Crusade Or Conspiracy?: Catholics and the Anti-communist Struggle in Australia

Front Cover
UNSW Press, 2001 - History - 491 pages
The split in the Labor Party in the mid 1950's was the culmination of an enormous struggle for the soul of the party, waged by fair means or foul. Locked in bitter ideological dispute were, on the one hand, a small but energetic group of Communists and their sympathizers and, on the other, anti-Communist forces led by B.A. Santamaria. Santamaria's role, and the activities of his semi-clandestine - organization, the Movement, created enormous controversy within the Catholic Church. The split and its aftermath had a profound impact on the landscape of Australian politics up to the present day. Drawing on previously unreleased documents, this is the first comprehensive account of the events leading up to the split. Bruce Duncan interviewed many of the key players and has had access to archives not open to previous scholars working on this topic. This is likely to be the definitive work on the Movement, just as Stuart Macintyre's book The Reds will be the standard reference on the Communist Party of Australia. Illustrated with black & white photographs.
 

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Contents

The origins of Catholic Action and anticommunism in Australia
9
In search of a Catholic social program
29
War and reconstruction
44
Catholic anticommunist movements
57
The national Catholic Social Studies Movement
73
THE ANTICOMMUNIST BATTLE JOINED 19461951
95
The nationalisation debate threatens Catholic unity
108
The Cold War
122
Evatt attacks
225
The Split opens
244
Carroll versus Santamaria
262
The collapse of the national Movement
277
Santamarias breakaway Catholic Social Movement
296
The appeal to Rome
310
The Vatican intervenes
329
Defying the Vatican
348

The coal strike and the Socialist Objective
135
Turn of the Red tide
158
SPLITS IN THE CHURCH AND LABOR 19521956
173
The gathering storm
205
Aftermath
375
NOTES
410
SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
457
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