Heroes and Villains
Hercules, Jesus, James Bond, Luke Skywalker, Gandalf, Frodo, Harry Potter, Buffy Summers, Spiderman, Batman, Captain Kirk, Dr. Who, Darth Vader, Sauron, Voldemort, Lex Luthor, Dr. Doom, the Daleks, the Borg. Almost anybody living in the developed West would be able to group these individuals into two camps: the heroes and the villains. However, what criteria they may use to do this is less clear.
Mike Alsford introduces us to a range of heroic and villainous archetypes on a journey through film, television, comic books, and literature. On the way, he addresses questions such as: What is a true hero? What is a true villain? Have we misunderstood these terms? What kind of societal values do our mythical heroes and villains represent? In trying to understand the extremes of hero and villain we are made more aware of our own ethical standards and given a space in which to explore contemporary concerns over notions of right and wrong, good and bad.
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Bertrand Russell makes this point when he writes of Hegel : In external relations .
. . the State is an individual , each State is independent as against others . . . He
goes on to argue against any sort of League of Nations by which the ...
Each one wishes to structure a world that is a reflection of their own individual
value system , to use force to create a world that is essentially an extension of
their own will . As early on as the mid - 1820s the followers of the social scientist ...
In The Gay Science he writes : With morality the individual is led into being a
function of the herd and to ascribing value to himself only as a function . . .
Morality is the herd instinct in the individual . 15 By contrast , the true autonomous
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