## Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Volume 9, Part 5American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1990 - Arctic regions |

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Page 99

Finite

Finite

**element**modelling usually necessitates the use of three - dimensional**elements**, which are ... Extensive finite**element**tests , which have been carried out in order to verify the overall modelling theory , are described .Page 101

FINITE

FINITE

**ELEMENT**MODELLING OF LAYERED PIPE The development of equilibrium equations for thin isotropic and orthotropic ... One**element**is used to model each individual layer so that the number of**elements**through the pipe thickness equals ...Page 102

Nonlinear Analysis of Flexible Risers Using Hybrid Finite

Nonlinear Analysis of Flexible Risers Using Hybrid Finite

**Elements**" , Transactions of the ASME , JOMAE , Vol . 110 , August 1988 , pp.197-204 . A composite pipe is now considered using the same mesh density as before .### What people are saying - Write a review

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addition analysis applied approach assessment assumed bending calculations caused considered CONTINUE corrosion crack damage deformation depth described diameter direction displacement distribution effect energy Engineering ensemble equations factors failure field Figure flow force fracture function given hole included increase initial installation internal layer length limit load material maximum measured mechanical method mode movement obtained occurred Offshore operation parameters pipe pipeline plastic plate platform position predicted presented pressure probability problem procedure properties radial range ratio reduced relative reliability resistance response safety scaling scour seabed shown shows simulated soil solution span stability steel strain strength stress structure subsea surface Table term thickness toughness tracers tube uncertainty values valve variables wall wave weight weld