Byzantine Jewry in the Mediterranean Economy
Using primary sources, Joshua Holo uncovers the day-to-day workings of the Byzantine-Jewish economy in the middle Byzantine period. Built on a web of exchange systems both exclusive to the Jewish community and integrated in society at large, this economy forces a revision of Jewish history in the region. Paradoxically, the two distinct economic orientations, inward and outward, simultaneously advanced both the integration of the Jews into the larger Byzantine economy and their segregation as a self-contained body economic. Dr Holo finds that the Jews routinely leveraged their internal, even exclusive, systems of law and culture to break into - occasionally to dominate - Byzantine markets. In doing so, they challenge our concept of Diaspora life as a balance between the two competing impulses of integration and segregation. The success of this enterprise, furthermore, qualifies the prevailing claim of Jewish economic decline during the Commercial Revolution.
Contacts among Byzantine Jews across political
The inner economy of the Jewish communities
Scrolls and scribes
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Abulaﬁa academies Ahimaaz Ankori Arabic Ashtor Babylonian beneﬁt Benjamin of Tudela Bonﬁl Bowman Byzantine economy Byzantine Empire Byzantine Jewry Byzantine-Jewish Byzantion Byzantium Cairo Genizah Cambridge captives chap Christian Chronicle Commercial Revolution conﬁrm Constantinople cultural Dagron deﬁned deﬁnition Doctrina Documents Donnolo Ebrei economic history Egypt eleventh century Europe evidence ﬁgure ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁne ﬁrst Geonim Goitein Greek guilds Hebrew Heraclius Ibid Ibn Khordadhbeh inﬂuence IQzraites Islam Italian Jacoby Jerusalem Jewish Jewish community Jewish economy Jewish tax Jews Jews of Byzantium Judaism Juifs Karaites Khazars l’empire Laiou Land of Israel Lange letter Mann Mann’s marriage Medieval Mediterranean Society Middle Byzantine period Muslim Palestine Palestinian persecution Pirenne Rabbanites rabbis Radhanites reference reﬂect religious role Roman Salonica scholars Sebeos Sefer Seleucia Sharf signiﬁcant sources southern Italy speciﬁc Starr Studies synagogue taxation tenth century textiles Texts Theophanes trade trans translated twelfth centuries Urban Economy Venetian Venice