The Legacy of Anomie Theory

Front Cover
Freda Adler, William S. Laufer
Transaction Publishers - Social Science - 449 pages

This sixth volume Advances in Criminological Theory is testimony to a resurgent interest in anomie-strain theory, which began in the mid-1980s and continues unabated into the 1990s. Contributors focus on the new body of empirical research and theorizing that has been added to the anomie tradition that extends from Durkheim to Merton. The first section is a major, 75-page statement by Robert K. Merton, examining the development of the anomie-and-opportunity-struc-ture paradigm and its significance to criminology.

The Legacy of Anomie Theory assesses the theory's continuing usefulness, explains the relevance of Merton's concept of goals/means disparity as a psychological mechanism in the explanation of delinquency, and compares strain theory with social control theory. A macrosociological theoretical formulation

is used to explain the association between societal development and crime rates. In other chapters, anomie is used to explain white-collar crime and to explore the symbiotic relationship between Chinese gangs and adult criminal organizations within the cultural, economic, and political context of the American-Chinese community.

Contributors include: David F. Greenberg, Sir Leon Radzinowicz, Richard Rosenfeld, Steven F. Messner, David Weisburd, Ellen Chayet, Ko-lin Chin, Jeffrey Pagan, John P. Hoffmann, Timothy Ireland, S. George Vincent-nathan, Michael J. Lynch, W. Byron Groves, C. Ray Jeffery, Gilbert Geis, Thomas J. Bernard, Nikos Passas, Robert Agnew, Gary F. Jensen, Deborah V. Cohen, Elin Waring, and Bonnie Berry. The Legacy of Anomie Theory \s important for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to understand crime and violence in culture.

 

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Contents

The Emergence Diffusion and Differentiation of a Sociological Concept 1930s1950s
3
Merton versus Hirschi Who Is Faithful to Durkheims Heritage?
81
Continuities in the Anomie Tradition
91
The Contribution of SocialPsychological Strain Theory to the Explanation of Crime and Delinquency
113
Salvaging Structure through Strain A Theoretical and Empirical Critique
139
Crime and the American Dream An Institutional Analysis
159
Ethics and Crime in Business Firms Organizational Culture and the Impact of Anomie
183
WhiteCollar Crime and Anomie
207
Kristian Georgevich Rakovsky A Criminological Interlude Born 13 August 1873 Executed 11 September 1941 Rehabilitated February 1988
287
Contemporary Criminological Theory and Historical Data The Sex Ratio of London Crime
303
Social Reaction and Secondary Deviance in Culture and Society The United States and Japan
329
Discrepancies in the Control of Elite and LowerStatus Deviance A Theory of Multiple Control
349
In Defense of Comparative Criminology A Critique of General Theory and the Rational Man
367
Comments on Volume 3
395
A Review Rebuttal and Reconciliation of Cressey and Braithwaite and Fisse on Criminological Theory and Corporate Crime
399
Contributors
429

Social Order and Gang Formation in Chinatown
227
Cloward and Ohlins Strain Theory Reexamined An Elaborated Theoretical Model
247
Synnomie to Anomie A Macrosociological Formulation
271

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Page 7 - It is only when a system of cultural values extols, virtually above all else, certain common success-goals for the population at large while the social structure rigorously restricts or completely closes access to approved modes of reaching these goals for a considerable part of the same population, that deviant behavior ensues on a large scale.
Page 15 - In the world laboratory of the sociologist, as in the more secluded laboratories of the physicist and chemist, it is the successful experiment which is decisive and not the thousand-and-one failures which preceded it. More is learned from the single success than from the multiple failures. A single success proves it can be done. Thereafter, it is necessary only to learn what made it work. This, at least, is what I take to be the sociological sense of those revealing words of Thomas Love Peacock:...

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