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Gold, imp'd by thee, can compass hardest things, But the good bishop, with a meeker air,
Yet to be just to these poor men of pelf,
Each does but hate his neighbor as himself: A leaf, like Sibyl's, scatter to and fro,
Damn’d to the mines, an equal fate betides Our fates and fortunes, as the wind shall blow : The slave that digs it, and the slave that hides. Pregnant with thousands flits the scrap unseen, B. Who suffer thus, mere charity should own, And silent sells a king, or buys a queen.
Must act on motives powerful, though unknown Oh! that such bulky bribes as all might see, P. Some war, some plague, or famine, they foresee, Still, as of old, encumber'd villany!
Some revelation hid from you and me. Could France or Rome divert our brave designs, Why Shylock wants a meal, the cause is found; With all their brandies, or with all their wines ? He thinks a loaf will rise to fifty pound. What could they more than knights and 'squires What made directors cheat in South-Sea year? confound,
To live on venison when it sold so dear. Or water all the quorum ten miles round ? Ask you why Phryne the whole auction buys? A statesman's slumbers how this speech would Phryne foresees a general excise. spoil!
Why she and Sappho raise that monstrous sum? "Sir, Spain has sent a thousand jars of oil ; Alas! they fear a man will cost a plum. Huge bales of British cloth blockade the door; Wise Peter sees the world's respect for gold, A hundred oxen at your levee roar."
And therefore hopes this nation may be sold: Poor Avarice one torment more would find; Glorious ambition! Peter, swell thy store, Nor could Profusion squander all in kind.
And be what Rome's great Didius was before. Astride his cheese Sir Morgan might we meet; The crown of Poland, venal twice an age, And Worldly crying coals from street to street, To just three millions stinted modest Gage. Whom, with a wig so wild, and mien so maz’d, But nobler scenes Maria's dreams unfold, Pity mistakes for some poor tradesman craz'd. Hereditary realms, and worlds of gold. Had Colepepper's whole wealth been hops and Congenial souls! whose life one avarice joins, hogs,
And one fate buries in th' Asturian mines. Could he himself have sent it to the dogs ?
Much-injur'd Blunt! why bears he Britain's hate? His grace will game: to White's a bull be led, A wizard told him in these words our fate : With spurning heels and with a butting head. * At length Corruption, like a general food, To White's be carried, as to ancient games, (So long by watchful ministers withstood,) Fair coursers, vases, and alluring dames.
Shall deluge all; and Avarice, creeping on, Shall then Uxorio, if the stakes he sweep, Spread like a low-born mist, and blot the sun; Bear home six whores, and make his lady weep? Statesman and patriot ply alike the stocks, Or soft Adonis, so perfum'd and fine,
Peeress and butler share alike the box; Drive to St. James's a whole herd of swine? And judges job, and bishops bite the town, Oh filthy check on all industrious skill,
And mighty dukes pack cards for half a crown. To spoil the nation's last great trade, quadrille ! See Britain sunk in Lucre's sordid charms, Since then, my lord, on such a world we fall, And France reveng'd of Anne's and Edward's What say you ? B. Say? Why take it, gold and
'Twas no court-badge,great scrivener, fir'd thy brain, P. What riches give us, let us then inquire ? Nor lordly luxury, nor city gain : Meat, fire, and clothes. B. What more? P. Meat, No, 'twas thy righteous end, asham'd to see clothes, and fire.
Senates degenerate, patriots disagree, Is this too little ? would you more than live? And nobly wishing party-rage to cease, Alas! 'tis more than Turner finds they give. To buy both sides, and give thy country peace. Alas! 'tis more than (all his visions past)
“All this is madness,"cries a sober sage: Unhappy Wharton, waking, found at last! But who, my friend, has reason in his rage? What can they give ? to dying Hopkins, heirs ; " The ruling passion, be it what it will, To Chartres, vigor; Japhet, nose and ears? The ruling passion conquers reason still." Can they, in gems bid pallid Hippia glow, Less mad the wildest whimsey we can frame, In Fulvia's buckle ease the throbs below; Than even that passion, if it has no aim; Or heal, old Narses, thy obscener ail,
For though such motives folly you may call,
Extremes in man concur to general use.'
