## Elements of X-ray Diffraction1 Properties of X-rays 2 Geometry of Crystals 3 Diffraction I: Directions of Diffracted Beams 4 Diffraction II: Intensities of Diffracted Beams 5 Diffraction III: Non-Ideal Samples 6 Laure Photographs 7 Powder Photographs 8 Diffractometer and Spectrometer 9 Orientation and Quality of Single Crystals 10 Structure of Polycrystalline Aggregates 11 Determination of Crystal Structure 12 Precise Parameter Measurements 13 Phase-Diagram Determination 14 Order-Disorder Transformation 15 Chemical Analysis of X-ray Diffraction 16 Chemical Analysis by X-ray Spectrometry 17 Measurements of Residual Stress 18 Polymers 19 Small Angle Scatters 20 Transmission Electron Microscope |

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1-5 ABSORPTION Further understanding of the electronic transitions which can

occur in atoms can be gained by ... In differential form, -7 = u dx (1-9) where the

proportionality constant plis called the linear

1-5 ABSORPTION Further understanding of the electronic transitions which can

occur in atoms can be gained by ... In differential form, -7 = u dx (1-9) where the

proportionality constant plis called the linear

**absorption coefficient**and is ...Page 12

or gaseous state, its mass

of the mass

the weight fractions of elements 1, 2, etc., in the substance and (usp), (11/p)2, etc.

, ...

or gaseous state, its mass

**absorption coefficient**is simply the weighted averageof the mass

**absorption coefficients**of its constituent elements. If wr, wo, etc., arethe weight fractions of elements 1, 2, etc., in the substance and (usp), (11/p)2, etc.

, ...

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Similarly, for a high-angle reflection, absorption of both the incident and diffracted

beams occurs along a path such as (DE + ... The specimen is usually a powder

compact, with an

Similarly, for a high-angle reflection, absorption of both the incident and diffracted

beams occurs along a path such as (DE + ... The specimen is usually a powder

compact, with an

**absorption coefficient**given by - (**) (4 12) Pocompact Alsolid ...### What people are saying - Write a review

#### LibraryThing Review

User Review - ron_benson - LibraryThingExcellent reference book. Needs some updating in terms of advances in detector technology. Read full review

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### Common terms and phrases

alloy AuCu austenite axes axis back-reflection Bragg angle Bragg's law Bravais lattice calculated camera composition constant copper crystallite cubic curve decreases density detector determined diffracted beam diffracted intensity diffraction lines diffraction pattern diffractometer direction effect electrons energy equation error Ewald sphere example extrapolation face-centered face-centered cubic factor film fraction given grain hexagonal Hull/Debye–Scherrer incident beam indices integrated intensity lattice parameter lattice points Laue pattern Laue spots layer martensite measured metal normal observed obtained orthorhombic parallel peak percent phase photographic pinhole plane plot pole figure position powder pattern preferred orientation produce projection pulses radiation rays reciprocal lattice reciprocal space reflection relative rotation sample scattering shown in Fig shows slit solid solution space specimen stress substance superlattice surface symmetry temperature tetragonal texture tion transmission unit cell vector voltage wave wavelength x-ray diffraction x-ray tube