Why Did the Heavens Not Darken?: The "final Solution" in History
This major work presents a radically new view of the origins of the Nazi slaughter of the Jews. Mayer argues that though Hitler was always viciously anti-Semitic, the genocide was not part of his plan from the start. Instead, it was triggered when the Nazi's massive campaign against Russia began to founder. Mayer places what Hitler called "the Final Solution" in historical context, examining both the prewar political situation in Europe that made it possible, and some analogous, if much less horrific, events in the distant past. The result is an important and provocative new answer to one of the most pressing questions facing historians today: How could such an enormity have come to pass?
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THE GOLDEN AGE
THE EAST EUROPEAN RIMLAND
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addition Allies anti-Jewish anti-Semitism Army Group Auschwitz Barbarossa battle became Berlin Bolshevik bolshevism capture chief cities civil civilians collaboration command commissars Communist concentration camps conquest conservative crusade cultural deported drive early east east-central eastern campaign eastern front economic Einsatzgruppen emigration enemy Europe's European evacuated extermination fascist fighting forced labor foreign France fuhrer German ghetto Goebbels Goring Heydrich Himmler Hitler Horthy Hungarian Hungary ideological inmates Jewish communities Jewish population Jewry Judeobolshevism Judeocide Judeophobia July Kiev killed late leaders Lebensraum Lodz Lublin Majdanek major March mass murder massacre military million Moscow Nazi Germany Nazi Germany's Nazi regime number of Jews occupied officers Operation Operation Barbarossa partisans party percent pogroms Pohl Poland police Polish political prisoners radical Red Army resettlement RSHA Rumania social Socialists soldiers Soviet Russia Soviet Union Stalin territories Third Reich tion troops turn Ukraine victims Waffen-SS Warsaw Warthegau Wehrmacht western workers