Ask we what makes one keep, and one bestow ? To some, indeed, Heaven grants the happier fate, That Power who bids the ocean ebb and flow, T'enrich a bastard, or a son they hate.
Bids seed-time, harvest, equal course maintain, Perhaps you think the poor might have their part; Through reconcil'd extremes of drought and rain, Bond damns the poor, and hates them from his Builds life on death, on change duration founds, heart:
And gives th' eternal wheels to know their rounds. The grave Sir Gilbert holds it for a rule
Riches, like insects, when conceal'd they lie, That every man in want is knave or fool : Wait but for wings, and in their season fly. "God cannot love" (says Blunt, with tearless eyes) Who sees pale Mammon pine amidst his store, • The wretch he starves”-and piously denies :
Sees but a backward steward for the poor ;
This year, a reservoir, to keep and spare ;
Whose table, Wit, or modest Merit share, The next, a fountain, spouting through his heir, Un-elbow'd by a gamester, pimp, or player ? In lavish streams to quench a country's thirst, Who copies yours, or Oxford's better part, And men and dogs shall drink him till they burst. To ease th' oppress'd, and raise the sinking heart!
Old Cotta sham'd his fortune and his birth, Where'er he shines, oh Fortune, gild the scene, Yet was not Cotta void of wit or worth :
And angels guard him in the golden mean! What though (the use of barbarous spits forgot) There, English Bounty yet awhile may stand, His kitchen vied in coolness with his grot? And Honor linger ere it leaves the land. His court with nettles, moats with cresses storld, But all our praises why should lords engross: With soups unbought and salads bless'd his board? Rise, honest Muse! and sing the Man of Ross : If Cotta liv'd on pulse, it was no more
Pleas'd Vaga echoes through her winding bounds, Than Bramins, saints, and sages did before : And rapid Severn hoarse applause resounds. To cram the rich, was prodigal expense,
Who hung with woods yon mountain's sultry And who would take the poor from Providence ?
brow? Like some lone Chartreux stands the good old Hall, From the dry rock who bade the waters flow? Silence without, and fasts within the wall;
Not to the skies in useless columns tost, No rafter'd roofs with dance and tabor sound, Or in proud falls magnificently lost; No noontide bell invites the country round: But clear and artless pouring through the plain Tenants with sighs the smokeless towers survey,
Health to the sick, and solace to the swain. And turn th' unwilling steeds another way : Whose causeway parts the vale with shady rows! Benighted wanderers, the forest o'er,
Whose seats the weary traveller repose ? Curs'd the sav'd candle, and unopening door; Who taught that heaven-directed spire to rise ! While the gaunt mastiff, growling at the gate, "The Man of Ross,” each lisping babe replies. Affrights the beggar whom he longs to eat. Behold the market-place with poor o'erspread!
Not so his son : he mark'd this oversight, The Man of Ross divides the weekly bread : And then mistook reverse of wrong for right. He feeds yon alms-house, near, but void of state, (For what to shun, will no great knowledge need; Where Age and Want sit smiling at the gate ; But what to follow, is a task indeed.)
Him portion d maids, apprentic'd orphans blest, Yet sure, of qualities deserving praise,
The young who labor, and the old who rest. More go to ruin fortunes, than to raise.
