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the omnivorous scholar had University of Paris"; Rabanus been collecting material for Maurus and Eginhard; Williwhat he called an Ecclesiastical brord and Boniface-all, all are History of Scotland, which was Soots, while, as already menin reality nothing but a cata- tioned, the name of Scotus logue raisonné of writers real encouraged him to appropriate or imaginary. The unlucky Fursey and Patrick and half

Nomenclature of Scottish the Irish list of saints. With Writers' had been published them, too, he captured the as a kind of specimen of this Doctors of the Law. Duns work, and quite undeterred by Scotus of course falls a victim the protests and corrections at once; and as to Joannes tendered to him, Dempster Erigena, what can be clearer? proceeded to repeat with ex- The name is doubtless Airigena, aggerations every mistake he and he was born at Ayr, a nothad made in his first publi- able town in Scotland. Nor is it cation; he even issued a separ- sufficient for him to enumerate ate volume containing nine twelve hundred or more Calearguments to prove Boniface, donian worthies; he multiplies the Wessex apostle of Germany, them by making two or three to have been a Scot, and saints out of one; he has three twelve more to establish a Kilians and five Columbas. claim to Duns Scotus. The From one Bernard the Monk, full “History" itself was only who had as much to do with published after his death, and Scotland as with Cathay, and then only when it had been who wrote a few pages of sufficiently bedevilled

by description of the Holy Land Romanist Soots, who in parti. in the ninth century, cular had garbled the passage, Thomas evolves two saints, above alluded to, about the one of them Abbot of Holywood massacre of Saint Bartholo- in Dumfriesshire and author of mew's Day. Its absurdities ten books on the history of they never attempted to cor- Jerusalem, which he, Dempster, rect: it stands as à monument has seen! Nay, if the aveng. of wrongheaded patriotism. ing Irishman is right, he acDempster begins by accepting tually manufactured à Saint that shining light of mendacity, Amphibalus (he gives two in Hector Boyce, or Boethius, as the “History ") out of Saint an unimpeachable authority, Alban's "cloak" (amphibalus in and then of his own wickedness Low Latin). And all his and malice prepense goes on to worthies must have written claim as Scots half the medi- something: from Fergus I, eval saints of Europe. French- long before the Christian era, men, Frisians, Germans, Welsh- downwards,- Bards, Druids, men, Englishmen, Goths,—he and Culdees, he is ready with sweeps them all in.

If one of lists of their works; and he them passed a night in Scot- puts the coping-stone on abland he is reckoned a surdity when he ascribes to Scottish writer. Bede and Boadicea, who was of course Alouin, who “ founded the & Sootswoman, half a dozen



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books on affairs military, in- of the original Doomster or cluding On Shaking Deemster-he is right enough off the Roman Yoke.' As his far whose court authority he refers to one formed by twelve assessors “Tiraquellus.

called the Keys; the whole

; Now Dempster has been arrangement being afterwards often accused of downright transferred to Mona's isle. forgery-invention of authori. He cannot quite appropriate ties who never existed. It is King Arthur, but he claims difficult to prove that. In one Merlin, and lays hands on case he has been triumphantly “Saint ” Guinevere, who was vindicated: James Kyd or captured in battle by the Cadanus, whom he mentions Picts and Scots when they as having taught at Toulouse defeated Arthur, and whose about 1500, was long supposed tomb did such very questionto be a mythical person; he able miracles that it had to was real enough. But that be fenced in to prevent their Thomas did wickedly misquote repetition. His account of and distort his authorities is Queen Mary and her relations true; as when

with the "she-wolf of Engphrase from a hymn to Saint land” is, as might be exBoniface not, as in the original, pected, fantastic. “pious martyr” but “Scottish In spite of these vagaries, martyr”; and “Tiraquellus” is there is an immense amount

in point. Tiraquellus of research embodied in the lived and wrote—wrote a good Ecclesiastical History. On his deal; the only fault in the continual wanderings Dempster reference is that the passage had had access to sources of quoted deals not with Boadicea Scottish history then and long at all, but with lady doctors after unpublished, and some from the beginning of

the since lost: Fordun's manuworld, headed by the nymph script he had seen, and Mill's Hygieia! and from one learn Lives of the Bishops of Dunall.

keld, and Newton's lost hisHis history is not above tory of those of Dunblane. reproach either. Fergus II. And again, he had known or may have been at the capture had gathered information as of Rome by Alaric. But to scores of those Scottish Edward I. (specifically de- scholars who in the sixteenth scribed as Longshanks) was century and later taught in not defeated at Bannockburn, half the universities of Europe, nor did he flee


and whose memorial had wellsmall boat leaving a bard, nigh perished with them. Of whom he had brought with one of such scholars, poor and him to sing his praises, to proud, he gives a graphic and chant those of the Bruce. touching account. HalkerEven the Manx patriot is stone or Hackerston was his plundered of his antiquities: name, of kin belike to Hackhe, Dempster, is a descendant ston of Rathillet, and Dempster






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found him starving in London, which distinguished the Scot He had been a soldier and a of those days.1 In fine, could post with a

neat turn for Dempster here have checked epigram: what he was doing his rabid patriotism he might, in London does not appear with his sources of informaHe and Dempster walked tion, have produced a really through the city till the valuable work: as it is, we dinner - hour, but nothing can only re-echo Bishop Lloyd's would induce him to accept remark that “Dempster the the big man's jovial invita- Jesuit (which he was not) tion; rather he insisted on

as well inclined to besharing with him his own

own lieve a lie

as any man in poor bread and beans. Nor his time" (which he was, would he take money as

wherever Scotland was conloan, which he knew he could cerned). Scotland, he assured not repay, though he did ac- the University of Bolognacept &

small gift. “And Scotland, the possessor of a now,” says Dempster, “I hear line of kings unbroken for he is dead of starvation.” 2000


