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Q. 3. Who, and what binders the propagation of it?
A. Antichrift, that man of fin, hinders. it externally; 2 Thess. ii. 4. Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God fitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. The devil and mens lusts internally; 1 Thess. ii. 18. Wherefore we would have come unto you (even I Paul) once and again; but Satan hindered us. Luke xix. 14. But his citizens hated him, and sent a messenger after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.
Q. 4. What then is the desire of all good men, with respect to the coming of the gospel kingdom ?
A. That all nations may be brought to Christ by the preaching of it, and so Christ's kingdom be greatly exalted and enlarged ; Isa. ii. 2. And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
Q. 5. What is the second thing here meant by the kingdom of God?
A. It signifies and intends the work of saving grace wrought in mens souls ; Luke xvii. 21.-Behold, the kingdom of God is within
you. Q. 6. Why is this work of grace called the kingdom of God?
A. Because where-ever saving grace comes, it subdues the foul to Christ's sceptre ; 2 Cor. x. 5. Cafting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Chrift.
Q. 7. Wherein consists the kingdom of grace?
A. It consists not in external rites and observances, but in righteousness, and peace, and joy in the holy Ghost; Rom. xiv. 17. For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink, but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the holy Ghost
Q. 8. What do we alk of God in this petition, with respect to this kingdom of grace?
A. Herein we delire not only our own personal progressive fanctification, but the fanctification of others all the world over; Acts xxvi. 29. And Paul said, I would to God that not only thou, but also all that hear me this day, were both almoft, and altogether such as I am, except these bonds.
Q. 9. What is the third thing here meant by the kingdom of God?
A. By it is here meant the future state of glory and blessed
ness; I Cor. xv. 5o. Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and
A. This is called the kingdom of God, becaule in that state God reigns over his people gloriously, there being no rebellion in them in the least degree; Luke xx. 36.--For they are equal unto the angels, and are the children of God, being the chil. dren of the resurrection. And they reign with Christ; Rey. iii. 21. To him that overcometh, will I grant to fit with me in my throne, &c.
Q. 11. What do we desire in prayer for the coming of this kingdom?
A. We desire not only our preservation in our passage to that state of glory ; 1 Pet. V. 10. But the God of all grace,
who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, ftablifh, strengthen, settle you. But the hastening of it to ourselves and others; Rev. xxii. 20.Amen, even fo, come Lord Jesus.
Q. 12. What is the first instruction hence ?
A. That the gospel is an invaluable mercy, as it is the instrument of bringing us into Christ's gracious and glorious kingdom ; Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance a. mong them which are fanctified by faith that is in me.
Q. 13. What is the second inference from hence ?
A. That many men really hate and oppose the very thing they pray for.
Q. 14. What is the last instruction, hence ?
A. That how firmly soever Satan's and Antichrist's kingdom seem to be founded in the world, they must and shall fall before the daily prayers of the saints.
Concerning the doing of God's Will.
A. In the third petition, which is, [Thy. will be done in earth as it is in heaven], we pray, that God, by his grace, would make us able and willing to know, obey, and submit to his will in all things, as the angels do in heaven.
Q. 1. What will of God is here intended ?
A. Not the will of his decree; for that is in himself alone;' 1 Cor. ii. 11. The things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
R. 2. What will then is here meant ?
A. The will of his providence may be here meant; Psalm cxxv. 6. Whatsoever the Lord pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, and in the seas, and all deep places. And Psalm cxix. 89. For ever, O Lord, thy word is settled in heaven. Ver. 91. They continue this day according to thine ordinances for all are thy servants.
Q. 3. How are we to understand the doing of this will of providence in heaven?
A. (1.) As it is done by the sun, moon, and stars; Psalm cxix. 89. Thy word is settled in heaven. Ver. 91. They continue this day according to thine ordinances. Pfalm xix. 6. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it, and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. : (2:) As it is done by angels; Psalm civ. 4. Who maketh the angels fpirits, his minifters a flaming fire. Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministering spirits, fent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation ? Q. 4. How do these perform the will of God's providence ?
(1.) The heavenly bodies do it evenly, constantly, and unweariėdly; Psalm civ. 19. He appointeth the moon for seafons, the fun knoweth his going down.' (2.) The angels do it fpeedily, voluntarily, chearfully, and so knowingly; Psalm ciji. 21. Ye ministers of his, that do his pleafuré. 10. 5. Must we be agents in this providential will? served his generation by the will of God, fell on sleep. Q. 6. How must we do it?
