The Invisible Satirist: Juvenal and Second-Century Rome
The Invisible Satirist offers a fresh new reading of the Satires of Juvenal, rediscovering the poet as a smart and scathing commentator on the cultural and political world of second-century Rome. Breaking away from the focus in recent scholarship on issues of genre, this study situates Juvenal's Satires within the context of the politics, oratory, and philosophy of Rome under Trajan and Hadrian. In particular, the book shows how Juvenal offers a distinctively Roman response to the Greek sophists and philosophers of the so-called "Second Sophistic." Whereas earlier studies argued for the satirist's adoption of an ironic persona in his poems, this book stresses the absence of any guiding, coherent first-person voice in his work, emphasizing instead the poems' plurality of voices and thematic preoccupation with performance and disguise. These sprawling rhetorical texts, intricately constructed but deliberately lacking any strong personal voice, ultimately communicate a sense of rootlessness and loss of identity-a sense of being invisible-within the cosmopolitan second-century world. The book will appeal to students and scholars of Roman satire, Imperial Roman culture, and Second Sophistic literature.
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accusation allusions argues argument aristocratic attacks audience Braund Catullus character Cicero contemporary Courtney critical critique cultural Cynic delator delatores deliberately Democritus depicted describes Dialogus Dio Chrysostom Dio’s Diogenes Domitian Egyptians elite emperor epic Epictetus ethical Favorinus figures Fronto genre Greek intellectual Hadrian Hellenizing hexameter Horace Horace’s Horatian ideal imitation imperial invisibility Isaeus Juvenal Juvenal’s first Satire Juvenal’s poem Juvenal’s Satires Juvenalian Juvenalian satire Latin legacy-hunters lines literary Lucilius Martial Messalla Naevolus nobility offers one’s oration Pacuvius performance period philhellenic philosophical Pliny Pliny’s letters poem’s poet poet’s poetic poetry political praise protreptic provincial Quintilian reader recitatio recitation reference rhetorical ritual role Roman identity Rome Rome’s sacrifice Satire 12 satiric speaker satiric voice satirist says scene Second Sophistic second-century sense sexual slave Socrates speaking voice speech Stoic suggests Tacitus Tacitus’s targets terminus post quem themes tion tradition Trajan Umbricius Umbricius’s verse satire virtue vision