any sick? the Man of Ross relieves, What slaughter d hecatombs, what floods of wine, Prescribes, attends, the medicine makes, and gives Fill the capacious 'squire, and deep divine! Is there a variance? enter but his door, Yet no mean motives this profusion draws, Balk'd are the courts, and contest is no more. His oxen perish in his country's cause ;
Despairing quacks with curses fled the place, 'Tis George and Liberty that crowns the cup, And vile attorneys, now an useless race. And zeal for that great house which eats him up. B. Thrice happy man! enabled to pursue The woods recede around the naked seat,
What all so wish, but want the power to do ! The Sylvans groan-no matter-for the fleet: Oh say, what sums that generous hand supply? Next goes his wool—to clothe our valiant bands : What mines to swell that boundless charity ? Last, for his country's love, he sells his lands. P. Of debts and taxes, wife and children clear, To town he comes, completes the nation's hope, This man possest—five hundred pounds a year. And heads the bold train-bands, and burns a pope. Blush, Grandeur, blush! proud courts, withdraw And shall not Britain now reward his toils, Britain that pays her patriots with her spoils? Ye little stars! hide your diminish'd rays. In vain at court the bankrupt pleads his cause, B. And what? no monument, inscription, stone! His thankless country leaves him to her laws. His race, his form, his name almost unknown? The sense to value riches, with the art
P. Who builds a church to God, and not to Fame T' enjoy them, and the virtue to impart,
Will never mark the marble with his name: Not meanly, nor ambitiously pursued,
Go, search it there, where to be born and die, Not sunk by sloth, nor raie'd by servitude ; Of rich and poor makes all the history; To balance fortune by a just expense,
Enough, that Virtue fill'd the space between ; Join with economy, magnificence;
Prov'd by the ends of being, to have been. With splendor, charity; with plenty, health"; When Hopkins dies, a thousand lights atiend Oh teach us, Bathurst ! yet unspoil'd by wealth! The wretch, who living sav'd a candle's end; That secret rare, between th' extremes to move Shouldering God's altar a vile image stands, Of mad Good-nature, and of mean Self-love. Belies his features, nay extends his hands; B. To worth or want well-weigh’d, be bounty That livelong wig, which Gorgon's self might own, given,
Eternal buckle takes in Parian stone. And ease, or emulate, the care of Heaven; Behold what blessings wealth to life can lend ! (Whose measure full o'erflows on human race) And see, what comfort it affords our end, Mend Fortune's fault, and justify her grace. In the worst inn's worst room, with mat halfhung, Wealth in the gross is death, but life diffus'd; The floors of plaster, and the walls of dung, As poison heals, in just proportion us'd:
On once a flock-bed, but repair'd with straw, In heaps, like ambergris, a stink it lies,
With tape-tied curtains, never meant to draw. But well dispers’d, is incense to the skies. The George and Garter dangling from that bed
P. Who starves by nobles, or with nobles eats? Where tawdry yellow strove with dirty red, The wretch that trusts them, and the rogue that Great Villiers lies—alas, how chang'd from him, cheats.
That life of pleasure, and that soul of whim! Is there a lord, who knows a cheerful noon Gallant and gay, in Cliveden's proud alcove, Without a fiddler, flatterer, or buffoon?
The bower of wanton Shrewsbury and Love
Or just as gay, at council, in a ring
What late he call'd a blessing, now was wit, of mimick'd statesmen, and their merry king. And God's good providence, a lucky hit. No wit to flatter, left of all his store;
Things change their titles, as our manners turn: No fool to laugh at, which he valued more. His compting-house employ'd the Sunday morn: There, victor of his health, of fortune, friends, Seldom at church, ('twas such a busy life,) And fame, this lord of useless thousands ends. But duly sent his family and wife.
His grace's fnte sage Cutler could foresee, There (so the devil ordain'd) one Christmas-tide And well (he thought) advis’d him, “Live like me!" My good old lady catch'd a cold, and died. As well his grace replied, “Like you, Sir John! A nymph of quality admires our knight; That I can do, when all I have is gone."
He marries, bows at court, and grows polite : Resolve me, Reason, which of these are worse, Leaves the dull cits, and joins (to please the fair) Want with a full, or with an empty purse? The well-bred cuckolds in St. James's air : Thy life more wretched, Cutler, was confess'd: First, for his son a gay commission buys, Arise, and tell me, was thy death more bless'd? Who drinks, whores, fights, and in a duel dies : Cutler saw tenants break, and houses fall, His daughter flaunts a viscount's tawdry wise; For every want he could not build a wall. She bears a coronet and p-x for life. His only daughter in a stranger's power,
In Britain's senate he a seat obtains, For very want; he could not pay a dower. And one more pensioner St. Stephen gains. A few grey hairs his reverend temples crown'd, My lady falls to play: so bad her chance, 'Twas very want that sold them for two pound. He must repair it; takes a bribe from France: What! ev'n denied a cordial at his end,
The house impeach him, Coningsby harangues ; Banish'd the doctor, and expellid the friend? The court forsake him, and Sir Balaam hangs : What but a want, which you perhaps think mad, Wife, son, and daughter, Satan! are thy own, Yet numbers feel, the want of what he had ! His wealth, yet dearer, forfeit to the crown: Cutler and Brutus dying, both exclaim,
The devil and the king divide the prize, “Virtue! and Wealih! what are ye but a name !" And sad Sir Balaam curses God and dies. Say, for such worth are other worlds prepard ? Or are they both, in this, their own reward ? A knotty point! to which we now proceed. But you are tir'd—I'll tell a tale.-B. Agreed. TO RICHARD BOYLE, EARL OF BURLINGTON,
P. Where London's column, pointing at the skies, Like a tall bully, lifts the head, and lies;
OF THE USE OF RICHES.
