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Here is bread, which strengthens man's heart, and therefore called the staff of life. 594

Matthew Henry : Commentaries. Psalm civ. Bread is the staff of life. 595

Swift: A Tale of a Tub. Preface. BRIBERY.

Flat burglary as ever was committed.

596 Shakespeare: Much Ado about Nothing. Act iv. Sc. 2. BUFFOONERY.

Buffoonery is often want of wit.
597 La Bruyere : Characters. Of Society and Conver-

sation. (Rowe, Translator.) BURDENS.

Money and time are the heaviest burdens of life, and the unhappiest of all mortals are those who have more of either than they know how to use. 598

Johnson: The Idler. No. 30. BUSINESS.

That which is everybody's business is nobody's business. 599 Izaak Walton: The Complete Angler. Pt. i. Ch. 2.



Public calamity is a mighty leveller.
600 Burke: Speech, March 22, 1775. On Conciliation

with America. Calamities that seem insupportable when looked at from a distance, lose half their power if met and resisted with fortitude.

James Fenimore Cooper. Jack Tier. Ch. 8. CALUMNY — see Perseverance, Reputation, Silence.

There is nothing which travels so fast as slander; nothing is more easily sent abroad, nothing is received more rapidly, nothing is spread more extensively. 602 Cicero : Orations. For C. Plancius. Sec. 23.

(Yonge, Translator.) A nickname a man may chance to wear out, but a system of calumny, pursued by a faction, may descend even to posterity. This principle has taken full effect on this state favorite. 603. Isaac Disraeli : Amenities of Literature. The

First Jesuits in England.

Calumny is the worst of evils. In it there are two who commit injustice, and one who is injured: for he who caluniniates another, acts unjustly by accusing one that is not present; and he acts unjustly who is persuaded before he has learnt the exact truth; and he that is absent when the charge is made is thus doubly injured, being caluminated by the one, and by the other deemed to be base.

604 Herodotus. Bk. vii. Sec. 10 (7). (Cary, Translator.)

Caluminy differs from most other injuries in this dreadful circumstance. He who commits it never can repair it. A false report may spread where a recantation never reaches; and an accusation must certainly fly faster than a defence while the greater part of mankind are base and wicked. The effects of a false report cannot be determined or circumscribed. 605 Johnson : Works. IX. 449. (Oxford Edition, 1825.)

Be thou as chaste as ice and pure as snow, thou shalt not escape calumny. 606

Shakespeare : Hamlet. Act iii. Sc. 1. It is a certain sign of an ill heart to be inclined to defamation. They who are harmless and innocent can have no gratification that way; but it ever arises from a neglect of what is laudable in a man's self, and an impatience of seeing it in another. 607

Sir Richard Steele : The Spectator. No. 427.


And now am I, if a man should speak truly, little better than one of the wicked.

608 Shakespeare: King Henry IV. Pt. i. Act i. Sc. 2.


'Faith, there have been many great men that have flattered the people, who ne'er loved them, and there be many that they have loved, they know not wherefore; so that if they love they know not why, they hate upon no better ground. 609

Shakespeare: Coriolanus. Act ii. Sc. 2. Faith, thou hast some crotchets in thy head now. 610 Shakespeare: Merry Wives of Windsor. Act ii. Sc. 1.


Want of care does us more damage than want of knowledge.
611 Benjamin Franklin : Poor Richard's Almanac.
Hang sorrow, care'll kill a cat.
612 Ben Jonson : Every Man in His Humor. Act i. Sc. 3.
Care is an enemy to life.

Shakespeare: Twelfth Night. Act i. Sc. 3.



This notion of cause is deeply rooted in every human mind. It is a universal idea, for all men have it. It is a necessary idea, for we cannot help having it, even if we deny its existence. It probably arises first in the mind on the occasion of our making an effort and seeing some result follow. Cause is an idea connected intimately with personal action, effort, choice the exercise of an intelligent will. 614

James Freeman Clarke: Ten Great Religions. It is a maxim in all philosophy, that causes which do not appear are to be considered as not existing.

615 Hume : Essays. XX. Of National Characters.

Nothing requires greater nicety, in our inquiries concerning human affairs, than to distinguish exactly what is owing to chance, and what proceeds from causes. 616 Hume : Essays. XIII. Of the Rise and the Progress

of the Arts and Sciences, There is occasions and causes why and wherefore in all



Shakespeare: King Henry V. Act v. Sc. 1. CAUTION.

