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opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scripture.
Q. What need then of man's ministry ?.
A. Very much ; for Christ hath instituted ministers as inftruments, by whom he will teach us ; Eph. iv. 11, 12. And he gave some apostles, and some prophets, and some evangelists, and some pastors, and teachers, for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ. Acts xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of fins.
2. 5. Can no man savingly know the will of God without the teachings of Christ?
A. No; though common knowledge may be obtained in a . natural way, yet not saving ; Matth. xi. 25. At that time Jesus answered, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast reveaied them unto babes.
Q. 6. How appears it that Christ is appointed to this office ?
A. We have the written word for it; Acts iii. 22. For, Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet fall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me, him shall ye hear in all things, whatsoever he shall say unto
Q. 7. What is the first instruction from hence ? A. None need be discouraged at their natural weakness, if, Christ be their teacher ; Matth. xi. 25. At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven ani! earth, because thou hast bid these things from the wife and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. Pfalm xix. 7. The testimonies of the Lord are fure, making wife the fimple.
Q. 8. What is the second instruction ? A. That it is a dreadful judgment to be spiritually blinded under the gospel; 2 Cor. iv. 3, 4. But if our gospel be hid, it. is hid to them that are loft; in whom the god of this world, hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, left the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should thine unto them.
Q. 9. What is the third instruction ? A. That prayer is the best expedient to obtain faving knowledge ; James i. 5. If any of you lack wisdom, let him alk of God, that giveth to all men liberally, and upbraidath not; and it shall be given him.
Quest 25. Ho Christ executeth the office of a pries, in
Q. 10. What is the last instruction ?
A. Learn hence the transcendent excellency of the knowledge of Christ above all other knowledge ; Phil. ii. 8. Yea, doubtless, I count all things but loss, for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord.
Of Christ's Priesthood.
A. Christ his once offering up of himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine ju. stice, and reconcile us to God, and in making continual intercellion for us. Q. 1. What is the priesthood of Christ in general ?
A. It is his expiation of our fins by the facrifice of himself, and obtaining God's favour for us ; Col. i. 20. And (having made peace through the blood of his cross) by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven, Q. 2. What are the parts of Christ's priestly office ?
A It hath two parts. First, Oblation, or offering of him, self; Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your consciences from dead works, to serve the Jiving God? Secondly, Interceflion for us; Heb. vii. 25. Wherore he is able also to save them to the uttermost, that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.
Q. 3. What is the end of Christ's oblation?
A. The end of it, as to God, was to satisfy his incensed justice ; Rom. iii. 25. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteous. ness for the remission of fins that are past, through the forbearance of God. And as to men, to put away their fins; Heb. ix. 26. For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world ; but now once in the end of the world, hach he appeared to put away sin by the facrifice of himself.
Q. 4. What is the first difference between Christ and other priests ?
A. Other priests offered the blood of beasts ; Christ his own blood; Heb. ix. 12. Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood, he entered once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
Q. 5. What is the second difference?
offering, Heb. x. 14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
Q. 6. What was the sacrifice Christ offered to God?
A. His body; Heb. x. 10. By the which will we are fanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And his soul ; Isa. lii. 10. When thou shalt make his : soul an offering for fin.
Q. 7. Whence is the efficacy of this facrifice ?
A. From the divine Person to whom that soul and body was united ; Acts xv. 28. Feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
Q. 8. What is the first inference from hence ?
A. That believers are discharged by Christ from all their fins and debts ; Acts xiii. 39. And by him, all that believe are justified from all things.
Q. 9. What is the second inference ?
A. Í hat it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of an absolute God; Luke xxiii. 31. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?
Q. 10. What is the third inference?
A. That it is impossible for man to satisfy God for his own fins ; Plal. cxxx. 3. If thou, Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand ?
Q. 11. What is the last inference ?
A. That the Christian religion only settles the conscience in
peace; Heb. ix. 14. How much more shall the blood of Chrift, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your consciences from dead works to serve the living God?
Of Christ's Kingly Office. Quest. 26. Ow doth Christ execute the office of a king?
A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in fubduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies. Q. 1. How manifoid is Christ's kingdom !
A. Twofold. First, Internal, in mens souls ; Luke'xvij. 21. Behold, the kingdom of God is within you. Secondly, External, over all the world ; Eph. i. 22. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be Head over all things to the church.
Q. 2. What is the end of Christ's providential kingdom ? A. The good and salvation of the church ; Juhn xvii. 2. As
thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given
him. Q. 3. Wherein doth be exercise his kingly power ?
A. In reftraining his, and his people's enemies; Pfalm lxxvi. 10. Surely the wrath of man fhall praise thee; the remainder of wrath Inalt thou reitrain.
Q. 4. How else is it exercised ?
A. In protecting his church amidst all enemies; Exod. iïi. 3.' And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great fight, why the bush is not burnt.
Q. 5. What instruments doth Christ use?
A. Angels are ministring spirits to him ; Heb. i. 14. Are they not all ministring fpirits, fent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation ? And men, yea the worst of men ; Rey. xii. 16. And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.
Q. 6. In what manner doth Christ rule the world ?
A. By fupreme power ; Rev. xix. '16. He hath on his verture, and on his thigh a name written, King of kings, and lord of lords. And perfect wisdom ; Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the .counsel of his own will.
Q. 7. What learn we from hence ?
. For I am with thee, faith the Lord, to fave thee; though I make a full end of all nations, whither I have scattered thee, yet will I not make a full end of thec.
Q. 8. What is the second instruction ?
A. That the godly may safely trust to Christ's care ; 2 Chron. xvi. 9. For the eyes of the Lord run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to fhew himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect towards him.
Q. 9. What is the third instruction ?
A. That all plots againīt the church shall surely be defeated; lii. liv. 17. No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper.
Q. 10. What is the fourth instruction ?
A. It gives the faints full fatisfaction in all conditions ; Rom, viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good, to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose. l. u. What is the last inference ? A. We should not stand in a lavish fear of men; Isa. li.
12. I, even I am he that comfortech you; who art thou, that
Of Chrifli's Humiliation.
A. Chrift's humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross; in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.
Q.1. What doth Christ's humbling of himself import?
A. His voluntariness in the deepest point of self-denial ; Pfal. xl. 7. Then said I, Lo, I come; in the volume of the book it is written of me.
Q. 2. What was the first act of Christ's humiliation ?
A. His taking man's nature on him, with all its Ginless in firmities; Rom. viii. 3. God fending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin condemned fin in the flesh.
Q. 3. What is the second part of his humiliation ?
A. That mean, life he lived in this world, which obscured his divine glory; Mark vi. 3. Is not this the carpenter, the son
Q. 4. What was the first thing in Christ's life that humbled him?
A. The poverty of it; Mat. vii. 20. And Jesus faith unto him, The fox-s have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.
Q. 5. What was the second thing in his life that humbled him?
A. The temptations of Satan, to which he was subject; Mat, iv. 1. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wildernefy, to be tempted of the devil, and that for our sakes. Heb. ii. 17. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren. ver. 18. For in that he himself hath suffered, being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Q. 6. What was the third thing in Christ life that huma bled him?
A. His subjection to the law; Gal. i. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law.
Q. 7. What was the fourth thing in Christ's life that humbled him ?
A. The revilings and contradictions of sinners ; Heb. xii.