ity. The abuse of the word taste. That the first Constant at church, and 'Change; his gains were principle and foundation in this, as in every thing sure,
else, is good sense. The chief proof of it is to His givings rare, save farthings to the poor. follow Nature, even in works of mere luxury and
The devil was piqu'd such saintship to behold, elegance. Instanced in architecture and gardenAnd long'd to tempt him, like good Job of old ; ing, where all must be adapted to the genius and But Satan now is wiser than of yore,
use of the place, and the beauties not forced into And tempts by making rich, not making poor. it, but resulting from it. How men are disap
Rous'd by the prince of air, the whirlwinds sweep pointed in their most expensive undertakings, for The surge, and plunge his father in the deep; want of this true foundation, without which no. Then full against his Cornish lands they roar, thing can please long, if at all; and the best exAnd two rich shipwrecks bless the lucky shore. amples and rules will be but perverted into someSir Balaam now, he lives like other folks,
thing burthensome and ridiculous. A description He takes his chirping pint, and cracks his jokes : of the false taste of magnificence; the first grand “Live like yourself," was soon my lady's word; error of which is, to imagine that greatness conAnd lo! two puddings smok'd upon the board. sists in the size and dimension, instead of the proAsleep and naked as an Indian lay,
portion and harmony of the whole; and the second, An honest factor stole a gem away :
either in joining together parts incoherent, or too He pledg'd it to the knight, the knight had wit, minutely resembling, or in the repetition of the So kept the diamond, and the rogue was bit. same too frequently. A word or two of false taste Some scruple rose, but thus he eas'd his thought, in books, in music, in painting, even in preaching "I'll now give sixpence where I gave a groat; and prayer, and lastly in entertainments. Yet Where once I went to church, I'll now go twice- Providence is justified in giving wealth to be And am so clear too of all other vice.”
squandered in this manner, since it is dispersed The tempter saw his time: the work he plied; to the poor and laborious part of mankind. What Stocks and subscriptions pour on every side, are the proper objects of magnificence, and a Till all the demon makes his full descent
proper field for the expense of great men; and In one abundant shower of cent. per cent.,
finally the great and public works which become Sinks deep within him, and possesses whole, a prince. Then dubs director, and secures his soul. Behold Sir Balaam, now a man of spirit, 'Tis strange, the miser should his cares employ Ascribes his gettings to his parts and merit; To gain those riches he can ne'er enjoy ;
Is it less strange, the prodigal should waste
Without it, proud Versailles ! thy glory falls; His wealth, to purchase what he ne'er can taste ? And Nero's terraces desert their walls : Not for himself he sees, or hears, or eats ; The vast parterres a thousand hands shall make, Artists must choose his pictures, music, meats : Lo! Cobham comes, and floats them with a lake; He buys for Topham drawings and designs; Or cut wide views through mountains to the plain For Pembroke statues, dirty gods, and coins ; You'll wish your hill or shelter'd seat again. Rare monkish manuscripts for Hearne alone, Ev'n in an ornament its place remark, And books for Mead, and butterflies for Sloane. Nor in an hermitage set Dr. Clarke. Think we all these are for himself? no more Behold Villario's ten years' toil complete ; Than his fine wife, alas! or finer whore. His quincunx darkens, his espaliers meet;
For what has Virro painted, built, and planted ? The wood supports the plain, the parts unite, Only to show how many tastes he wanted. And strength of shade contends with strength of What brought Sir Visto’s ill-got wealth to waste?
light; Some demon whisper'd, “ Visio! have a taste." A waving glow the bloomy beds display, Heaven visits with a taste the wealthy fool, Blushing in bright diversities of day, And needs no rod but Ripley with a rule. With silver-quivering rills meander'd o'erSee! sportive Fate, to punish awkward pride, Enjoy them, you! Villario can no more ; Bids Bubo build, and sends him such a guide : Tird of the scene parterres and fountains yield, A standing sermon, at each year's expense,
He finds at last he better likes a field. That never coxcomb reach'd magnificence!