Dangers, by being despised, grow great; so they do by absurd provision against them. 618 Burke: Speech, May 11, 1792. On the Petition of

the Unitarians. Early and provident fear is the mother of safety. 619 Burke: Speech, May 11, 1792. On the Petition of

the Unitarians. Forewarned, forearmed; to be prepared is half the victory. 620

Cervantes : Don Quixote. Pt. ii. Ch. 17.

(Jarris, Translator.) The cautious seldom err. Confucius : Analects. Bk. iv. Ch. 23. (Legge,

Translator.) We onght not to judge of men as of a picture or statue, at the first sight. 622 La Bruyere : Characters. Of Judgments. (Rowe,

Translator.) Reveal not to a friend every secret that you possess, for how can you tell but what he may some time or other become your enemy? 623 Saadi : The Gulistan. Ch. 8. Rules for Conduct

in Life. No. 10. Out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety. 624 Shakespeare : King Henry IV. Pt. i. Act ii. Sc. 3. In warning there is strength. 625

Lew Wallace: Ben-Hur. Bk. iv. Ch. 11,



The Christian cemetery is a memorial and a record. It is not a mere field in which the dead are stowed away unknown; it is a touching and beautiful history, written in family burialplots, in mounded graves, in sculptured and inscribed monuments. It tells the story of the past, - not of its institutions, or its wars, or its ideas, but of its individual lives, - of its men and women and children, and of its household. It is silent, but eloquent; it is common, but it is unique. We find no such history elsewhere; there are no records in all the wide world in which we can discover so much that is suggestive, so much that is pathetic and impressive. 626 Joseph Anderson: Address, Rirerside Cemetery,

Waterbury, Conn., June 11, 1885. Dedication

of the Hall Memorial Chapel. CENSURE.

The first proof of a man's incapacity for anything is his endeavoring to fix the stigma of failure upon others. 627

B. R. Haydon: Table Talk. CHANCE – see Cause, Hope, Result.

Nothing was ever said with uncommon felicity but by the co-operation of chance; and therefore wit, as well as valor, must be content to share its honors with fortune. 628

Johnson : The Idler. No. 58. Chance generally favors the prudent.

629 Joubert : Pensées. No. 147. (Attwell, Translator.) CHANGE - see Changeableness.

Change is inevitable in a progressive country. Change is constant. 630 Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield): Speech at Conser

vative Banquet, Edinburgh, Oct. 29, 1867. The things of the world are ever rising and falling, and in perpetual change; and this change must be according to the will of God, as he has bestowed upon man neither the wisdom nor the power to enable him to check it. The great lesson in these things is, that man must strengthen himself doubly at such times to fulfil his duty, and to do what is right, and must seek his happiness and inward peace from objects which cannot be taken away from him. 631 Wilhelm von Humboldt: Letters to a Female Friend.

(Couper, Translator.)
A man used to vicissitudes is not easily dejected.

Johnson : Rasselas. Ch. 12. Such is the state of life that none are happy but by the anticipation of change. The change itself is nothing: when we have made it the next wish is to change again. 633

Johnson : Rasselas. Ch. 47.


The sad vicissitude of things.
634 Laurence Sterne : Sermons. XVI. The Charac-

ter of Shimel.


Thy mind is a very opal.

Shakespeare : Twelfth Night. Act ii. Sc. 4. The food that to him now is as luscious as locusts shall be to him shortly as bitter as coloquintida. 636

Shakespeare : Othello. Act i. Sc. 3.

CHARACTER — see Conscience, Fate, Language,

Money, Prejudice, Pride, Repute, Society, Soli-
tude, Voice, World (The).
Be what you were meant to be.
637 A. Bronson Alcott : Table Talk. III. Pursuits.

One's Star. Character is a fact, and that is much in a world of pretence and concession. 638 A. Bronson Alcott: Table Talk. III. Pursuits.

One's Star. It is not what he has, nor even what he does, which directly expresses the worth of a man, but what he is. 639 Amiel : Journal, Dec. 15, 1859. (Mrs. Humphrey

Ward, Translator.) Only what thou art in thyself determines thy value, not what thou hast.

640 Auerbach : On the Heights. (Bennett, Translator.)
Character will draw after it condition.
641 Henry Ward Beecher : Proverbs from Plymouth

Happiness is not the end of life: character is.

Henry Ward Beecher : Life Thoughts. He is rich or poor according to what he is, not according to what he has. 643 Henry Ward Beecher : Proverbs from Plymouth

Pulpit. Many men build as cathedrals were built, - the part nearest the ground finished, but that pait which soars toward heaven, the turrets and the spires, forever incomplete.

Henry Ward Beecher : Life Thoughts. Sorrow makes men sincere, and anguish makes them earnest. 645 Henry Ward Beecher : The Life of Jesus, the

Christ. Ch. 12.

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