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Commander, somewhat taken out symptoms of appreciation aback.

in his voice. “You say all this There was no need to, sir,” took place at 1 A.M. It's 3 P.M. replied the Curate, picking up now. What have you been at a choice fallen morsel from off all these hours in your cart ?” the ground, inspecting it, and The Curate evidently thought rejecting it with a look of dis- that his Commanding Officer appointment. “Sergeant F- was not pleased. “We really got behind the joker and just had to go very slowly at the caught him one in the back start,” he explained in some with the butt-end-enough to trepidation; "we might have make him gasp and cough and got off the road, and then we splutter; and after that, al- should have been done, and it though the good lady bawled didn't get light enough to see at us and the youngsters shook for several hours. Then, totheir fists, the boss got ever so wards dawn, when our diffimuch more sensible. He talked culties as to keeping to the English and seemed to realise road ended, we saw a lot of that there was something to be Boers about and we had to said on our side."

make one or two longish dé“Was he a loyal farmer, tours. After that it took no by any chance ?” put in the end of time visiting the differIntelligence-Merchant who was ent farms as we came along, leaning in through the V. and at one place we had to shaped opening of the tent, his hide-cart and all-for quite eyes almost starting out of his half an hour: luckily the farmer head with suppressed excite- was on our side-or said he ment. “There's Du Plessis out was." there, just about where you “But what in the world did must have been, and he's sup- you want to be visiting the posed to be as straight as a different farms for," demanded

” die and sends in information. the Second-in-Command, “abCould it have been him, do you senting yourself when I might think?"

have wanted you

here?" “I don't know,” responded

The Curate turned brick-red the Curate. “To tell you the in sudden dismay. “I really truth, it did not occur to me to didn't think you would like me inquire the gentleman's name to drive past a lot of farms nor to ascertain his views on like that without getting what current topics. You see, we I could,” he urged, watching hadn't knocked him up in the his Commanding Officer's face small hours to discuss politics in an agony of apprehension. with him. We wanted his “I hope you don't mind much. cape-cart and we got his It seemed to me that there cape-oart.”

might never be such a chance “Go on, Curate, and don't again; and,” gathering courbe so discursive, said the

age, as a matter of fact, we Second-in-Command, not with- didn't do at all 80 badly.

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There's a whole heap of bread Finally, he had traversed a and a great big fowl to come district in broad daylight over from the cart; and there's which was held by foes who quite five dozen eggs — they were alert and on the watch, asked a lot but I beat them a district through which, not down,—and,” putting the sug- twelve hours before, a column gestion forward tentatively and comprising horse, foot, and with a becoming humility, “I artillery had fled like thieves thought that perhaps we might escaping in the night; and on spare some of them for the the way he had driven about Colonel's mess.”

from farm to farm haggling He had, by favour of good with the wives and families of fortune and of his own sound probably some of the very men nerves and pluck, foiled the who composed the hostile enemy at the moment when bands, over eggs! The lieuthe trap so nearly closed upon tenant made in Germany may his troop. Then, with his three have soaked up more of the comrades, he had found his theory of the art of war, but way for miles through un- thrust the pair of them into a known country on a moonless dilemma for which no regulanight; while on his dangerous tion has been framed, and the and anxious journey he had by British subaltern's resource a happy inspiration made him and individuality will see him self master of the means to through, while Herr Kamerad move with ease and rapidity. is pondering confounded.


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THERE is a proud satisfac- cessfully invaded, and those tion in the memory that, who are asked to guard our whenever the safety of Eng- shores have cherished no sure land has been threatened, there hope of shedding their blood has been no lack of men to or giving their life upon the volunteer in her defence. Our field of battle. For this very patriotism is not a mere matter reason they deserve a keener of lip-service. We are not con- sympathy, a higher praise. tent to shout in the streets; They have worked hard to and though, wrongly, as we understand the duties of a think, our citizens are not soldier, and they have worked compelled to carry arms by without the glory, which is the mere fact of their citizen- the end of the soldier's amship, they have always an- bition. And, as we have said, swered the country's call. The they have never grudged their enemies of England are wont dull and patient service. In to declare that nothing but every age there is the same panic will move us. Even if tale to tell. For instance, in this be true, it is true also 1779, when all the world was that, when once we are moved, arrayed against England, the we know better than the men task of strengthening the of any other nation how to defences of the country was conceal the signs of panic, and undertaken with unexampled if our Volunteers have not speed and generosity, The always replied until the cry Act of Parliament, which auis raised of “the country thorised those who would to in danger," they have then raise loyal corps of Volunteers, borne themselves with soldier- was not passed quickly enough ly steadiness, and have been to suit the temper of Englishready to resist the invader men. “Long before Volunteers without haste and without could be thought of,” says Mr fear.