Through his young woods how pleas'd Sabinus You show us, Rome was glorious, not profuse,
stray'd, And pompous buildings once were things of use. Or sate delighted in the thickening shade, Yet shall, my lord, your just, your noble rules With annual joy the reddening shoots to greet, Fill half the land with imitating fools;
Or see the stretching branches long to meet! Who randoin drawings from your sheets shall His son's fine taste an opener Vista loves, take,
Foe to the Dryads of his father's groves ; And of one beauty many blunders make; One boundless green, or flourish'd carpet views, Load some vain church with old theatric state, With all the mournful family of yews : Turn arts of triumph to a garden-gale;
The thriving plants, ignoble broomsticks made, Reverse your ornaments, and hang them all Now sweep those alleys they were born to shade. On some patch'd dog-hole ek'd with ends of wall; At Timon's villa let us pass a day, Then clap four slices of pilaster on 't,
Where all cry out, “What sums are thrown away! That, lac'd with bits of rustic, makes a front. So proud, so grand ; of that stupendous air, Shall call the winds through long arcades to roar, Soft and agreeable come never there. Proud to catch cold at a Venetian door;
Greatness, with Timon, dwells in such a draught Conscious they act a true Palladian part,
As brings all Brobdignag before your thought. And if they starve, they starve by rules of art. To compass this, his building is a town,
Oft have you hinted to your brother peer, His pond an ocean, his parterre a down: A certain truth, which many buy too dear : Who but must laugh, the master when he sees, Something there is more needful than expense, A puny insect, shivering at a breeze! And something previous ev'n to taste-'tis sense: Lo, what huge heaps of littleness around! Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven, The whole a labor'd quarry above ground. And, though no science, fairly worth the seven: Two Cupids squirt before : a lake behind A light which in yourself you must perceive; Improves the keenness of the northern wind Jones and Le Nôtre have it not to give.
His gardens next your admiration call, To build, to plant, whatever you intend,
On every side you look, behold the wall! To rear the column, or the arch to bend,
No pleasing intricacies intervene, To swell the terrace, or to sink the grot;
No ariful wildness to perplex the scene ; In all, let Nature never be forgot.
Grove nods at grove, each alley has a brother, But treat the goddess like a modest fair,
And half the platform just reflects the other.
With here a fountain, never to be play'd ;
Here Amphitrite sails through myrtle bowers; Consult the genius of the place in all;
There gladiators fight, or die in flowers;
Unwater'd see the drooping sea-horse mourn,
My lord advances with majestic mien,
thighs, Parts answering parts shall slide into a whole, Just at his study-door he'll bless your eyes. Spontaneous beauties all around advance,
His study! with what authors is it stor'd ? Start ev'n from difficulty, strike from chance; In books, not authors, curious is my lord ; Nature shall join you ; Time shall make it grow
To all their dated backs he turns you round; A work to wonder al-perhaps a Stow.
These Aldus printed, those Du Sueil has bound.
Lo, some are vellum, and the rest as good
TO MR. ADDISON.
OCCASIONED BY HIS DIALOGUES ON MEDALS. That summons you to all the pride of prayer; Light quirks of music, broken and uneven,
This was originally written in the year 1715, when Make the soul dance upon a jig to Heaven.
Mr. Addison intended to publish his book of On painted ceilings you devoutly stare,
medals: it was some time before he was secre. Where sprawl the saints of Verrio or Laguerre, tary of state ; but not published till Mr. Tickell's Or gilded clouds in fair expansion lie,
edition of his works; at which time his verses on And bring all Paradise before your eye.
Mr. Craggs, which conclude the poem, were To rest, the cushion and soft dean invite,
added, viz. in 1720. Who never mentions Hell to ears polite.
