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CALDWELL'S MANUAL OF ELOCUTION
DESIGNED FOR SCHOOLS, ACADEMIES,
AND COLLEGES; ALSO, FOR

PRIVATE LEARNERS.

From the Methodist Quarterly Review. clusively than in other parts of the vo

This valuable and eminently practical lume. work supplies a want which has long ex- In part second, the author treats on isted in the American community, and Gesture. His object is not only to ossist especially in literary institutions of all the learner in correcting the awkward. grades. It is the only book we have seen ness of careless habits, and in acquiring which treats of both branches of the such command over his muscles that he speaker's art, utterance and action; and may take easy attitudes and make gracethough the size of the volume is mo- ful movements; but also to teach him derate, these subjects are discussed and how to adapt his action to the illustraillustrated with sufficient fullness to meet tion, embellishment, and enforcement of the necessities of the learner, and with a his subject, and to the significant expresscientific precision which shows the hand sion of every species of emotion. This of a master. It is also equally adapted portion of the work contains numerous to the wants of the private learner, and wood cuts designed to illustrate those at. of the student in a public seminary; and titudes and gestures which ought to be will be found as beneficial to him who avoided, as well as those which are apwishes to read well, as to him who as- propriate. pires to be an orator.

The appendix contains some excellent The work consists of two parts and an hints on the elocution adapted to the appendix. Part first treats of the Voice, pulpit, and on the action suited to the The author begins with an analysis of imitative representation of human pasthe vocal sounds of our language, and sions. The minister of the gospel who then proceeds to a full and perspicuous desires to be “a workman that needeth exposition of the functions of the human not to be ashamed,” can hardly fail to voice. In this chapter the learner will derive benefits from the careful perusal find all the information he may need on of the first chapter of the appendix; and articulation, on the different kinds of among these benefits, an inducement to stress, and on the pitch, slides, waves, study the entire work will not be the force, quality, and melodies of the voice. least valuable. The author next applies the principles which he has established to a great variety of practical examples, and treats of

From the Philadelphia Inquirer. accent, emphasis, drifts, expression, tran- “Is a good Elocution of sufficient imsition, and cadence. The section on Em-portance to deserve the attention of the phasis is a precise and clear analysis of American scholar? And can the printhat important subject, with appropriate ciples of Elocution be so taught as to examples of several kinds. The same become practically useful ?" The author may be said of the section on Expression, of the book before us commences his inwhich teaches the application of the vocal troduction with these questions. The principles to the language of sentiment first of them any man can answer for and feeling. This subject is new in works himself. The second must be answered, of this kind, and is treated with the co- if at all, by such books as the one before piousness and accuracy which its import- us. Many have doubts upon the subance demands. This portion of the book ject; but we think they generally arise will be found none the less instructive from imperfect conceptions of the nature because the author was compelled, in its of elocution itself. Of course, any merely preparation, to draw from the resources artificial elocution must be false; but the of his own mind, and to be guided by his true design of the art is to develope and own experience and judgment, more ex-employ properly the means with which na

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ture has endowed men for the expression preacher who is not too old to learn, and
of their thoughts, feelings, and passions. who is desirous of becoming an effective
Professor Caldwell has evidently formed speaker, and at the same time of so
a just idea of the functions and limits of training his voice that he may speak
elocution; and presents both as a sci- with ease to himself, should at once pro-
ence and an art, in the work before us, cure this volume, and give to its practi-
with admirable clearness. The proper cal lessons diligent attention.
method of training the voice is a subject
rarely or never treated in elementary
books of Elocution, which are generally From Wiley and Putnam's Literary News
mere compilations of rules more or less

Letter, Feb. 1845.
valuable, but unconnected by any philo- Merritt Caldwell, Esq., A. M., Profes-
sophical principles. In Professor Cald- sor of Elocution in Dickinson college, has
well's book, the elementary sounds of the just published, “A Practical Manual of
language are analysed with rigid accu- Élocution: embracing Voice and Ges-
racy, and the whole theory of their ut- ture. Designed for Schools, Academies,
verance, and the various modifications of and Colleges, as well as for Private
emphasis, stress, pitch, tone, and quality, Learners." This valuable work, the re-
presented with admirable clearness and sult of sixteen years successful practice,
method. The principles thus developed will be found to supply an obvious want,
are there applied in a series of practical at the present time, of a suitable text book
exercises, which cannot fail, if fairly pur- in Elocution, This work possesses a
sued, to insure every excellence in vocal great advantage over others-that of pre-
expression that can be desired. The se- senting both branches of the subject in
cond part of the work takes up the sub- the same volume, which must prove a
ject of Gesture, which is treated in the great convenience to the teacher, as
same way, both theoretically and practi- well as the learner. The section on Ec-
cally. A tone of excellent practical sense pression, it is believed, is a more full at-
pervades the treatise throughout. It does tempt to present the vocal “language of
not make vague promises never to be ful- the passions," in intelligible terms, than
filled, but leads the pupil on, by a progres- has ever before been made. We confi-
sive and connected series of exercises, to dently recommend the work,
the highest attainments of the art. We
could wish that all elementary books From the Baltimore American.
were distinguished by as scholarly a tone

This is a new work on Elocution, by and as skilful an arrangement as this Professor Caldwell, of Dickinson college. work. The book is got up in excellent It is designed for instruction and discistyle and illustrated by a large number of wood cuts. The publishers, Messrs. Sorin sation of the voice, and for facilitating

pline in the use, management, and moduand Ball, seem determined to get the the other requisitions necessary to make good will of the community, by publishing good books and no others. They de-work seems to have been prepared with

an accomplished reader or speaker. The serve every encouragement.

great care and labor. The analysis of

the elements of vocal utterance and From the Christian Advocate and Journal, power, is minute, and is in accordance New York.

with the principles laid down by Dr.

