Optical Transmission Systems Engineering

Front Cover
Artech House, 2004 - Technology & Engineering - 288 pages
Optical networks are the backbones of today's telecommunications systems. If an optical network's transmission capability fails or is disrupted, telephone and Internet service is knocked out. This book is a practitioner's look at this essential aspect of telecommunications. The book offers professionals hands-on guidance in engineering optical networks for optimal performance. Real-world applications illustrate the principles of transmission engineering. Complete with tables containing signal and transmission condition data, this book is an indispensable tool for calculating and modeling network transmission capabilities. Telecommunications engineers and planners can use the series of transmission scenarios to ensure network transmission under worst case conditions. These transmission scenarios also enable network product developers to innovate high-performance, high-reliability optical transmission equipment. An overview of systems engineering and optical networking fundamentals quickly brings students and novices up-to-speed on a wide range of critical topics all practitioners need to understand.
 

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Contents

Introduction to Optical Bandwidth and Lightwave Paths
1
12 Optical Transmission System Definition
3
13 Organization of the Book
11
14 Summary
12
References
13
Optical Components as Constituents of Lightwave Paths
15
21 Semiconductor Light Sources
17
212 Semiconductor Lasers
18
45 Impact of Nonlinear Effects
138
46 Summary
145
Optical Transmission Systems Engineering
147
52 Receiver Sensitivity Handling
152
521 Receiver Sensitivity Defined by Shot Noise and Thermal Noise
153
522 Receiver Sensitivity Defined by Optical Preamplifier
156
523 Optical Signalto Noise Ratio
157
53 Power Penalty Handling
158

22 Optical Modulators
22
222 External Optical Modulation
23
23 Optical Fibers
26
231 SingleMode Optical Fibers
29
232 Optical Fiber Manufacturing and Cabling
33
24 Optical Amplifiers
37
25 Photodiodes
43
26 Key Optical Components
45
261 Optical Couplers Isolators Variable Optical Attenuators and Optical Circulators
46
262 Optical Switches
50
263 Optical Filters
51
264 Optical Multiplexers and Demultiplexers
57
27 Summary
59
Optical Signal Noise and Impairments Parameters
63
311 Output Signal Power
64
312 The Extinction Ratio
65
314 Photodiode Responsivity
67
32 Noise Parameters
68
321 Mode Partition Noise
71
322 Laser Intensity and Phase Noise
72
323 Modal Noise
73
324 Quantum Shot Noise
74
325 Dark Current Noise
77
327 Spontaneous Emission Noise
79
328 Noise Beat Components
81
329 Crosstalk Noise Components
82
33 Signal Impairments
84
332 Insertion Losses
85
334 Chromatic Dispersion
87
335 Polarization Mode Dispersion
101
336 SelfPhase Modulation
106
337 CrossPhase Modulation
113
338 FourWave Mixing
114
339 Stimulated Raman Scattering
117
3310 Stimulated Brillouin Scattering
120
34 Summary
123
Assessment of the Optical Transmission Limitations and Penalties
125
41 Attenuation Impact
126
42 Noise Impact
127
43 Modal Dispersion Impact
130
44 Polarization Mode Dispersion Impact
134
531 Power Penalty Due to Extinction Ratio
160
532 Power Penalty Due to Intensity Noise
161
533 Power Penalty Due to Timing Jitter
164
534 Power Penalty Due to Signal Crosstalk
165
535 Comparative Review of Power Penalties
167
536 Handling of Accumulation Effects
170
54 Systems Engineering and Margin Allocation
173
541 Systems Engineering of PowerBudget Limited Pointto Point Lightwave Systems
175
542 Systems Engineering of BandwidthLimited Pointto Point Lightwave Systems
177
543 Systems Engineering for HighSpeed Optical Transmission Systems
180
544 Optical Performance Monitoring
185
545 ComputerBased Modeling and Systems Engineering
187
55 Summary
191
References
192
Optical Transmission Enabling Technologies and Tradeoffs
193
611 Optical Amplifiers
194
612 Advanced Dispersion Compensation
202
613 Advanced Modulation Schemes
218
614 Advanced Detection Schemes
228
615 Forward Error Correction
231
616 Wavelength Conversion and Optical 3R
235
62 Transmission System Engineering Tradeoffs
241
621 Optical Fiber Type Selection
242
622 Spectral Efficiency
243
623 Chromatic Dispersion Management
245
624 Optical Power Level
246
625 Optical Path Length
247
63 Summary
248
References
249
Optical Transmission Systems Engineering Toolbox
251
72 Electromagnetic Field and the Wave Equation
252
73 The Propagation Equation for SingleMode Optical Fiber
255
74 Frequency and Wavelength of the Optical Signal
258
76 Semiconductors as Basic Materials for Lasers and Photodiodes
260
77 Laser Rate Equations
265
78 Modulation of an Optical Signal
267
710 Summary
269
List of Acronyms
271
About the Author
275
Index
277
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Milorad Cvijetic is chief technology strategist for Optical Network Products at NEC America. The author of more than 40 papers and two books, he is an active speaker and organizer of industry conferences, as well as a member of the IEEE Communications Society and LEOS. He earned both his M.Sc. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering at the University of Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

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