Beauty and Revolution in Science

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Cornell University Press, Sep 5, 2018 - Science - 240 pages
How reasonable and rational can science be when its practitioners speak of "revolutions" in their thinking and extol certain theories for their "beauty"? James W. McAllister addresses this question with the first systematic study of the aesthetic evaluations that scientists pass on their theories. P. A. M. Dirac explained why he embraced relativity by saying, "It is the essential beauty of the theory which I feel is the real reason for believing in it". Dirac's claim seems to belie rationalist accounts of science. Using this and a wealth of other historical examples, McAllister explains how scientists' aesthetic preferences are influenced by the empirical track record of theories, describes the origin and development of aesthetic styles of theorizing, and reconsiders whether simplicity is an empirical or an aesthetic virtue of theories. McAllister then advances an innovative model of scientific revolutions, in opposition to that of Thomas S. Kuhn. Three detailed studies demonstrate the interconnection of empirical performance, beauty, and revolution. One examines the impact of new construction materials on the history of architecture. Another reexamines the transition from the Ptolemaic system to Kepler's theory in planetary astronomy, and the third documents the rise of relativity and quantum theory in the twentieth century.
 

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Beauty & revolution in science

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McAllister (philosophy, Univ. of Leiden) critically explores the influences that aesthetic judgments have on deciding which theories best account for natural phenomena. Given his own rationalist image ... Read full review

Contents

Introduction
1
1 Two Challenges to Rationalism
7
2 Abstract Entities and Aesthetic Evaluations
24
3 The Aesthetic Properties of Scientific Theories ...
39
4 Two Erroneous Views of Scientists Aesthetic Judgments ...
61
5 The Inductive Construction of Aesthetic Preference ...
70
6 The Relation of Beauty to Truth
90
7 A Study of Simplicity
105
8 Revolution as Aesthetic Rupture
125
9 Induction and Revolution in the Applied Arts
141
10 Circles and Ellipses in Astronomy
163
11 Continuity and Revolution in TwentiethCentury Physics
182
12 Rational Reasons for Aesthetic Choices
202
References
209
Index
227
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About the author (2018)

James W. McAllister is Associate Professor at the Institute of Philosophy, University of Leiden, and the editor of the journal, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.

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