Rush, in his Philosophy of the Human Professor Caldwell has given us, in the Voice." The student will find in Profespreparation of this Manual, satisfactory sor Caldwell's volume a valuable assist. evidence of his qualifications as a teacher ant and guide, in a department of educaof elocution. Acknowledging his indebt-tion generally too much neglected. edness to the standard philosophical work of Rush, and to Austin's "Chironomia," the author has at the same time thought

From the Albany Daily Advertiser. for himself, and prepared a work not only The author of this work is no tyro on adapted for the use of students in colleges the subject of which he treats. He has and academies, but most especially, a mind not only adapted, but trained, to and this we deem its chief excellence,- physical analysis, and familiar with the of those who are engaged in the active science of Elocution in all its progressive duties of the ministry.

stages. It is a work to be studied careAs a practical work, we have no hesita- fully rather than read cursorily—a work tion to commend it as superior to any for those who teach Elocution as well as thing of the kind we have ever seen. for those who learn it ; and, we cannot We doubt not, that a discerning public doubt, that it is destined to perform an will agree with us in opinion. Every essential service in leading to a more

general, intimate, and philosophical ac-are valuable indeed, and would be of service quaintance with this highly important to all our preachers.branch of learning.-S.

From the Southern Christian Advocate, From the Albany Evening Atlas.

Charleston, S. C. This treatise is constructed throughout lieve that ihis is a valuable manual, in

A cursory examination leads us to beupon philosophical principles, and is evidently the result of much profound re- which the reader or student will find all flection and laborious search. We doubt

the important principles embodied, which not, that it is destined to be adopted in in reading or publie speaking, and a full

relate to the management of the voice our higher literary institutions, and we trust it may contribute not a little to analysis of the elements of gesture in an elevate the standard of public speaking accomplished Elocution. The subject is throughout the land We have been confessedly of the highest importance in especially interested in the chapter on

this couniry; and we commend to the the eloquence of the pulpit, which brings favorable notice of Teachers and Profesmuch sound and excellent thought with sors, this publication. in very narrow limits; and we are quite sure, that if our clergymen generally From Zion's Herald and Wesleyan Jourwould study it, and would reduce to

nal, Boston. practice the rules which it contains, it The chief excellencies of this work would be found an important auxiliary are, first, It embraces the two subjects of both to their popularity and usefulness.- voice and gesture; and, secondly, These E.

are thoroughly and minutely developed.

It makes a practical application of the From the Western Christian Advocate, principles of Rush, in regard to the Cincinnati.

former, and draws amply from the “ChiThis work comes before the public, in ronomia” of Austin for the latter. It is our opinion, with considerable claims for a critical and technical text book, adapted very general use in colleges and acade- for the thorough drilling of the student. mies. We cannot, however, claim much He cannot pass through it without bevalue for our opinion in regard to the coming master of the iwo great implebest use of voice and gesture, unskilled ments of Elocution--voice and gesture. as we are in both these very important parts of public speaking. Nevertheless,

From the Christian Mirror, Portland. unless we are mistaken, Mr. Caldwell's The author of this Manual, who is well book will be well and generally re- known in this state as a faithful and exceived.

perienced teacher, remarks that, "the We cannot withhold the following ex- question was once asked by the Bishop tract of a letter from Dr. Durbin, to our- of Cloyne, in relation to Great Britain, self, in which he mentions Mr. Caldwell's wbether half the learning of the kingdom book, in the following terms. President was not lost for want of having a proper Durbin's opinion is of great value in this delivery taught in our schools and col. case, as he has had much opportunity of leges ?" And, he adds, “a similar inwitnessing the practical utility of the quiry cannot but force itself on any book, and is withal, a master in the very thoughtful observer, in regard to our own department treated on. The annexed is country.” Permit a correspondent, Mr. the extract:

Editor, to suggest, that if he has formed The Manual of Elocution, by Professor any correct. estimate of this book, all Caldwell, of Dickinson college, has just apology for the future neglect to teach been published by Sorin and Ball, of Phila- Elocution in our schools and colleges, is delphia. I have been intimately acquainted removed. Having some slight familiarity with the principles laid down and illus- with other works on Elocution, I think I trated by Professor Caldwell, and am satis- cannot be mistaken in giving the decided fied that they are the true principles of Elo- preference to this over any other I have cution. I have seen them upplied and illus- met with. It is simple in its plan, comtruted in practical instruction in this college prehensive in the views it takes of the during the last ten years; and the success requisites to a perfect orator, and is full attending their application has fully esta- of precepts and lessons for practice, blished their value. I am persuaded that which cannot be studied in vain. you will find the book exceedingly well Altogether, it appears to be a scholaradapted to instruction in colleges and aca- like production; is remarkably neat and demies, and of great service to private accurate in its typography; and though Learners. The pages on pulpit elocution modestly dedicated by the author, to

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