1 ? A. By employing our abilities, faculties, and interests, in the duties of our particular callings, and by moving conftanty, prudently, and vigorously in our own sphere, and so imitate? those'in heaven.
Q. 7. Why do we pray that God's will of providence may be done by us?
A. Because we are his creatures, and the most noble inftruments of the inferior world; and therefore we should be willing to be acted by him, and active for him; and because this will of providence is always juft, good, and true, and for his own glory; Psalm cxlv. 17. The Lord is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works. Psalm cxix. 89. For ever, O Lord, thy word is settled in heaven. Ver. 91. They contiPue this day according to thine ordinances ; for all are thy fervants.' R
8. What other will of God is here meant ?
4. The will of his precepts, and this is chiefly intended. Q. 9. And how is this will of God done in heaven?
A. By the angels it is done universally, chearfully, constantly, humbly, thankfully, loyally, readily: Pfalm ciii. 20. Blefa the Lord, ye his angels, that excel in ftrength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word. And fo it is done by the faints in heaven ; Rev. vii. 15. Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple ; And chap. xxii. 3. And his servants shall serve him.
Q. 10. Do we pray then that we maythus do the will of God?
A. Yes; for tho' we cannot perfe&tly without fin do it, yet that is our duty ; Mat. v. ult. Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect. And in all other particulars we may and we must imitate them herein ; Pfalm cxix. 6. Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all thy commandments. Verfe 14. I have rejoiced in the way of thy testimonies as much as in all riches Verse 60. I made haste, and delayed not to keep thy commandments. Verfe 112, &c. I have inclined my heart to perform thy statutes always even unto the end. 'Q. 11. How must we know God's will ?
A. Not notionally and rationally only, but fpiritually alfo, ; 1 Cor. ii. 14. They are spiritually discerned.
Q.12. Why is knowing God's will placed here before doing it, doc.?
A. Because the understanding is the leading faculty, without which it is impossible there should be any obedience; Prov. xix. 2. Also that the soul be without knowledge it is not good. Jer. v. 4. Therefore I said, Surely these are poor, they are foolish; for they know not the way of the Lord, nor the judg. ment of their God.
Q. 13. Why pray we to God for this knowledge ; can we not know it of ourselves ?
A. No, it is the special gift and grace of God; Gal. i. 15, 16. But when it pleased God, who feparated me from my mother's womb, and called me by his grace, to reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the Heathen, immediately I conferred not with flesh and blood. Eph. i. 17, 19. That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give un.
the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him. And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power. Eph. v. 8. For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord.
Q. 14. Why do we pray that we may obey ; can we not do it of our own free-will when we know it?
A. No, for our wills are stubborn and rebellious against God's commands, as well as our minds ignorant of them; Rom. viii. 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Ezek. xxxvi. 25, 26. Then will I sprinkle clean water upon you, and ye shall be clean; from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the ftony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. Phil. ii. 13. For it is God that worketh in you,
both to will and to do of his good pleasure.
Q. 15. What is meant by submitting to God's will?
A. (1.) Either a voluntary subjection of foul, and a preparedness actually to do his will : Or, (2.) A voluntary and filent submission to his will of providence in affliction : but in this particular we cannot imitate those in heaven, because no cross ever befals them.
Q. 16. Why is will added in all things ?
A Because partial obedience is no obedience; he that does not obey God in every thing, obeys him in nothing ; Jam. ii. 10. For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
Q. 17. Why do we pray that God by his grace would work this will in us, and by us ?
A. Because it is free grace that determines it ; 2 Tim. i. Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus, before the world began. And efficacious grace that works it in us, and enables us to do it ; Eph. v. 8. For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord. Verse 10. Proving what is acceptable unto the Lord.
Q. 18. What is the first inference from hence ?
A. That it is man's glory and felicity to be conformed to the will of God; Prov. xii. 26. The righteous is more excellent than his neighbour. Pfal. xix. 10, 11. More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than inuch fine gold; sweeter also than honey and the honey-comb. Moreover, by them is thy servant warned, and in keeping of them there is great reward.
Q. 19. What is the second inference ?
A. That we must mortify in ourselves every luft that contradicts God's will, and renounce without ourselves every thing