As the third Epistle treated of the extremes of But hark! the chiming clocks to dinner call;
avarice and profusion; and the fourth took up A hundred footsteps scrape the marble hall :
one particular branch of the latter, namely, the The rich buffet well-color'd serpents grace,
vanity of expense in people of wealth and quali. And gaping Tritons spew to wash your face.
ty, and was, therefore, a corollary to the third ; Is this a dinner? this a genial room?
so this treats of one circumstance of that vanity, No, 'uis a temple, and a hecatomb.
as it appears in the common collectors of old A soleinn sacrifice perform'd in state,
coins; and is, therefore, a corollary to the You drink by measure, and to minutes eat.
fourth. So quick retires each flying course, you'd swear Sancho's dread doctor and his wand were there. See the wild waste of all-devouring years ; Between each act ihe trembling salvers ring, How Rome her own sad sepulchre appears, From soup to sweet-wine, and God bless the With nodding arches, broken temples spread! King.
The very tombs now vanish'd like their dead! In plenty starving, tantalizid in state,
Imperial wonders rais'd on nations spoil'd, (loil'd : And complaisantly help'd to all I hate,
Where, mix'd with slaves, the groaning martyr Treated, caress'd, and tir'd, I take my leave, Huge theatres, that now unpeopled woods, Sick of his civil pride from morn to eve;
Now drain'd a distant country of her floods : I curse such lavish cost, and little skill,
Fanes, which admiring gods with pride survey ; And swear no day was ever pass'd so ill. Statues of men, scarce less alive than they!
Yet hence the poor are cloth’d, the hungry fed ; Som felt the silent stroke of mouldering age, Health to himself, and to his infants bread, Some hostile fury, some religious rage. The laborer bears : What his hard heart denies, Barbarian blindness, christian zeal conspire, His charitable vanity supplies.
And papal piety, and gothic fire. Another age shall see the golden ear
Perhaps, by its own ruins sav'd from flame, Imbrown the slope, and nod on the parterre, Some buried marble half preserves a name; Deep harvest bury all his pride has plann’d, That name the learn'd with fierce disputes pursue, And laughing Ceres reassume the land.
And give to Titus old Vespasian's due. Who then shall grace, or who improve the soil ? Ambition sigh'd : she found it vain to trust Who plants like Bathurst, or who builds like The faithless column and the crumbling bust: Boyle ?
Huge moles, whose shadows stretch'd from shore to "Tis use alone that sanctifies expense,
shore, And splendor borrows all her rays from sense. Their ruins perish'd, and their plaee no more!
His father's acres who enjoys in peace, Convinc'd, she now contracts her vast design, Or makes his neighbors glad, if he increase : And all her triumphs shrink into a coin. Whose cheerful tenants bless their yearly toil, A narrow orb each crowded conquest keeps, Yet to their lord owe more than to the soil; Beneath her palm here sad Judea weeps ; Whose ample lawns are not asham’d to feed Now scantier limits the proud arch confine, The milky heifer and deserving steed;
And scarce are seen the prostrate Nile or Rhine ; Whose rising forests, not for pride or show, A small Euphrates through the piece is roll'd, But future buildings, future navies, grow: And little eagles wave their wings in gold. Let his plantations stretch from down to down, The medal, faithful to its charge of fame, First shade a country, and then raise a town. Through climes and ages bears each form and name
You too proceed! make falling arts your care, In one short view subjected to our eye Erect new wonders, and the old repair;
Gods, emperors, heroes, sages, beauties, lie. Jones and Palladio to themselves restore,
With sharpen'd sight pale antiquaries pore, And be whate'er Vitruvius was before :
Th'inscription value, but the rust adore. Till kings call forth the ideas of your mind, This the blue varnish, that the green endears, (Proud to accomplish what such hands design'd,) The sacred rust of twice ten hundred years! Bid harbors open, public ways extend,
To gain Pescenius one employs his schemes, Bid temples worthier of the God ascend; One grasps a Cecrops in ecstatic dreams. Bid the broad arch the dangerous food contain, Poor Vadius, long with learned spleen devour'd, The mole projected break the roaring main ; Can taste no pleasure since his shield was scour'd: Back to his bounds their subject sea command, And Curio, restless by the fair-one's side, And roll obedient rivers through the land ; Sighs for an Otho, and neglects his bride. These honors, Peace to happy Britain brings; Theirs is the vanily, the learning thine These are imperial works, and worthy kings. Touch'd by thy hand, again Rome's glories shine :