of a honest, sport - loving John country to employ its own lab- Bull away from his habits our is emigration, and those of centuries, to compete with who cannot or will not seek his virile body against the employment in foreign lands nervous intelligence of a fall lower and lower, until scientific age. His game of they become dependent on the settlement on the land, there rates and become paupers ”; to raise his crops, there to and points out that in this play, there to live in peace, country one

there

to expand himself thirty-six is absolutely depend- till he occupies his present on the taxes of the country, ent large proportion of it, a drain no other country on he has played to perfection. earth has to face." This he But the nations are playing attributes to our so-called free a new game now, and some trade. He deals also with the of them seem to play it more prices of food, and shows that brilliantly, and more successEnglish prices compare Un- fully, than he does. Though favourably for the consumer one may praise, and praise with prices in America, the honestly, the game he has highest protected country. played, and the manly way, And finally, he sums up with upon the whole, he has a scathing indiotment against played it, this need not inthe free trade socialistio prin- terfere in the least with the ciples of our Government. conviction that he is be

At the end of his chapter on ing caught up with—which

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means, of course, ere long Again laying stress upon the left behind-in the far more evil of Socialism, and of inscientific game that Ger- dividual dependence upon the many, Japan, and America State, urging that the presentare now playing.'

day doctrines are not suited In his final chapter, “Con- to the race, he says: “For the clusion,” he says: “We have moment the novelty of the remarked more than once in situation stirs a certain numthese pages

that there were ber of them, and there are selfhere and there signs of de- appointed leaders in plenty to cadence in England, that urge them on. But not until perhaps we may be looking the Saxon ceases to be on at the parting of the Saxon will he really take to ways in the history of this this kindly and eagerly. If colossal Empire. If this be that time ever comes, then true, we have put our finger indeed the British Empire will on the sore spot. Their his- crumble fast enough.” He tory, their traditions and pre- tells us that he can only see cedents, all point away from three contingencies that may this modern tendency to lean save us—“ War, an Imperial upon the State.

Federation, and the steadiness 'England has been stead- of the people. . . . The last ily increasing her taxation, is, of course, the serious and steadily increasing the toll valuable asset. For a thousand upon large fortunes of late, years these people have held flirting in short with the to the same general lines of theory that the curbing of progress. Let the best govern, wealth

distribution let the rest alone.” to the poor, and now she is Will the Saxon's steadfastaghast at the number of the ness assert itself in the comunemployed, and at the de- ing day of trial? Or will the crease in her export and demagogues who preach reimport trade. Just why volution of class against class, capital should continue to who would destroy individual. offer itself upon the altar ism, self-dependence, and thrift, of taxation indefinitely it is and fill this liberty-loving, selfhard to see, and yet without governing land with an army capital, and capital encour- of inquisitorial State officials, aged and protected, there succeed in perverting the comcan be no employment of mon-sense of the Saxon race, labour, and no increasing and so lead England to its commerce and industry.” downfall ?

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means

Printed by William Blackwood and Sons.

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SUBEDAR HAIDER was tak- motives not to be too closely ing his ease seated on a bed- investigated, and, on the whole, stead made of twisted strands serve loyally under the handful of the dwarf palm in the ver- of British officers who control andah of his quarters in the them. Of such was Subedar Dozak Post, one of the in- Haider, and the short Leenumerable small forts strung Enfield rifle lying ready to his along the North-West Frontier hand on the bedstead beside of India from the Black Moun- him was the symbol of his tain to the confines of the reasons for joining the service Persian deserts, in

in which,

which, of the British Government. among barren hills, on wide Sleeping or waking, this rifle stony plateaus, or on pine-clad never left him except when it mountain - tops, in scorching was hung over his shoes on a heat or biting winds sweeping peg on the outer wall of the down from Central Asia, a Masjid, where Haider said his body of servants of the Empire

Empire prayers five times in the day. live hard lives, fight, die, and For this there was good are forgotten. They are men reason. On the beautifully of the Border tribes, for none polished stock of the rifle were other could stand the hardship twenty-six notches of various and monotony or the strain of sizes—each recording the death life in the shadow of battle, of an enemy. The nineteenth murder, and sudden death. notch was the biggest. It was They enlist from both sides of notched six years back, when, the Border in these Levies, in the grey of the early mornMilitias, and Military Police ing, Haider had taken careful (which are not part of the aim at the figure of a woman Indian Army), for various emerging from a neighbouring

VOL, CLXXXVI—NO. MCXXX.

30

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