Scotland had Sad enough: we turn gladly conquered Rome and civilised to a delightful ghost story of Europe by teaching it the oue Saint Æmilian, who was Civil Law, Even for the buried at Faenza, and his for- Caledonian midge, as we have gotten grave contumeliously seen, when boiled, he had a covered with hay. This he good word. resented by rising up and We take our leave of the boxing the ears of any per- big man with regret. A big sons who might engage in man he was, alike in body, in conversation over his head, temper, and in learning. And until the mutual recrimina- as to his exaggerated patriottion thence arising led to ism, is it not a pleasure in the discovery and proper these anæmio days

days to readornment of his tomb, from member a man whose opinions which in future issued not were those of our grandfathers' buffets but perfumes of Araby. famous toast : “Our Country!

He gives, too, most horrible In her dealings with foreign and quite unrepeatable details powers may she ever be in of the murder of Cardinal the right! but, right or wrong, Beaton by Norman Leslie and our Country!”

our Country!” Had Johnson of the death of the homicide, lived in the days of Dempster, which do not seem to be re- Dempster would have abused corded elsewhere, but which him when alive for an Englishare terribly consonant with man, and canonised him as a the desire for "picturesque. Scot after death. ness of dramatic revenge


1 The story is given by Pitscottie, but the brutal insult is attributed not to Norman Leslie but to "ane knaif" named Guthrie, of whom it is refreshing to read that he "thraif never the better efterwarts."

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As I review the earlier

is necessary
to preserve

of my life in London, I wish sequence of my narrative.
to keep silence about all mat- At that time I had no in-
ters of a specially confidential tention of abandoning the
nature, and at the same time profession of my choice, and
to avoid loading these pages it was not till ten years later
with mere gossip and trivial that I entered the Civil
details. I am the only sur- Service. My immediate ob-
vivor of those who had jective was admission to the
knowledge of the graver mat- English Bar. For though a
ters to which I allude; and soeptic both by temperament
while the disclosure of them and training, I have long held
now would lend sensational a firm belief in the capacity
interest to my story, it would of Irish agitatore to impose

no useful public pur- upon English statesmen pose. Apart from these, in- belief that is shared by all deed, incidents abounded which Irishmen, not excepting the might, with a little dressing agitators themselves, — and, as up,

afford material for a novel. I anticipated the evils which I was in a position, moreover, agitation has in fact brought to know all that was worth upon Ireland, I wished to be knowing in the sphere of free of the Law Courts at ordinary Police work at Scot- Westminster as well

in land Yard. For Sir Richard Dublin. Mayne had placed the de- I may here say once for all tective department at my dis- that, though called to the posal; and as I soon gained English Bar, I never engaged the confidence and good - will in Court practice in England. of the officers, they not only for every time I tried to helped me loyally in my in- break free from Government quiries respecting political work something occurred to crime, but spoke to me with make me postpone the crisis. out reserve about their “cases Mr Liddell's friendship had and all ordinary Police busi- much to do with it. He

All this, however, is had a magnetic influence over ancient history, and the years me; and he always urged in question shall be dismissed me to remain at Whitehall, with

more notice than assuring me again and again








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that I was “certain to get malignity of these journalists something good.” When the conveyed to the public a wholly change of Government false impression of Mr Bruce's curred in December 1869 I administration of the Home seriously contemplated going Office. He was prejudiced also back to Ireland. Not on the by appointing as his Private score of party politics—for I Secretary a man who, though have never been a party man, clever and amiable, was want-but because, I have ing in tact and common-sense. already said, my friendly re- The absurd Fenian lations with my official chiefs which followed “the Clerkenweighed much with me, and well explosion” naturally led on that account I feared to a revival of Fenian activity. change of masters. “I don't Ricard Burke, who instigated know how you feel, but I'm that outrage, was succeeded by devilish miserable,” was Lid- Michael Davitt as "arms agent" dell's greeting to me the day to the conspirators, and, unlike the change took place. But most of their paid officials, he it is not the wicked only who served them honestly and well. are disquieted in vain. For So much so, indeed, that dur. the change of masters served ing the year 1869 the illicit only to bring me new friends. introduction of arms into IreAnd as regards the political land became matter of element involved, I cannot but anxiety to the Irish Governcontrast the change of December ment. And such is the fatuity 1868 with that of December of Government methods and 1905, for Mr Bruce at once ways, that this very time was announced that he was satis- chosen by the War Office to fied that everything approved sell off stores of discarded rifles. by Mr Hardy must be right, The Fenians were thus enabled and all was to go on as usual to purchase at “knock-out in the Office.

prices better arms than had Not that he was

a weak ever been carried by British man. He was in fact one of troops in actual warfare; and the best Home Secretaries of quantities of these were smugmy time—a man of judgment gled into Ireland for the use of and discretion, a thorough the rebels. We were aware of gentleman, a good lawyer, and what was doing; but there is & pleasing speaker.

a great difference between getthe staff of two of the leading ting information and obtaining newspapers there were certain evidence for a treason - felony Government officials who, for prosecution, and it was not till some reason or other, were his February 1870 that Davitt and enemies. One of them was a his partner in the business fell Metropolitan Police magistrate, into our clutches. and the other was still more Davitt's life - story is not closely connected with Scot. without interest. When he land Yard ; and the persistent was but twelve years of age


But on

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