David I: The King who Made Scotland
Considered to be one of the greatest of Scotland's medieval kings, David was never expected to succeed to the throne. Before coming to the throne David made a career for himself as an Anglo-Norman nobleman and made a good marriage and rich inheritance with many estates spreading from Normandy to northern England, as well as a principality of his own in southern Scotland. When David finally came to the Scottish throne in 1124 he faced a long and bitter struggle against rivals for the crown. David then set out to modernise the kingdom modelled along European lines. He continued to add to his kingdom including parts of Yorkshire and Lancaster, tipping the balance of power in Britain firmly in facour of the Scotts.
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Mael Coluim mac Donnchada Margaret and
The Struggle for Scotland 109397
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Abbey Ailred of Rievaulx Alexander Anderson Anglo-Norman Anglo-Saxon Chronicle appears Archbishop Argyll army Barrow Bishop brother burgh Caithness campaign Carlisle castle century Charters of David Church Cistercian claims Conquest court crown Cumbria David's reign death diocese Domnall Donnchad Dunfermline Earl Henry earldom Early Sources Edgar Edinburgh Edith English king established evidence Gesta Gestis Regis Stephani Glasgow Harald Harald Maddadsson Henry Murdac Henry's History Huntingdon John of Hexham King of Scots king's kingdom knights land later lords Mael Coluim mac Margaret marriage Matilda medieval Melrose monastery monks Moray Norman Normandy northern England Northumberland Northumbria Oengus ofYork Oram Orkney Orkneyinga Saga political probably Ranulf recognised reform region religious Richard of Hexham Robert Roxburgh royal ruler Scone Scotland Scottish king secure settlement southern spiritual St Andrews Stephen Stringer Symeon of Durham territory throne Thurstan tion tradition twelfth twelfth-century vassal William fitz Duncan William Rufus Wimund York