“ noblemen

and The story of the Volunteers gentlemen came forward with cannot vie with the story of offers to raise regular regithe Army in colour and pictur- ments at their own expense; esqueness. They are not en- and within two months thirveloped in an atmosphere of teen regiments of infantry for romance. Prepared as they general service, three regialways were for the last ments of fencible infantry, sacrifice, they have been called å twenty-second regiment of upon to face no worse enemies light dragoons, and yet another than heavy showers or long small corps of cavalry, were all marches under a summer sun. raising without cost to the It is wellnigh a thousand country. . . . At the same years since England was suc- time corps of Volunteers sprang

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into life all over England. the Orsini bomb, manufactured Middlesex led the way with in London, was misinterpreted twenty-four companies, the as a proof of England's ill-will. Tower Hamlets followed with Aband of French colonels, in sis, and the Board of Works congratulating the Emperor and Artificers of Somerset on his escape, employed the House with four more.' The language of threats against counties lagged not behind the Great Britain, and challenged zeal of London, and in less

an equal number of English than six months more than officers to mortal combat. The 75,000 men had inaugurated challenge smacked of Opera successfully the Territorial sys- Bouffe, and was not taken up, tem.

but it caused an outburst of Five-and-twenty years later warlike loyalty, and from one there was another outburst of end of Great Britain to the martial activity. Napoleon's other a demand was made for threatened descent upon Eng- Volunteers. It is matter of land armed in our island every history how speedily the defreeman. Pitt, not content mand was supplied. From with raising & corps of 3000 Cornwall to Caithness corps men, trailed a pike himself. were enrolled, which undertook Learned and unlearned joined "to provide their own arms in this national enterprise. and equipments, and to defray The universities vied with the all expenses.” It suited Naworkshops in providing the poleon's purpose to despise the country with zealous defenders, army of Volunteers thus raised and so closely did the fear of to thwart him. Said he: “You invasion then take hold of the are with the aid of lies raising people, that when in 1859

a large army with a view to there was another call for its becoming an institution of Volunteers, the organisations the country, and to make it which had strengthened the permanent. But you will be hands of Pitt were not every- egregiously deceived. where extinct. Why it was Your new - fangled military that in 1859 we seemed to scheme will turn out, as it stand in need of defence may should do, a vagary of the be easily explained. Napoleon moment. You will find what III. was an ally in whom Eng. I say come true. The force is land had little faith. He held illusory." It was Napoleon, his empire on the uncertain not England, that was detenure of military glory. Aceived. The force was not ilconstant succession of adven- lusory. It has existed for half tures appeared necessary to a century, despite lack of symthe secure maintenance of his pathy and neglect, and though throne. Restlessness on the to-day it has changed its name, one side was met with distrust it survives as the nucleus of on the other. The explosion of another and a larger army.

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1 History of the British Army,' vol. iii. p. 290.

The history of the movement orous and alert, and while is still to be written, and as it it contains not a little techtouches the manners of an nical discussion, it is written epoch as well as the welfare of in so lively and luminous a the Empire it is well worth style that it will interest those writing. Meanwhile two excel- who know nothing of drill and lent books have been published, could not define such simple which set forth at length and terms as “touch” or “right in in detail one chapter of this front.” But, as we have said, unwritten history. They are the two books supplement one well designed for simultaneous another, and may most wisely publication, for most ingeni- be consulted together. ously do they supplement one Before we discuss Sir John another. Major-General Grier- Macdonald's book it is worth son’s book is a work of pro- while to consider what was found research, & mine of the use and purpose of the invaluable information. It is Volunteers when they were the stuff whereof history is enrolled in 1859. And here made, and no one will ever we cannot do better than refer venture to write of the Volun- any who are still interested in teers without consulting this the Volunteer movement to grave treatise. It omits noth- Part I. of Major - General ing which touches the life, the Grierson's excellent volume, prowess, the accoutrements of where will be found a full and the Scottish Volunteer Force. comprehensive account of the Its pictorial representation of origin and history of the the uniforms is clear and ac- force. The Volunteers curately coloured, and if it be intended, of course, for the not the kind of book which defence of Great Britain. It you will read after dinner in not for them to fight an arm-chair it will stand for their country's battles abroad ever a complete and au

or to

to protect our great dethentic record. Sir John Mac- pendencies from mutiny or donald's Fifty Years of It'is aggression. At the same time, composed upon another plan. as Sir John points out, the It makes little pretence to Volunteer did not play at system; it does not attempt to soldiers; he did not find an exhaust its subject; rather it attraction in a uniform and a shows us the history of the band, nor was he putting off Edinburgh Volunteers as its the day of compulsory serviceauthor saw them, and inci- now at last not far distant-by dentally it paints a vivid por- pretending to the public that trait of the author himself. it had a defensive force which In other words, it is hum- was equal to the last emerg





1 'Fifty Years of It: The Experiences and Struggles of a Volunteer of 1859.' By J. H. A. Macdonald. Edinburgh and London : W. Blackwood & Sons.

* Records of the Scottish Volunteer Force, 1859-1908.' By Major-General J. M. Grierson, C.V.O., C.B., C.M.G., Commanding the First Division of the Army, Aldershot Command. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood & Sons.

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